The National Security Council (NSC) is the primary venue for the Philippine President to discuss national security and foreign policy issues with his senior national security advisers and cabinet members. Commonwealth Act No. 1 is the basic policy foundation of the Republic of the Philippines' national security program. The NSC was established by President Ramon Magsaysay on August 2, 1953.
Its functions are:
To develop a comprehensive national security plan that addresses internal threats as well as external dangers;
To obtain funds from other government agencies to carry out its programs and activities;
To coordinate the efforts of various government agencies in addressing national security concerns; and
To approve budgets of such agencies.
The NSC is composed of the president as chairman and other members appointed by the president. Currently, there are five members of the council. Two are assigned by the president while the others are nominated by the leader of the majority party in Congress and confirmed by the Senate. All members are required to be civilians who are not under indictment for any crime and are citizens of the Philippines. A member may not be an elected official or hold any public office during their term.
The NSC meets at least once a week, usually on Thursday mornings, to discuss important national security issues before making decisions on these matters.
National Security Advisory Council The United Kingdom's National Security Council (NSC) is a Cabinet Committee entrusted with monitoring all topics including national security, intelligence coordination, and defense planning. It was established by Harold Wilson in 1968 when he became prime minister for a third term. He formed the NSC to replace the Defence Policy Board which had been set up by Alec Douglas-Home after he became prime minister following Wilson's first two terms. The NSC meets once per week, usually on Thursday mornings, to discuss major policy issues before making recommendations to the prime minister.
Members of the NSC are the prime minister; the leaders of both houses of Parliament; the chancellor of the exchequer; the secretaries of state for foreign and domestic affairs; the home secretary; the defence secretary; the business secretary; the president of the European Commission; and the chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee. Other members include the director of GCHQ and other senior officials as required by issue. The NSC meets in private but may also make public statements through press releases or media interviews with the prime minister.
In addition to making policy decisions, the NSC reviews and approves key documents drawn up by government departments and agencies relating to national security. These include annual reports from ministers outlining their departments' activities and plans for future development.
The National Security Council (NSC) is a United States organization within the Executive Office of the President that was founded by the National Security Act in 1947 to assist the president on domestic, international, and military national security policy. The NSC is composed of the president, the vice president, and members who are appointed by the president to help him make national security decisions.
Its purpose is to provide the president with a confidential channel to discuss sensitive issues relating to national security. The act that established the council also gave it authority to determine what information about such matters is appropriate for public release and how it should be released. This allows the president to keep certain decisions secret from the public while still getting informed advice from those he trusts.
In addition to the president and vice president, other members of the NSC include:
The secretary of state, who is required by law to be an ex-officio member of the NSC. However there is no statutory requirement for the president to consult with the secretary before forming his own opinions on foreign policy issues. Although not legally permitted to vote, the secretaries influence can be great due to their position within the government and their close relationship with the president.
The secretary of defense, who is required by law to be an ex-officio member of the NSC.
Director-General The NSC secretariat is a permanent organization that offers technical assistance to the council itself. The Director-General and the National Security Adviser lead it. National Security Advisory Council (Philippines)
|Agency executives||President Rodrigo Duterte (Chairman) Sec. Hermogenes Esperon (National Security Adviser and Director-General)|
Structure of the organization The National Security Council (NSC) is the ultimate body in India's three-tiered national security management system. The Strategic Policy Group and the National Security Advisory Board are the other two layers. The Strategic Policy Group is the first level of the National Security Council's three-tier organization. It makes policy recommendations to the Prime Minister. The group is chaired by the Prime Minister and includes members from different ministries and intelligence agencies. Members are appointed by the Prime Minister after recommendation by the Chief Justice of India. They may not be officers of the Indian Armed Forces.
The NSC meets at least once a week, usually on a Tuesday morning. The President or the Vice-President can call a meeting at any time. However, it is usually only necessary to convene the NSC when major national security issues are involved.
In addition to the Prime Minister, other key players include the Minister of Defence, the Minister of External Affairs, the Secretary of the Ministry of Defence (or the corresponding officer in other departments), and the Director General of Intelligence. Other participants include officials from various ministries and departments, as well as representatives from international organizations with which India has cooperation agreements. Experts from various fields also provide input into the NSC process.
Currently, all meetings of the NSC are videographed. After the meeting has ended, the video recording is made available to the public through an online portal created for this purpose.
The NSC/PCCs will be the primary fora for interagency coordination of national security policy on a daily basis. Each NSC/PCC must have representatives from the executive departments, offices, and agencies represented in the NSC/DC. The NSC also may include members not directly serving in the federal government who are deemed important to the development of national security policy. Additionally, the DCNF can invite individuals or organizations to join an NSC/PCC as nonvoting observers. Currently, only one organization has been granted this status -- the Carter Center.
How do we know it's not just another White House staff meeting? It isn't! Members of the NSC/PCC will not attend any other meetings or events while serving on these committees. This ensures that their time is fully available for work on national security issues.
Who decides who goes on these committees? In theory, the president should appoint all members of the NSC/PCC. However, given the nature of these positions, it is likely that key players within the U.S. government will seek to influence who gets appointed to them. These players could include foreign governments, political parties, businesses, advocacy groups, and more.