Xi'an, a historically significant city in China, is rich in ancient sites and treasures. The majority of these treasures, which were originally strewn around the region, have now made their way to the Shaanxi Provincial Museum. The museum is located near the center of Xi'an, within easy reach of most hotels in the city.
The museum was founded in 1949, after the communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. It first opened its doors to the public in 1950. In 2001, it was decided to close the museum for five years of renovation work. The new museum opened in 2006, featuring an improved layout and expanded collection.
There are four main sections to the museum: Ancient China, Modern China, Foreigners (including European and American materials), and Children's Zone.
Ancient China features exhibits on history, culture, and art from early civilizations up to the mid-20th century. There are more than 9,000 pieces in all, including sculptures, paintings, and calligraphy. One of the best pieces here is a jade sculpture of a dancing girl that dates back more than 5,000 years.
Modern China focuses on changes that have taken place since the opening of the museum in 1950. Here you can see how people live today in China's major cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou.
Xi'an is most known for its Terracotta Warriors, which have become a global emblem of Chinese history. Ancient sites include the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, the Ancient City Wall, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, and the Bell Tower.
The city has many ancient buildings including the City Wall, which was built between 740 and 685 BC. The wall surrounds an area of about one square mile and has 72 gates. It's one of the largest in China and at one time had over 100 towers with gunpowder weapons to protect against invasion. There are also many temples and museums in the city.
Xi'an is also known as the home of paper manufacturing. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), paper making became very popular and many factories were built around the city. Today, fewer than 10 paper mills still operate in Shaanxi Province but they all lie within 50 miles of Xi'an.
In addition to these attractions, Xi'an is close to many other historic cities such as Luoyang, Kaifeng, and Zhengzhou. There are daily flights from Beijing to Xi'an Wuliang Airport and the trip takes about an hour. The airport is located 27 miles from downtown Xi'an, near the Yellow River.
There are several hotels in Xi'an that offer discounts during off season.
Xi'an is a renowned tourist destination in China. The warriors were discovered near the city's ancient walls and date back to around 200 B.C.
The discovery of the warriors has helped fuel interest in China's ancient culture.
Also worth seeing are several old towns with narrow streets full of shops and restaurants; they make for interesting browsing with plenty to see and do for everyone regardless of age or ability level.
There are also many modern attractions in Xi'an including the Ancient City Wall Ruins, which date back more than 2,000 years; the Muslim Quarter, which was built about 1,400 years ago; and the New World Exhibition Center, which opened its doors in 2016.
The impressive structure consists of three intertwined rings that resemble a trident; inside are movie theaters, music venues, and other entertainment facilities. It's not far from the city center and is a great place to go for a night out in Xi'an.
Xi'an has excellent transportation options with buses, taxis, bicycles, electric cars, and motorcycles all available for use.
Xi'an is the oldest of China's Four Great Ancient Capitals, serving as the capital city of 13 dynasties over a 1,100-year span beginning in 221 BC. Xi'an is distinguished by and proud of its historic legacy, which includes the world-famous Terracotta Army. The name "Xi'an" means "south of the wall", referring to the southern part of the old city where the majority of the sites are located.
Xian An was one of the most important economic centers of the ancient world, second only to Rome in terms of commerce and technology. In contrast to many other Chinese cities that suffered from warfare and natural disasters, Xian experienced relatively peaceful times with only minor conflicts within its borders. It was here that the first written language in the world appeared around 2400 BC - known as Proto Eneo-Chinese.
After a series of wars with rival states, including the Qin who conquered most of China in 221 BC, Xian became the imperial capital under the First Emperor. The emperor's body was preserved after his death and placed inside a huge statue called "The Last Emperor Monument". The site today is a museum where visitors can see the emperor's skeleton along with some of his personal items such as a sword and armor.
During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Xian became even more prosperous with trade routes spreading out from the city center.