Though Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Indonesia, the government officially acknowledges six separate faiths: Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
According to the 2010 census, more than 90 percent of Indonesians are Muslim, but this figure does not take into account those who practice another religion alongside Islam. Many Indonesian people are Christian or Buddhist as a result of past conversions or because they continue to have connections with their native religions.
Conversions to Christianity from Islam were common during the Portuguese era, when Europeans arrived to trade in Indonesia. The Dutch followed with the introduction of slavery, which was banned in 1826. After this point, conversion to Christianity became less common although it still occurs today.
There has been a rise in the number of Hindus in Indonesia since 1990, when communal violence broke out after the death of a religious leader. This conflict killed over 1,000 people and caused 200,000 refugees.
After these events, many new temples were built and many old ones restored. Today, there are about 5 million Hindus in Indonesia.
Buddhism is the largest non-Christian religion in Indonesia, with 25 million Buddhists.
Despite its overwhelming Muslim population, Indonesia is not an Islamic state; rather, it is a constitutionally secular state whose government officially recognizes six distinct faiths. In practice, this means that individuals can choose how they want to worship without being discriminated against by the government. The majority of Indonesians are Muslim, but many also follow other religions or believe in something non-religious.
For those who live in predominantly Muslim countries, it is important to understand that the concept of "strict Islam" does not exist. There are isolated cases of abuse of religious freedom, but these are limited to a few individuals rather than representing any sort of trend.
In conclusion, Islam in Indonesia is based on personal choice and tolerance towards others, which is not the case with many religions around the world.
Religion, economy, and politics in Indonesia are 9.87 percent Christian, 1.69 percent Hindu, 0.72 percent Buddhist, and 0.56 percent other faiths. Although the Indonesian constitution guarantees religious freedom, the government only recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.
Indonesia's population of 250 million people is made up of many different ethnic groups with different customs, traditions, and religions. The major ethnic groups are the Javanese, Malay, Batak, Chinese, Indian, European (predominantly German), and Arab. Of these groups, the Javanese are a Muslim people while the others are mostly Hindus or Buddhists. In addition, there are small numbers of Christians, Jews, and members of other religions.
According to the 2010 census, approximately 90 percent of Indonesians are Muslim, 3 percent are Christian, and 5 percent follow other beliefs or have no religion at all.
Although most Indonesian citizens are Muslim, this does not mean that everyone who is Muslim should be allowed to go to heaven when they die. Only those who accept Jesus Christ as their personal savior will be saved when they cross the eternal barrier called hell.
The majority of Indonesians are Sunni but there are also large numbers of Shia Muslims in particular in the Indonesian province of Sumatra.
The Indonesian constitution allows for certain religious freedom. The government largely supports religious freedom for Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism, which are the six officially recognized religions. There is no official religion in Indonesia.
However, there are factors that may affect your access to religious freedom in Indonesia. For example, if you are a non-Muslim living in a Muslim country, you can expect limitations on your rights as a secular citizen. Similarly, if you are a Christian in a predominantly Buddhist nation or a Hindu in a predominantly Christian country, you will not be able to exercise your religion freely. You should know the rules of the game before you play.
In practice, many problems may arise with regards to your right to free worship. For example, churches must get permission from local authorities to open or convert buildings into places of worship, and they cannot force others to participate in any way in their activities. Additionally, Muslims are often pressured to attend church services against their will. If you experience these types of issues, contact Human Rights Watch immediately so that we can take action.
Indonesia is an extremely diverse country with more than 250 distinct languages being spoken across its 17,508 km2 territory. However, despite this diversity, all citizens have equal rights before the law.
Though it outlaws atheism (Pancasila, Indonesia's dominant philosophy, requires believing in one God), it protects Indonesians' freedom "to worship according to their own faith or belief." Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism are the six official faiths of Indonesia. Approximately 90 percent of the population is Muslim, 7 percent Christian, and 3 percent other religions or non-religious.
Indonesia was originally part of the Dutch Empire until 1949 when it became a republic. It is a highly religious country with more than 100 million people, most of whom are Muslim. According to the CIA World Factbook, approximately 95% of the population is Muslim, 2% Christian, and 1% other religions or unaffiliated.
According to the United States Department of State, both Indonesian law and custom protect religious freedom. The Government generally respects religious practices and beliefs of its citizens, but there have been reports that security forces interfered with religious activities within Indonesia during elections and special events.
There are an estimated 250,000 Christians in Indonesia who face discrimination in employment, education, and health care. Violence against Christians has increased since 2004 when Islamic groups gained power in the government after voting in a controversial president. The head of state can only be elected for two five-year terms and may not serve another term if he or she holds any other public office including the presidency.
According to the most recent population census statistics, 87 percent of Indonesians identified themselves to be Muslim, followed by 9.87 percent who declared themselves to be Christian. The Indonesian constitution provides religious freedom and recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism as official religions.
However, many areas of Indonesia have different demographics with respect to their religious beliefs. In predominantly Islamic regions such as Sumatra, Java, and Maluku many people practice a form of traditional Islam called "nontraditional Islam"; on the other hand, in Christian communities such as West Papua and Sulawesi many people are Protestants or Catholics.
Indonesia has a long history of religious conflict that has resulted in numerous acts of violence against individuals and groups because of their religious beliefs. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, between 1550 and 1599, thousands were killed in the bloodiest episode of mass murder in Christianity's dark days. The Dutch invasion in 1641 and the subsequent establishment of the secular Republic of Indonesia has only served to fuel these conflicts further. Today, moderate Muslims and Christians live side-by-side in peace despite these efforts to divide them up.