Democracy and the notion (and names) of a constitution as a system of governance arose in ancient Athens about 508 B.C. Democracy was contrasted in ancient Greece, where there were numerous city-states with many types of administration, with control by elites (aristocracy), by one person (monarchy), and by tyrants (...). Modern democracies still use elements from this original version of democracy, such as elections and political parties.
In modern usage, a democracy refers to any government that consists of the majority vote of its citizens. However, this term has another, narrower meaning in international affairs. In particular, it applies to those countries that have made peace with their neighbors and established relations with them, despite not being fully recognized by other states as sovereign entities. Thus, most countries that are called "democracies" do not actually operate according to democratic principles; rather, they rely on some form of representative government. Nonetheless, because of the importance that many people attach to these institutions, they are often motivated to work toward becoming more democratic.
There are several factors that may influence whether or not a country adopts a more democratic system of government. One factor is the type of government that exists in the country already. If a country is already a democracy, then it makes sense for it to continue down this path; therefore, no major changes will likely be made. By contrast, if a country is dominated by an elite class that wants to keep its power, then it will probably adopt policies that serve this end.
Origins. During classical antiquity, the term "democracy" originally originated in ancient Greek political and philosophical philosophy in the city-state of Athens. All eligible people were permitted to speak and vote in the assembly, which established the city state's laws. The word "demokratia" was used to describe this system of government.
In the 5th century BC, Aristotle defined democracy as a government of the people; he also suggested that the majority should rule, but that the minority have some power too. In his work The Politics, written in 350 BC, Aristotle argued that only citizens of free cities should be allowed to vote for officials such as generals and politicians. This idea became more common after Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BC. Under his leadership, many countries in Asia and Africa were incorporated into the Macedonian Empire. He encouraged these new territories to have their own governments and allow male citizens to vote. After his death in 323 BC, his general Alexander Hamilton took charge of administering these new territories. He restricted Egyptian citizenship to those who could prove they had at least two parents who were not foreigners. This way, only people who were born locally could vote.
In conclusion, the origin of democracy can be traced back to ancient Greece, where it was established as a form of government. Although Aristotle did not use the word "democracy", his definition and suggestions formed the basis of future discussions about this topic.
Greece in the past Athens was one of the first known and most influential democracies in ancient times; the term "democracy" (Greek: demokratia-"rule of the people") was used by the Athenians around 508 BC to describe their form of administration. The word eventually came to mean any government by the people, regardless of size or type.
In America, democracy is considered to have begun in 1776 with the establishment of the United States as a democratic republic. However, American democracy has been described as unique because of its combination of a formal system of government with certain modern features, such as an independent media and an electoral process that encourages participation by citizens who may not be familiar with the details of policy formation.
Australia and New Zealand also claim to have founded modern democracy, but their governments are elected by voters under traditional monarchies. In fact, only two countries in Africa have established true democracies today: South Africa and Mauritius.
Israel is sometimes cited as having started modern democracy, but it too is limited in scope due to the existence of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and Israel's status as a Jewish state. Even so, Israel does provide all of its citizens with equal political rights.
Asia is home to several successful democracies, including India, Indonesia, and Pakistan.