"Lots" English Feast of Lots, a joyful Jewish celebration honoring the survival of Jews who were designated for death by their Persian overlords in the 5th century BC. The biblical Book of Esther tells the story. As soon as the king sees Esther he orders that she be brought in to sit at his right hand, which is the most important position in the kingdom. This marks the beginning of a process by which Esther unites the people behind their new queen.
Purim is celebrated on the day before Adar I (February 12-13 this year). It is also known as "The Festival of Lots" and "The Book of Ahasuerus."
According to the Talmud (Shabbat 25a), King Ahasuerus ordered that all the Jews be executed except for those thirty-three individuals whom he had reserved for himself. But the Jews took the matter into their own hands and assassinated them all, which is why we celebrate Purim on the fifteenth of Adar.
Purim, which literally means "lots" and is also known as the Feast of Lots, is a Jewish holiday commemorating the salvation of Jews from persecution in the ancient Persian Empire. The story begins with the evil king Xerxes ordering the extermination of all Jews in the empire. However, a divine intervention saves the Jews through the bravery of Queen Esther, a Jewess who becomes queen after the death of her cousin King Xerxes. As soon as she takes the throne, she demands to see the king to plead for the lives of the Jews. An agreement is made by which the Jews will be spared if they can find a way to destroy their enemy, the Greeks. They do so by disguising themselves as women and wearing extravagant costumes during a banquet held in honor of the king. Because of this, it is said that Purim is a day when Jews all over the world wear costumes to celebrate our freedom.
Purim is one of the few holidays where men and women participate in many activities together. This is because many aspects of the holiday relate to romance, including dressing up in costume and reading passages from the Torah. Men read from a book called the Megillath Yonah ("the Book of Judgment"), while women listen to the stories told by their partners. Then both men and women get dressed up in costume and go out together to party.
Haman drew lots (thus the holiday's name) to select the date on which he would carry out his plan: the 13th of Adar. The lottery induced him to celebrate the day with wine and food, which was forbidden by law during wartime. As it happened, he drank too much and fell asleep in front of the fire, where he burned himself to death.
Haman's lot determined that the Jews should be spared for now, but this opportunity would not last long—in fact, only three days. So the Jews agreed to go into hiding for the next year until after the war with Persia was over.
During this time, they would abstain from doing any kind of work on the day of Purim. This was to make sure that God did not destroy the evil kingdom of Ahasuerus at the end of the war. Instead, He saved His people through what we know today as Purim.
As for those who had been chosen above their will to survive... well, they were eventually found by the king's men and hanged on the gallows they had prepared for the enemy troops. Although this occurred before the war's end, it is still remembered on Purim as a precedent never to disobey the will of God.
Purim, "lots," from the word pvr, "pur," translated as "lot" in the Book of Esther, possibly related to Akkadian puru, "stone, urn"; also known as the Festival of Lots, is a Jewish holiday commemorating the rescue of the Jewish people from Haman, an Achaemenid Persian Empire official who planned to kill...
Purim is called the Feast of Lots because it was on this day that King Ahasuerus ordered his officials to cast lots to determine whether or not they should go through with Haman's plan to destroy the Jews. The lot that came up for voting was the same for every person; therefore, it is reasonable to assume that each one had an equal chance of being selected. When the list of eligible people had been drawn up, it was found that all of the Jews were listed except for Queen Esther. She was added at the last minute because the king wanted to include someone besides his officials in what would be a very important decision.
According to the Book of Esther, upon hearing of Mordecai's refusal to bow down to him, Haman commanded his men to put him to death. However, since it was the Day of Lot, everyone including Haman was required by law to vote on any matter before them. The lot fell on Mordecai, who was then taken into exile along with other prominent Jews.