During the Safavid period, the practice of fal (divination, or seeking knowledge of the future or the unknown by supernatural means) was aided by the usage of sacred scripture, but it was also influenced by ancient Greek astrology. As early as the 11th century, two books were written on the subject: One by al-Biruni and the other by al-Juzjani.
Divination by means of astrology is still practiced in parts of Asia and Africa. For example, in India it is common for farmers to use astrological charts to determine their harvest. They will look at the positions of the planets on the day they plan to plant their crops and use this information to guide them. The Zodiac has four signs, each representing one season of the year. It is believed that if a planet is located in these signs then it will not cause harm to the crop.
The Indian zodiac is called "nakshatrana", which means "auspicious sign". It is based on the position of the Moon when she enters into a new moon. This occurs once every 30 days, so there are 12 entries in an annual chart. Just as in Western astrology, the major planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars and Jupiter) have significant effects on humans. The rest of the stars include details about our relationships, health, career, etc.
Astrology is an ancient esoteric tradition that originated in Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China. Divination was used to connect with the gods, who, according to Mesopotamian religious thinking, created human fates and governed all occurrences in the cosmos. Modern scholars believe that the first recorded astrological texts were written down between 350 B.C. and A.D. 300. Although never widely adopted by Babylonians or Egyptians, Mesopotamian astrology was the most popular form of astrology in early Europe.
Mesopotamian astrology is based on three main elements: celestial bodies, houses, and signs. Each person's chart includes a description of the major planets as well as many other objects such as stars, constellations, and lunar phases over a period of approximately two centuries. The relative positions of these objects when placed in reference to the Earth have been found to influence events such as births, marriages, and deaths. Astrologers use this information to advise people on matters related to love, work, and life in general.
Houses are the main focus of a mesopotamian chart. Each house represents a different part of our psyche and behavior.
The earliest records are from the 2nd millennium BC, during the Old Babylonian era. However, Sumerians had some comprehension of the issue some 1000 years earlier. Today, astrologers divide history into periods based on the movements of the Sun around the Earth.
The term "zodiac" comes from the Greek word for "years", because this was once how astronomers divided up the sky to understand its patterns. Like many other ancient cultures, they believed that the heavens were directly involved in earthly affairs. So, just like today, people looked up at the night sky and made sense of what they saw by grouping celestial phenomena together into categories - such as constellations or planets - that were representative of important events in their society. The Zodiac has been variously described as a map of the universe, as a list of significant events, and as a guide to understanding terrestrial trends.
It's been suggested that the Zodiac was invented by Thales of Miletus (624-546 BC), but this is uncertain. What is certain is that he was one of the first scientists who tried to make sense of what he saw in the night sky. He predicted rain, snow, and wind, and he also seemed to know when something bad was going to happen.
Greek divination is the divination performed by ancient Greek civilization, as recorded in Greek literature and supported by epigraphic and visual evidence. Divination is a traditional collection of practices for accessing divinity in order to gain predictions (theopropia) regarding specific events. These could be future events (nostoi), but also include more general questions about fate (karma) or destiny (moira). Diviners may use entrails, bones, stones, or plants to obtain these answers.
Early Greeks relied on sacrifices and prayers for guidance, but soon after their beginning they learned that some of them had become sick or injured while traveling abroad. So they started asking themselves questions about what had happened to them and going to see priests who asked them certain signs from birds or animals or even objects found in the ground. If the victim was healthy when he/she went to sleep, then he/she will wake up tomorrow as good as new. If not, then he/she will die. This is how sacrifice helped people find solutions to their problems.
Gods were originally thought to be able to interact with humans directly, but later they started communicating with humans through prophets or priests. This way, both parties knew what role each other played in the cosmic game and what duties needed to be done for justice to be served.