No one other than a natural born citizen or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Constitution shall be eligible for the office of President; nor shall any person be eligible for that office who has not attained the age of thirty-five years and has not been a resident for fourteen years...
Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution limits the president to being a "natural-born" citizen of the United States. The language about not being a "native-born" citizen was added to appease fears about Thomas Jefferson's foreign birth. However, because his father was American, he was a native-born citizen.
In addition, the president must have been 35 years old at the time of their election and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years. These requirements were put in place by the Founding Fathers as barriers between the people and their leaders. They want to make sure that only those who are willing to serve the public trust are able to do so.
The president can never be paid above the highest salary allowed for federal officials at the time they take office. This prevents presidents from using their position to make money. It also ensures that no one is above the law. Finally, the president cannot hold any other public office under the United States or any of its states. This rule is known as the "Emoluments Clause."
No individual shall be a Representative unless he is twenty-five years old, a citizen of the United States for seven years, and a resident of the State in which he is elected. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective populations. The exact number of representatives from each state will be determined by adding up the total population of all citizens over twenty-one years old in the census and dividing it by two million. If any district is found to be based on an unconstitutional criterion, such as race, religion, or alien status, then that district cannot be used for electing members of Congress.
In other words, no person can be elected to Congress if they are not a "natural-born" citizen, which means they were born in the country or held down at birth. A natural-born citizen is also called a "native citizen". There are some people who were not born in the United States who have become naturalized citizens. This process requires going before a judge and proving you are a citizen of another country who came to America legally. About 1 in 50 Americans are not citizens of the United States. These "noncitizen residents" include legal immigrants as well as illegal aliens.
Section 1. The right to vote of citizens of the United States who are eighteen years of age or older shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on the grounds of age. (The Twenty-fourth Amendment, which limits how many times a citizen can vote in a federal election, does not apply to those over 18.)
Section 2. Representatives shall be elected directly by the people. Senators may be chosen by the legislatures of the several states, and they may require voters to prove their citizenship before allowing them to vote in an election for that office. (This power was reserved by the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.)
Section 3. Each state shall determine the time, place, and manner of conducting elections for its public offices, but no state shall make or enforce any law which will deprive any person of any right granted by Article II of the Constitution. (This provision is known as the Guarantee Clause because it guarantees to each state the right to establish a government for itself or provide for the common defense.)
Section 4. The Congress shall have the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the provisions of this article. This section gives the Congress the power to create the national electoral system that would become known as the Federal Election System (FES).
"The Congress may fix the time for selecting electors and the day on which they shall vote, which day shall be the same throughout the United States." According to the original requirements of Article II, electors vote for two candidates for president, with the second-place finisher becoming vice-president.
Many people want to be President of the United States. However, in order to run for office, a person must satisfy three fundamental conditions outlined in the United States Constitution (Article 2, Section 1). People who have similar beliefs are frequently members of the same political party. Republicans and Democrats are the two major political parties in the United States.
The President shall receive for his services, at specified periods, a remuneration that shall not be raised or decreased during the period for which he has been elected, and he shall not receive any other emolument from the United States, or any of them, during that period. The term "emolument" means any fee paid to any public official as compensation for his services, but it does not include ordinary expenses incurred by the Secretary of State in the discharge of his duties.
In addition to the specific exceptions listed in the Constitution, there is also an exception for gifts received by payment into a personal account. The recipient cannot use these funds for any purpose other than paying for goods and services. If the President were to accept such a gift, he would be using his office to obtain private gain, which is a violation of the spirit if not the letter of the law.
There is one more exception that may not appear in the text, but which can be inferred from the wording of the clause: foreign gifts, including those from foreign governments.
The prohibition against receiving "any other Emolument" than that specified in the Constitution was included to prevent corruption through bribery.