The S-5 is the key counsel to the commander at the unit level on the civilian-to-military and military-to-civilian effect of the mission/operation within the host nation's (HN) area of interest (AOI), area of operations (AO), or target area of interest (TAOI). The S-5 provides counsel on issues such as cultural sensitivity, local laws, and regulations. They may also provide advice on resource allocation among competing requirements. The S-5 does not develop policy; instead they seek to understand the commander's perspective and help him/her make informed decisions by providing relevant information.
In addition to serving as a key adviser at the unit level, the S-5 works with other members of the command team to fulfill overall mission responsibilities. These include tasks such as preparing the commander for his/her meetings with the chief of staff or other senior leaders, acting as a liaison between the commander's office and other branches of the armed forces when necessary, and assisting the commander in planning and executing military operations.
S-5s usually work for one commanding officer at a time but can serve more than one commander if required by circumstances. When there are more than one S-5 assigned to a commander, often the commander will select one of them to be his/her personal S-5.
S-5s are commissioned as second lieutenants after completing an undergraduate degree and serving for several years in one of the services.
G5 (S5), Civil-Military Activities—the primary staff officer in charge of all civil-military operations (the civilian impact on military operations and the impact of military operations on the civilian populace).
The G5 is also usually the senior member of the joint staff. The position is generally held by a three- or four-star general. A G5 can have various titles, such as Director of Joint Staff Affairs, Director for Policy Planning, and Chief Operating Officer. Sometimes the position has a special title given to it by legislation, such as Deputy Secretary of Defense. Occasionally, a five-star general may be given this role.
There are two G6 positions on the joint staff that do not have five stars: one is called the Special Assistant to the Chairman for Operations and Plans (which is not a policy position) and the other is called the Senior Advisor for Integration and Innovation (which is a policy position). Both of these positions require approval from the chairman of the joint staff before they can be filled. There are also several other less important positions on the joint staff with four stars or below.
In addition to their role on the joint staff, some G5s also serve as the principal military adviser to the secretary of defense. They are usually three-star generals unless there is no three-star officer available at the time of appointment.
For example, your S1 handles record updates, pay issues, and orders when soldiers move, deploy, or go on a temporary assignment, and ensures that he S1 is personnel, S2 is Intel and security, S3 is training and operations, S4 is supply, no one really has an S5, but historically it was for plans, and S6 is commo/IT support. Some countries have five-star rank systems instead.
In the U.S. Army, each branch of service has a five-star general officer ranking system with S1 at the top and S0 at the bottom. The highest rank that can be achieved by a soldier is four stars. A one-star general is a lieutenant general, while a two-star is a major general and a three-star is a brigadier general. A four-star is a full general.
In addition to their military duties, some senior officers serve as department heads within their respective agencies or headquarters units. These officers manage staff functions within their agency or office. They may also have a role in policy development or oversight responsibilities.
A few examples of departments include the Department of Defense, which is responsible for national defense; the Department of the Army, which is responsible for the administration of the U.S. Army; and the Department of the Navy, which is responsible for the administration of the U.S. Navy. There are other departments such as the Department of Homeland Security, which is responsible for protecting the nation from terrorist acts and disasters.
Sorting, straightening, shining, standardizing, and sustaining are the five S's. Excess inventory, non-standard procedures, and transportation will be targeted by designated POCs within each directorate using 5S tools. This will help focus resources on those activities that need them most.
5S is a management tool used to identify and remove obstacles that stop an organization from operating at its full potential. The 5S process starts with sorting through all of your organization's assets (people, programs, projects, etc.) to identify those that are valuable and should not be discarded or abandoned. Next, they must be straightened and organized so that they can be put into proper storage or disposal. After this has been done, they must be inspected to make sure there are no flaws or damage that would prevent them from being used properly. Last, they must be sustained by keeping them clean and free of dirt and dust.
The 5S process was developed by Mr. Iwao Takano during the postwar economic boom in Japan. He came up with it as a way for his company, Mitsui & Co., to reduce its excess inventory while still providing quality products to its customers. Today, many companies use 5S as a way to get more efficient and effective at reducing waste while improving productivity.
There are two ways that people can be sorted: by department or by value.
When the gear works, S6-Handles communications such as Nodal Networks, Tropo, TACSAT, and other high-end communications goodies. These are staff jobs at the battalion or brigade level. Not really equipment repair jobs.
S6 stands for "Secondary" which means these radios are backup devices intended to replace damaged or lost primary radio sets. The S designation also indicates that these radios use the same antenna as the main set with which they share a housing. For example, an S6 in the infantry would be a backup radio mounted inside a backpack or small vehicle. An S7 is a third-tier device intended as a replacement for both the S6 and the S8. Thus S6 through S8 represent successively higher levels of secondary communication equipment.
The first radio used by the U.S. Army was the Marconi Model 15, which was introduced in 1908. This was followed by the Model 10M, then the Model 16 during World War I. After the war, the Model 16 was improved and renamed the Standard Radio. The Standard Radio 12-250 was the most popular model used by American soldiers from its introduction in 1931 until it was replaced by the more advanced transistor radio in 1967.
The S6-Handles communications between nodal networks on separate vehicles.
An S3 is in charge of training all aspects of a battalion's operations. The S3 is in charge of operations planning when the unit is deployed. He is supposed to predict potential battle situations and develop standard operating procedures for dealing with these conflicts. The S3 also makes sure that his troops are properly trained in military skills such as driving vehicles, shooting guns, and handling medicine.
When there is no enemy around, an S3 will lead training exercises for his soldiers. This helps them learn new techniques and tactics while having fun at the same time. An S3 usually reports to a colonel or a lieutenant colonel. They can become generals if they get promoted to that rank.
There are three main types of positions within the army S3 office: executive officer (XO), first sergeant (FS), and second sergeant (SS). Each type has different duties but they all help lead their battalion in combat.
An XO is in charge of assisting the S3 by managing the daily activities of the company he is assigned to. This includes making sure everyone has what they need for battle and preparing for future missions. If there is no S3, then the XO would be in charge of leading training exercises or other duties as assigned.