The Aaronic order's offices are bishop, priest, teacher, and deacon. The laying on of hands by two or more persons holding at least the office being awarded, while one acts as the voice in bestowing the priesthood or office and generally pronounces a benediction upon the recipient, is the way of ordination. Those receiving this anointing become priests or bishops.
The Moses order's offices are elder, pastor, prophet, and king. Those receiving this anointing become elders, pastors, or prophets.
The Jesus order's offices are evangelist, shepherd, doctor, and servant. Those receiving this anointing become evangelists, shepherds, or doctors.
The Holy Spirit order's offices are prayer warrior, minister, priest, and witness.
The Aaronic Priesthood has four offices: deacon, teacher, priest, and bishop. Each office has its own set of duties and responsibilities. Each quorum is presided over by a quorum president, who teaches the members their responsibilities and assigns them tasks.
Deacons are priests who serve in congregations that have only lay leaders. They may work with the pastor on a variety of issues including ministry planning and execution, special events, outreach activities, and more. In most cases, deacons do not have direct contact with parishioners but work through their pastors or other church leaders.
Teachers conduct lessons and classes for young adults and children, respectively. Teachers usually receive training before they begin teaching in the church's primary schools. They may also be assigned to teach adults during weekly seminars or other workshops related to religion or spirituality.
Priests are ministers of the church who conduct religious ceremonies and respond to requests for blessings from the sick, grieving, and others seeking help from God. Priests are expected to live up to a strict code of conduct and to undergo rigorous training before being ordained.
Bishops lead churches congregation-wide and are responsible for the spiritual well-being of their flocks. They often have a special focus within their wards (ecclesiastical districts) to promote growth in faith and knowledge about Jesus Christ.
The priesthood holder who administers the ordination then addresses the individual by his full name. It specifies the authority under which the ordination is carried out (Aaronic or Melchizedek Priesthood). Unless the Aaronic or Melchizedek Priesthood has previously been given, bestows the Aaronic or Melchizedek Priesthood.
After receiving the authority, the priestly minister presides over the candidate's oath or affirmation and pronounces him or her ready for a call to serve in the church. The ordainer then anoints the person with oil.
The role of the ordained minister is both ceremonial and practical. During the ceremony he/she serves as a witness that the person being ordained is indeed calling upon God to accept their service. In addition, the ordained minister is responsible for providing guidance and support as the person learns what it means to be a priest or priestess. This may include teaching classes, leading prayers, and performing other duties as assigned by the church leadership.
Once ordained, a person can only be removed from their position through death or disqualification. Disqualification can occur if they engage in serious misconduct such as sexual abuse or adultery. If such action is not taken against a person, they will always be considered eligible for another opportunity to serve.
The word "ordain" comes from the Latin ordo meaning "a rank or grade". Thus, someone is ordained into a particular position within the church hierarchy.
Ordination is one of the seven sacraments, which are also known as holy orders or cheirotonia ("Laying on of Hands"). The ordination of a bishop is carried out by multiple bishops, whereas the ordination of a priest or deacon is carried out by a single bishop. A consecration is also used to describe the ordination of a new bishop. Consecrations are usually but not always performed in conjunction with an ordination ceremony.
Episcopal ordination is the term given to the act of laying on of hands for the purpose of conferring the office of a bishop. It is one of the three orders essential to the function of a bishop (the others being presbyterium, which refers to the exercise of pastoral care, and diaconate, which refers to the service of the church outside the sanctuary).
The word "episcopal" comes from the Greek ekklesia, meaning "outcall," because during ancient times bishops were called before the crowds to make public announcements about what would take place at certain seasons or during religious ceremonies.
In the early Church, bishops were often chosen by the local congregation and ordained by other bishops who had been sent by their churches. As time went on, however, it became customary for a bishop to be appointed by the local Christian community and then ordained by other bishops representing more widespread interests within the Church. This process evolved into the system we have today where every diocese has its own method of selecting and appointing bishops.
Deacon, presbyter, and bishop are the three "degrees" of ordination (or holy orders). A deacon is a clergy member who serves in some of the minor offices of the church, such as serving at a worship service or preaching a sermon. A priest is a clergy person who serves in one of the major offices of the church. A bishop is the head of a local church or diocese.
Each degree has different requirements for eligibility. In general, anyone over the age of 18 can be ordained to any of these three degrees. However, in most cases, people will be ordained to a specific degree based on their current position within the church and their desired future role. For example, someone who is seeking a parish job might be ordained a deacon, while someone who is interested in leadership work might be ordained a presbyter or a bishop.
In addition to these three degrees, there are also several other categories of ordained ministry. These include associate pastors, chaplains, cross-cultural ministers, elders, evangelists, fellowships/community leaders, missionaries, priests, reverends, seminary students, shepherds, teachers, and widows. Some of these titles may be used interchangeably, while others have specific meanings within particular churches or Christian groups.