The Maya were a Mexican and Central American indigenous tribe. Between around 1345 and 1521 CE, the Aztecs ruled much of northern Mesoamerica, whilst the Inca ruled ancient Peru between approximately 1345 and 1521 CE. The Incas did not establish a writing system; instead, their records were recorded on quipus, which were bundles of knotted ropes. The word "Inca" comes from the Quechua language term inca meaning "owner of a farm".
Aztec culture was based in what is now Mexico, while the Maya developed a sophisticated society in central and southern Mexico as well as in parts of Guatemala and Honduras. Both groups built impressive cities with sophisticated systems of public works, including canals and roads. They also used mathematics for calculating calendars, planning wars, and conducting trade.
In addition to these similarities, there are also important differences between the Maya and the Aztecs. First, the Maya were generally isolated from outside influences until they were conquered by the Spanish. By contrast, the Aztecs had contact with Europeans who arrived in Mexico City as early as 1487. Second, although both groups developed complex societies, the Maya were generally less warlike than the Aztecs.
Finally, the Incas were the only group within the great civilizations of pre-Columbian America who declined after the arrival of the Spanish.
Between around 1345 and 1521 CE, the Aztecs ruled much of northern Mesoamerica, and the Inca ruled ancient Peru between approximately 1400 and 1533 CE and spread over western South America. Although there is some debate about how distinct these cultures were from one another, most scholars consider them separate entities.
The Maya developed a complex society with an advanced system of writing that they used to keep records of their history and science. They also built many large structures in the form of pyramids and temples. The Aztecs on the other hand were more of a warrior culture who used their agricultural skills to create weapons and armor for war. They built huge cities with hundreds of thousands of people living together! It's said that during their annual ball games, the Aztecs would kill anyone who didn't win a match.
As for the Incas, they too were a warrior culture who used their agricultural skills to build weapons and armor for war. However, unlike the Aztecs, the Incas did not have any formal cities until they invaded Mexico almost 500 years after the Maya created their civilization. By then, the Aztecs had already developed a strong military alliance called "the Triple Alliance" which included the Mexicas (now known as Mexicans) and the Tlaxcaltecas (now known as Texcans).
In summary, the Maya arrived first and established themselves in modern-day Mexico. The Aztec came later but became very powerful and expanded their territory greatly during their reign. The last Inca ruler was executed by Spanish conquistadors in Peru in 1541.
These were two great civilizations that flourished in North America for hundreds of years before Europeans ever reached these places. Archaeologists have found evidence that parts of this area were inhabited as early as 10,000 years ago, so these people weren't very recent immigrants to North America.
In fact, archaeologists believe the ancestors of both the Mayans and the Incas may have come from south of the border into Central America. There they met other tribes who had also evolved into large societies with advanced technologies, so there was plenty of reason for these original settlers to be able to expand westward into empty lands.
Both the Mayans and the Incas are part of the larger group of indigenous peoples in the Americas known as "native Americans". There are many more tribes in North America than just these two, including the Iroquois, the Cheyenne, and the Navajo. In South America, there are more than 70 different nations comprised of several distinct ethnic groups.
The Mayans were native to Mexico and Central America, but the Aztecs ruled much of northern North America between 1345 and 1521 AD. The Incas, on the other hand, thrived in ancient Peru from 1400 and 1533 CE and spread over western South America.
These three great civilizations dominated their respective continents for many years until they were eventually conquered by Europeans. Today, only small traces of them remain.
The Mayans built numerous cities and extensive farming communities, some of which are still standing today. They also developed a unique writing system that is difficult to translate into English or any other language.
The Aztecs were one of the most powerful nations in pre-Columbian America, rising to power in 1478 after defeating another great civilization, the Toltecs. They controlled almost all of central Mexico at their peak. But like so many other civilizations, the Aztecs' empire soon fell due to internal wars and foreign attacks. Only remnants of their once great culture remain today.
In 1492, Spanish explorers arrived in the New World and were greatly impressed by the cultures they found. They returned home and told their people about these "new worlds" with advanced cultures and technology far beyond anything they knew. This news excited the people who wanted more than anything else to go abroad and trade with others like themselves. So, the European invasion began.
The Inca Empire (about 12th century – 1533 AD) We go south from Mexico and Central America to the Andes Mountains of Peru and Bolivia. Unlike the Mayas and Aztecs, the Incas did not have a writing system. But they were one of the most advanced civilizations in pre-modern times. The Incas built roads, bridges, and cities throughout their large empire. They also used the rainforest for farming and grazing land.
The Incas were a culture that originated in Colombia but later on they moved into northern Peru. The name "Inca" comes from the Aymara word inca meaning "original owner". Therefore, they called themselves "the original owners" or "the first people".
Although the Incas were from Colombia, they became very popular in Peru because they helped build up the country's economy by creating jobs for poor farmers who wanted to move away from subsistence farming. The Incas even created a form of currency that was used by traders traveling between Spain and America.
After the Spanish conquest in 1532, the Spanish adopted many aspects of the Incan culture. For example, they used some of the same names for days of the week as the Incas did. Saturday and Sunday are examples of this. So is Huari which is the language of the Incas.