The main theology of the Assemblies of God (AG) is Protestant. It believes that redemption is through grace via faith alone in Christ, rather than through deeds. The Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) is a Protestant congregation. However, they do believe in the importance of good works.
Additionally, the AG teaches "personal independence" from God and man while the Cleveland Church of God teaches "unity" in Christ. The AG was founded by William Booth, an Anglican priest who came to the United States in 1872. He started the church in a small house in Springfield, Illinois. Today, there are more than 70,000 AG members worldwide with several churches across the United States.
The Cleveland Church of God was founded by Henry McNeal Turner, a former Methodist minister. He left the Methodist Church because he believed that their doctrine was becoming too liberal. In 1896, he began to preach a message of salvation by faith in Jesus Christ alone. His ministry attracted many people who were looking for a place where they could hear Bible teachings without being influenced by modern ideas. By 1907, he formed his own church in Cleveland, Tennessee. Today, there are fewer than 10,000 CG members worldwide with several churches in the United States and Canada.
Both the AG and the CG teach that men should be independent in keeping God's commandments.
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana), Christian association that considers itself a "reformation movement" among Christians rather than a church or sect; it accepts its label solely for identification. Formed in 1872 by George Anderson, who had left the Presbyterian Church due to differences with its leadership over slavery, the Church of God began as an independent denomination but was soon after joined by other churches and reformed societies within the Presbyterian tradition. The Church of God officially adopted the Westminster Confession of Faith in 1946 and the Book of Discipline in 1952.
George Anderson's goal in forming this new church was to create a community where Christians could live out their faith without being forced to accept any creed or set of doctrines beyond what is found in the Bible. Like many other Protestant churches at the time, the Church of God accepted the five solas (doctrines) of grace, scripture alone as divinely inspired, salvation through faith alone, eternal security of the saved, and unlimited atonement. However, unlike most other Protestants, the Church of God did not require adult baptism. Rather, anyone who wanted to become a member of the church was required to agree with the statement, "I believe the Bible is the Word of God, and I am willing to obey its instructions." This statement was all that was needed to commit someone to living a life of faithfulness to Jesus Christ.
According to the Assemblies of God, The Assemblies of God is a global network of Pentecostal congregations, a denomination that practices a form of Evangelical Christianity. Its head office is in Springfield, Missouri.
As an interdenominational fellowship of Christians, we are committed to the belief that there is one Lord, one faith, one baptism and that each individual is called by name and loved by God. Our goal is to spread this message of salvation through Jesus Christ so that people will be saved and go on to live life to its fullest extent possible with God.
As part of our mission, we have churches throughout the world. We believe that the church was established by God for the purpose of spreading the Good News about Jesus Christ. Without a doubt, our greatest need as Christians is not money or power but rather a close relationship with God through his son Jesus Christ.
Through our worldwide organizations, we strive to fulfill this mission by helping those in need, training leaders, and promoting justice and peace among all people.
We operate from the premise that the Bible is infallible and inerrant when interpreted using normal human understanding. This means that we believe the Bible is true in what it says and has the power to save people's souls.