Islam distinguishes between conversion to Islam and conversion away from Islam. The former is known as ihtida or hidayah (divine direction), while the latter is known as irtidad (apostasy). According to Watt (1980: 723), "ihtida means 'to accept Islam,' that is, to embrace its teachings and practices'; irtidad means 'to reject Islam' ". Thus, ihtida means "the acceptance of Islam" while irtidad means "the rejection of Islam".
In simple terms, conversion to Islam is called ijtihad (effort) while conversion away from Islam is called kufr (disbelief). A person who converts to Islam does so by pronouncing ilahi (God-willing) as he accepts Islam, thereby expressing his will to abide by its rules. He then becomes a muslim and is entitled to all rights and obligations pertaining to a Muslim.
A person cannot be forced to convert to Islam. However, if a non-Muslim lives in an area where Islam is widely accepted, he may choose to convert to avoid persecution or prejudice.
Conversion away from Islam can take place only if a person rejects the initial conversion.
Converting to Islam necessitates the shahada, or Muslim declaration of faith ("I bear witness that there is no deity but God, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God."). When a person adopts Islam, they are said to have returned to their previous state. Therefore, converting to Islam requires re-adopting its fundamental beliefs, such as the belief in one God and in the prophet Muhammad.
In order for someone to be considered a valid convert, they must repeat the shahada after receiving the verbal instruction from an Islamic leader. Additionally, they must act upon this information by living by the teachings of Islam. For example, a person who converts to Islam but then returns to another religion would not be considered a true convert because it has been shown that they do not believe in Allah, the prophet Muhammad, and the need to follow them.
A person can convert to Islam at any age, but most conversions occur when individuals join a community of Muslims or seek advice from Islamic leaders. Individuals who are considered adults by society's standards (18 years old) can convert if they have the mental capacity to understand the implications of their decision. Parents or guardians can confirm that an adult convert knows what they are doing by checking to see if they have repeated the shahada after receiving guidance from an Islamic leader.
A person does not just "convert" to Islam; rather, they "revert" to Islam from where they previously were. People have so began to use the term "revert" instead of "convert" to refer to those of us who have chosen to join Islam in our latter years of life. This is because we feel that there is no difference between someone who converts to Christianity from Islam and someone who reverts to Islam from Christianity - both people are now Muslims and both people share many similar beliefs.
In fact, according to Islamic teachings, anyone who dies a Christian death will go to heaven if they truly believe in Jesus Christ with their heart. If they later choose to join Islam, they would be given a chance to do so. In addition, anyone who was a Muslim and then joins Christianity could also be given a chance to return to Islam. There is no requirement for them to first try Christianity before returning to Islam.
As you can see, there is no reason for concern over how one might be described as having converted to or reverted back to Islam. Rather, one should focus on whether one's heart is true to Islam before entering into any agreement regarding God's religion.
Islam is an Arabic term that signifies "submission" and, in religious context, "submit to God's will." The name "Islam" is derived from the Arabic word "sal'm," which meaning "peace." The religion known as Islam existed long before the birth of Jesus Christ. Its founder was Muhammad, a prophet who received many revelations from God through the angel Jibreel.
In the Old Testament, God tells Abraham to "walk before me and be blameless". This command applies to all human beings because we all need a spiritual guide when we are living life on earth. It is only when we reach heaven that we will know whether we have been successful in obeying God.
In Islam, God orders His people to follow a clear moral code called "the path of submission." This means to obey God's commands and avoid disobeying Him. Submission also means to accept other people as they are and not try to change them to fit your own ideas about what should be done.
The path of submission has three main aspects: prayer, charity (helpful action toward others), and fasting during Ramadan.
Prayer is one of the most important aspects of Islam. It involves talking to God in order to receive guidance on how to live life.
Conversion entails not just studying the ideas and rituals of Islam, but also learning how to live as a Muslim. Zealotry, disillusionment, acceptance, and secularisation may all be stages of the conversion process. Converts, like all Muslims, face Islamophobia. They may also experience discrimination from the wider society.
According to the Pew Research Center, there are about 2.1 million Muslims in Russia. Although this makes Russia one of the countries with the most Muslims, it is also one of the most persecuted groups in the country. Anti-Muslim sentiment has become more common in Russia since the fall of communism in 1991, when religious freedom was introduced for the first time after decades of oppression under the Soviet Union.
However, not every Russian personates Islam. According to a study by the Moscow School of Political Studies, only 1% of Russians are radical Islamists. The remaining 99% are considered normal or regular people who believe only in God and pray five times a day. There are an estimated 170,000 radical Islamists in Russia. These numbers show that Islam is becoming more popular among Russians despite efforts by some government officials to prevent this from happening.
People think of conversion to Islam as a one-time action. However, conversion can also involve changing some aspects of your daily life such as abandoning violence, drinking alcohol, or using drugs.