The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) The Southern Baptist Convention is the biggest single Protestant denomination in the United States, accounting for one-tenth of all Protestants in the country. The SBC was founded in 1845 by a group of Baptists who were dissatisfied with the policies of their national organization at that time, the Association of Baptists. Today, the SBC has 16 million members worldwide and runs approximately 150 churches across the country.
The SBC's primary mission statement is "to lead people to Christ through teaching, discipling, and sending missionaries".
Within the United States, the SBC is the largest Baptist convention, accounting for about one-tenth of all baptists. Other significant Baptist groups include the American Baptist Churches USA, the Assemblies of God, the Church of the Saviour, the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, the Evangelical Baptist Church, the General Conference Baptist Church, the Great Plains Baptist Conference, the National Association of Evangelicals, the North Carolina Baptist Convention, the Presbyterian Church (USA), the Reformed Baptist Faith of America, the Religious Shrink Society, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, the Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, the Union Baptist International Church, and the Virginia Baptist Convention.
The National Baptist Convention USA, Inc. claims 7.5 million members from 31,000 churches worldwide, making it the biggest black religious organization in the United States. Formed in 1957 by a merger of several smaller black conventions, the convention is based in Nashville, Tennessee.
The National Association of Evangelicals estimates that 10 million people belong to Black Protestant denominations in America. The National Association of Black Churches says its membership reaches beyond the black community to include many Christians who identify with other minority groups, such as Latinos and Asians.
Black Protestants account for about 12 percent of all Americans. They are found mainly in the South and Midwest. In 2007, a survey conducted by the Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion & Public Life revealed that while no religion was identified by more than one-in-five blacks (21%), black Protestants were identified as having been born again in this country: 83% of black Protestants say they were born again, compared with 57% of white Protestants and 77% of Hispanic Protestants.
Born again refers to someone who has made a personal commitment to Jesus Christ and accepted him as their Savior. It is this same group that forms the majority of American evangelicalism.
Black Protestants have a long history of organizing themselves into regional and national bodies that promote common beliefs and actions.
The United States boasts the world's biggest Protestant population. Baptists make up around one-third of all Protestants in the United States. Since its inception, American Protestantism has been varied, with substantial numbers of early immigrants being Anglican, different Reformed, Lutheran, and Anabaptist. However, since the 19th century most Americans have identified as either Baptist or Methodist.
America was founded as a Christian nation. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights. They were designed to protect the rights of individuals from the government. One of these amendments prohibits the government from establishing any religion it is not already a part of.
In 1776, almost three years after the Declaration of Independence was signed, Congress passed an act to establish freedom of worship as a right of all citizens. This led to the creation of many churches across the country for those who wanted them. At the time, there were few other options for people who wanted religious freedom beyond the established churches.
These outbursts of religious enthusiasm involved people crying out for forgiveness, praying together, and experiencing emotional bursts of joy. They often began in small towns but could spread to larger cities. People traveled long distances to participate in these revivals.
Protestantism is the biggest Christian religion in the United States, with its combined denominations accounting for around 43 percent of the country's population (or 141 million people) in 2019. Protestantism is also the largest religion in Europe, Asia, and South America.
Denominations are administrative units within Protestantism that share similar beliefs and practices. There are several main divisions within Protestantism: Anglican/Episcopal, Baptist, Brethren/Mennonite, Calvinist/Reformed, Charismatic, Church of God, Congregational, Evangelical, Holiness, Independent, Mideasti-American Muslim Jewish Christian, Orthodox, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Reformed, Roman Catholic, Sudanese Episcopal, and Unitarian.
Each of these groups has its own set of rules and regulations that must be accepted by members in order to participate in their churches. For example, Baptists require church membership in order to attend services, while Roman Catholics do not. Members of certain denominations may have different requirements depending on how closely tied they feel towards the denomination; for example, Roman Catholics can join evangelical churches or charismatic movements without abandoning the faith or converting anyone else.