What is the Electoral College National Archives?

What is the Electoral College National Archives?

The Electoral College is a procedure, not a physical location. The process consists of the electors being chosen (as required by Article II and the 12th Amendment to the Constitution), the electors assembling to vote for President and Vice President, and the electoral votes being counted by Congress. The National Archives has the documents related to the Election of 1800 which are held in confidence by an outside organization called the Election Commission.

How do you become an elector? There are two ways: by meeting specific requirements to serve as a "publicly declared candidate" for president or vice president or by receiving a letter from an official committee designated by your state's governor. If you are chosen as an elector, you must meet certain deadlines to remain at-large. If you fail to meet these deadlines, you would be eliminated from consideration and another elector would be selected in your place.

What happens if there is a dispute about who should get votes? In 2004, the Supreme Court ruled that disputes over votes in each state must be resolved by the states themselves. However, if a lawsuit is filed against the state by any candidate, then the election could be decided by the federal courts.

What happens if there is a dispute about how votes are counted? This issue was brought up in 2000 when Florida officials refused to certify the results of that state's count until after the deadline had passed.

Where does the Electoral College come from in the Constitution?

The Electoral College is a system devised by the Founding Fathers and codified in Article II, Section One of the United States Constitution that allocates electors to states based on the number of representatives each state sends to Congress. All things being equal, states with more members of Congress should have greater representation in the election of the President. The Founders established the Electoral College because they wanted to give all parts of America an equal voice in who would be elected President. They knew that large cities were going to be important for commerce but they also knew that people living in rural areas could not be ignored.

In addition to basing voting power on population, the founders also intended for votes to be weighted according to how much money you can afford to spend on elections. So if we want less money in politics, we need to rethink the way voters are allocated their electoral votes.

Here's how it works: Each state receives a number of electoral votes based on the number of senators and Representatives it has sent to Washington. So if California had been allowed to become its own country at the time of the founding, it would have received five electoral votes. If Alabama was still a territory, it would have only gotten three votes.

Each state's congressional districts are used to allocate its electoral votes. So if your state has 10 congressional districts, they will be awarded 10 electoral votes each.

What is the National Electoral College?

The United States Electoral College is a body of presidential electors called together every four years by the Constitution for the express purpose of choosing the president and vice president. The electors assemble and vote in December, and the president and vice president are sworn in in January.

Each state chooses a number of electors equal to the number of members of the Senate and House of Representatives it has. Thus, each state has a total number of electors equal to its congressional delegation plus two. Nebraska allows voters to select a number of electors equal to three, five, or seven. If no one wins a majority of votes nationwide, then the election goes to the House of Representatives. The Speaker of the House selects one of the candidates (either Democrat or Republican) as the winner based on how many states they won.

The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers to ensure that the people would have an indirect influence on who becomes president. They believed that voting was not enough of a responsibility to warrant giving voters the power to elect the president. Instead, they created an institution where the people could have some say in who their leader would be.

The idea of having an electoral college came about because at the time there were no political parties. All voters were expected to support either John Adams or Thomas Jefferson as president.

What document created the Electoral College?

The Electoral College, which is established in Article II, Section 1 of the United States Constitution, is the official body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States. The number of electors each state is granted depends on how many members it has in Congress. As of 2017, states are guaranteed a total of 538 electors, with winners going to the House of Representatives until 1836 when they went to the Senate instead.

The Constitution provides for election of the President by a majority vote of those people who participate in the election (a majority of votes cast), or, if no person receives a majority, by the House of Representatives (or its equivalent). The Twelfth Amendment provides for election of the Vice President by the Senate, but only if the office is not filled by election of the President. The Constitution does not provide for election of the Vice President by anything other than the Senate; however, several amendments have been proposed regarding how the Vice President is chosen (e.g., direct election, by national convention, etc.).

The President and Vice President are elected on the same day, which is Election Day. Before 1787, elections were held on different days throughout the year.

Which two offices are elected by the Electoral College?

Each state has the same number of electors, based on its congressional delegation: a state receives three electors for each senator it has, plus two more votes for each member of the House of Representatives. If a state does not have enough representatives to award all its electors, they are awarded to the winner with the most votes in that state. The 2000 election was the first in which voters had the option of voting for multiple candidates, resulting in many more votes being cast than there were seats available in the Electoral College.

The Electoral College was designed by the founders in order to balance out the power between large states and small states, since at the time most states had small populations. In addition, the electoral college forces members of the national legislature to be citizens of the country they are representing; this prevents foreign governments from having an influence over American elections. Although the presidency is not directly elected, the office requires extensive travel throughout the nation and world, so someone needs to be responsible for deciding who can make such trips. The Electoral College also ensures that no one person can dominate politics to such an extent that their interests will overshadow those of the nation as a whole.

What is the United States' electoral system?

Each state receives a particular number of electors under the Electoral College system depending on the number of representatives it has in Congress. Following the general election, each elector casts one electoral vote, for a total of 538 electoral votes. The candidate that receives more than half of the votes (270) wins the election. If no single candidate gets a majority, then the House of Representatives chooses the president.

Every five years all states conduct their own elections. Voters go to the polls on Election Day and decide who they want to represent them in the Senate and the House of Representatives. Winners are declared at 7:00 p.m. EST on the night of the election. All federal offices other than the presidency become vacant at midnight on January 3rd following a death, resignation, or loss in an election. The president-elect must be sworn in by January 20th of the first year of his/her term.

The president can serve no more than two consecutive terms. In order to be eligible for re-election, a president must have a minimum of 1 year left in his or her current term when elected again. If a president dies in office or is removed from office through impeachment, then the vice president becomes acting president until a successor is confirmed by voters.

About Article Author

Catherine Lewis

Catherine Lewis has been a journalist for over 15 years. She's covered everything from crime to politics to pop culture. She's got the ability to tell a story in a way that's engaging and easy to understand, which helps her readers get the information they need without feeling bored or overloaded with information.

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