Mesoamerican culture is mostly found in central and southern Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. The center Andes (Peru and western Bolivia) and the southern Andes are covered by the Andean cultural region (Chile and western Argentina).
These two cultural regions had extensive interactions with each other, mainly through trade. They also influenced each other: the Inca introduced new crops (potatoes, manioc, quinoa) to Mesoamerica, for example.
Mesoamerica developed a writing system (the codex) around 600 AD that was similar but not identical to the one used in Europe at the time. It is believed that the knowledge of this writing system was passed on from generation to generation of scribes who worked for religious leaders or royalty. This made it possible for different cultures to have their ideas recorded for future reference.
In addition to manuscripts, some important documents from this period include the Book of Mormon and the Aztec Codex Zouche-Nuttall.
Andean culture is found in Peru, northern Chile, parts of Ecuador, and Bolivia. It developed about 5000 years ago and interacted extensively with Mesoamerican culture during its rise to power.
Mesoamerica refers to the several civilizations that shared similar cultural traits in the modern-day nations of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. These cultures developed between 300 B.C. and A.D. 1500.
Mesoamerican cultures were based on agriculture, especially the cultivation of maize (also called corn). They used advanced tools such as grinding stones and metates for preparing corn for food or drink. They built large cities with high walls and had sophisticated political systems. However, many mesoamericans lived in small villages without any kind of government or police force.
Why do we call this region of North America 'Mesoamerica'? The word comes from the Greek mesos meaning'middle' and america meaning 'western land'. Thus,'mesoamerica' means'middle western land'.
The first inhabitants of what is now called Mexico were the Olmecs, who lived in southern Mexico around 3000 B.C. Other ancient cultures included the Maya, Zapotecs, and Cuicuiltecs. All of these societies were mostly agricultural, although some also hunted animals and gathered seeds and fruits.
Mesoamerica is a historical and cultural region of North America. It stretches from middle Mexico to northern Costa Rica, passing through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Nicaragua. Caral-Supe emerged as an autonomous civilisation in Peru's northern coastal area. They were probably the first South Americans who established relations with other countries.
Nowadays, many archaeologists believe that Mesoamerica and Peru were connected by trade routes during the Pre-Columbian era. They also think that ancient people might have moved back and forth between these two regions.
However, others argue that there is not enough evidence to connect Ancient Peru with Mesoamerica. Some scholars say that it is more appropriate to call Peru and Mesoamerica separate superpowers because of their political independence at the time they developed into great civilizations.
About 8,000 years ago, climate change caused the collapse of both the Maya and the Inca empires. The former had been thriving for hundreds of years before its decline began, while the latter was only about 200 years old when it collapsed. Many experts believe that this common disaster led to a cultural merger between the Maya and the Inca. They share many similar rituals, gods, and symbols after all!
Mesoamerica is known for its great cities such as Chichén-Itzá, Cuicuilco, and Tulum.
The Olmec, Maya, Zapotec, Teotihuacan, Mixtec, and Mexica are some of the most well-known Mesoamerican cultures (or Aztec). Mesoamerica's topography is very diversified, with wet tropical sections, arid deserts, high mountainous mountains, and low coastal plains. This variety of environment has caused the development of different cultures over time.
Mesoamerica is known for its large cities that covered up to 200 acres. Some experts believe that these cities were able to grow so large because they were protected by a water source such as a river or lake nearby. These cities also had an advanced system of public works, including roads, architecture, and engineering projects. The people who lived in these cities were able to create a strong economy using trade with other countries around them.
Mesoamerica developed over 3,000 years ago into several independent states that shared similar cultures but differed in their material possessions and styles of art. All of these cultures had an important role to play in the evolution of Mexico and Central America.
The word "Mesoamerica" comes from the Spanish words meaning "middle America," since these cultures were all located between North and South America. Mesoamerica is known for having some of the earliest evidence of human presence in North America, including buildings and artwork dating back more than 10,000 years.
Mesoamerica as a cultural region is distinguished by a mosaic of cultural features generated and shared by its indigenous civilizations. The Olmec civilisation, which populated the Gulf Coast of Mexico and spread inland and southward over the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, was one of the oldest sophisticated civilizations. It included urban centers with pyramids for ritual purposes and large reservoirs for water management.
The Maya civilization emerged about 500 years later, bringing a widespread culture based on writing, mathematics, astronomy, and power politics to a wide area that includes present-day Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and parts of Mexico. The Zapotecs and the Mixtecs were other ancient civilizations that developed in southern Mexico. In Central America, the cultures that evolved from the early settlers were diverse and included the Olmecs, the Maya, and others. It was not until after A.D. 1000 that these different peoples began to unite under one ruler or another. By this time, most of the major cities were well established, including Tikal in modern-day Guatemala. These civilizations flourished for many centuries and disappeared around A.D. 1500. However, they left a profound influence on their neighbors, who incorporated some of their ideas into their own cultures.
In North America, the cultures that evolved from the early settlers were also varied.
Mesoamerica is unmistakably in North America and unmistakably not in South America. According to our second definition, it is also partially located in Central America. However, it is a cultural and historical word shaped by the expansion of pre-Columbian cultures, rather than a geographical one. These definitions make it clear that Mesoamerica is not south of the Caribbean Sea and not north of Mexico. It is west of the Atlantic Ocean and east of the Pacific.
Mesoamerica has been used as a general name for parts of what are now eight countries of North America: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. But these countries are divided into two major geographic regions: northern Mexico and Central America; and southern Mexico and Guatemala. There are other areas within each of these regions that are sometimes called mesoamerican, such as Oaxaca and Chiapas in Southern Mexico or Quintana Roo and Campeche in Central America. But these names can be confusing because they are also used for other parts of Mexico and Central America that have nothing to do with the civilizations that lived there before the arrival of Europeans.
The term "Mesoamerica" came first and was defined by American scholars after the discovery of ancient remains that showed that there were advanced societies in what are now four central Mexican states: Teotihuacan, Tula, Cholula, and Quirigua.
What did the Mesoamerican peoples' civilizations have in common? They all have excellent agricultural techniques. Rural areas are home to a large number of individuals. Others resided in towns and cities. The largest settlements were found in Mexico. Many other communities had populations of less than 500 people.
Mesoamerica is one of only two regions in the world where human beings developed a sophisticated writing system (the other being ancient Egypt). Both regions are in the continent of North America. Writing was first used by the Maya around 300 A.D. to record important events such as wars and victories. Written language was also used as a medium for religious texts that told stories about gods and men who lived many years ago. Today, most writings are done using computers but some companies still use Mayan writers to create products such as jewelry and clothes.
Mesoamerica is known for its great artists too. They created beautiful paintings on cloth or wood that show animals, humans, and scenes from daily life. Some scientists think these drawings helped preserve history by allowing us to see past rulers and wars every time they were painted over.
Finally, Mesoamericans invented football! The game we know today as football was born in Mexico about 600 years ago. It was called "footbal" then, like today's sport.