Design. A.835 in (21.2 mm) caliber weapon is an 8-bore. It was formerly used to fire smoothbores, rifles, and partly rifled ball and shotguns, as well as shot from muzzle-loading and breech-loading action shotguns. The term "8-gauge" comes from the fact that each barrel has eight chambers, hence the name "eight-bore."
The A.835 is a world standard gauge for 12-gauge weapons. It's also known as "Winchester Gauge" or "Shell Gun Code." In the United States, it is most commonly used as the standard gauge for over/under shotguns.
In Europe, an equivalent weapon is the double-barreled shotgun called "12-gauge." There are other equivalents around the world but none quite as common. For example, there are 9-shot and 10-shot guns in Russia but they're not as popular as their 12-gauge counterparts.
Modern A.835s are usually made of steel with wood or plastic stocks. Older models may be made of cast iron or even wood. Some have intricate silver-work while others are simple, functional designs. No matter what style they range in price from inexpensive to very expensive.
There are many different manufacturers who produce A.835s.
Here's a rundown of everything you need to know about shotgun shells: Shot refers to the pellets, or projectiles, that are included within a shotgun shell. Though lesser shot sizes are available, # 8 is the most popular shot size used by hunters. It has a diameter of just. 080 "and is popular among dove and quail hunters.
The number after the word "shot" indicates the size of the shot, or pellet, that will be thrown by the shell. A smaller number means a finer powder charge and thus more velocity when fired. A larger number means a coarser powder charge and thus less velocity when fired. # 8 shots are considered medium-sized; # 4 and 6 are called small and large, respectively.
Shotshells come in three varieties: breakable, nonbreakable, and mixed. Nonbreakable shotshells cannot be broken open and loaded with fresh shot. This is useful if you want to keep shooting the same bird without having to stop to reload. Mixed shots are those that can contain either breakable or nonbreakable shot. These are usually sold as "dove/quail" or "rabbit" shells and are useful for killing multiple birds with one shot.
Breakable shotshells can be opened and reloaded easily. They are used whenever you want to shoot quickly without stopping to load new shot.
The following are the important points: The diameter of the barrel is referred to as its "bore." The term "gauge" refers to the amount of lead that will fit down the bore—a 12 gauge will fit a solid sphere/ball of lead weighing 1/12 of a pound, while a 20 gauge would fit a solid sphere of lead weighing 1/20 of a pound. A gun's power is based on the size of the shot it can shoot.
There are several different sizes of shot for various applications. For example, there is a choice between birdshot for small game and ballistics gelatin for large animals like deer. The type of load used in a particular gun determines which size shot it will handle best. For example, a gun designed to use 3-inch shells would not work well if filled with 6-inch shells.
Shotguns are made in several different types of barrels. The most common ones are called "over/under," "side-by-side," and "stacked-tube." In an over/under shotgun, one side is longer than the other. So, if one were to look inside the body of the gun, one would see more of a tube than of an even length. Side-by-side shotguns have barrels that are equal in length. Stack-tube guns have shorter barrels than side-by-side guns but longer than over/unders. They look like long, thin tubes with ends that meet in a flat plane at the top of the stock.