What is the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review?

What is the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review?

The Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) is the Department of Homeland Security's capstone strategy document, which is mandated by law to be revised every four years. The paper makes long-term strategy and priority recommendations for homeland security. It was last updated in January 2009.

Key elements of the QHSR include:

A national security framework that addresses both natural and man-made threats to our safety and security.

A plan for improving the government's ability to prevent terrorism.

An assessment of how well states are doing at preventing crime and violence.

Recommendations for new legislation.

Policy statements on issues such as border security, information sharing, and immigration enforcement.

The QHSR is developed through a rigorous interagency process that involves representatives from all seven DHS agencies. The process begins with drafting agency-specific strategies that are then integrated into a single document for review by senior officials within DHS. The QHSR will serve as the basis for guiding resource allocations across the department and identifying gaps in coverage where additional resources are needed.

Which US department is in charge of border security?

The Department of Homeland Security of the United States government oversees all matters related to immigration and nationality. The department was created by Congress in 2002 after the September 11 attacks.

DHS includes four main agencies: Customs and Border Protection, which deals with patrolling the borders of the United States and enforcing immigration laws; Immigration and Naturalization Service, which used to be a separate agency before it was merged into DHS in 2003; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, which handles applications for visas and other documents needed by foreigners wanting to enter the United States; and Federal Protective Service, which guards federal buildings.

In addition, the Office of Management and Budget coordinates policy between the White House and Congress on issues such as immigration law. It also manages the budget of the DHS.

There are about 22,000 border patrol agents who make sure that people entering the country legally do so and that illegal aliens aren't allowed to stay. They work for CBP and there are about 5,500 more customs officers who check imports and exports through U.S. ports of entry.

What did the National Strategy for Homeland Security, a 2002 publication, do?

This is the nation's first National Strategy for Homeland Security. The strategy's goal is to mobilize and organize our nation in order to protect the United States against terrorist assaults. It sets forth a comprehensive national security plan that integrates efforts across government agencies, including DHS components, and outside organizations that work with us to keep us safe.

How will it do this? By focusing on five areas of concern: people, process, technology, infrastructure, and partnerships.

People - This area of concern focuses on how we can best identify and select employees who are most likely to commit acts of terrorism and prevent them from doing so. Potential solutions include screening applicants for past conduct issues, such as arrests or convictions, and requiring current employees to consent to searches of their personal belongings.

Process - The second area of concern deals with improving processes used by federal agencies to review applications for security clearances. Suggested solutions include developing standardized criteria for evaluating potential threats to security; and training personnel at all levels of government on how to properly review these applications.

Technology - The third area of concern involves enhancing the use of information technology to prevent attacks based on knowledge, intent, capability, and organizational vulnerability.

What is the main focus of Homeland Security?

The purpose of the Department of Homeland Security is vast and diversified, encompassing everything from counterterrorism to maritime and border security, from protecting our national leaders to coordinating the federal government's response to natural catastrophes. The department was created after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on America when President George W. Bush signed into law the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

Since then, its role has expanded even more to include cybersecurity, immigration, customs, trade, transportation, and energy security. The department employs over 240,000 people and spends about $70 billion annually. It also has 10 executive departments and agencies that work with it directly or through sub-contractors.

Homeland Security covers a wide range of issues including terrorism and international crime but it also includes environmental disasters like floods and earthquakes as well as other types of civil unrest such as labor disputes and riots.

The department was created after 9/11 when Congress realized that we needed one agency to handle all domestic security issues including terrorism, crime, and natural disasters. Before this act, each agency had its own mission regarding homeland security including military defense, transportation, agriculture, etc. This act created a single department that can coordinate all these efforts under one roof.

Who provides for public safety?

The United States Department of Homeland Security is the federal-level department of public safety in the United States, responsible for federal oversight of major catastrophe emergency services through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). FEMA's role is to support all states and their communities to ensure that they are prepared for, and respond effectively during, disasters.

FEMA funds preparedness programs in cooperation with state and local governments. These programs aim to reduce disaster risk by making buildings more resilient and improving response capabilities.

Additionally, many cities have police departments or other first responders that provide security on a citywide basis. Not all police officers work for the municipal government, but they still help protect people from harm. The Department of Defense (DoD) is the largest employer of police officers, followed by the private sector. State and local police departments tend to be smaller employers.

All levels of government play a role in public safety. In addition to federal, state, and local agencies, there are also non-governmental organizations that provide protection across the country. These include fire departments, which are organized into unions or associations that negotiate benefits and working conditions with local officials. They also include crime laboratories that research and develop forensic science practices.

About Article Author

Lois Bolden

Lois Bolden has been an international journalist for over 15 years. She has covered topics such as geopolitics, energy, environment and development as well as human rights. She is now living in the US where she focuses on covering immigration issues and other hot-topic issues that involve the US in foreign affairs.

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