126 feet in length. It is roughly 19" tall, with 242 columns, 61 panels, and is 126 feet long, and is made of contemporary nested wood rollers that are bronze-gilt on the surface. In 1907, the fourth Torah scroll was written in Morocco. On 157 panels, the text is written in 264 columns with 42 rows each column. It is estimated to be worth about $1 million today.
The word "torah" means "instruction" or "law." The term refers to the first five books of the Bible, which are collectively called the Pentateuch (five scrolls). These books were given by God to Moses over many years, through a series of miracles, and then finally delivered directly from Heaven at Mount Sinai.
The story of the Israelites' escape from Egypt, their journey through the wilderness, and their arrival at the promised land is told in the book of Exodus. Today, most Jews regard this book as the primary source for the information about Moses and the desert wanderings contained in the Torah.
After the death of Moses, no new Torah scrolls were produced for nearly 200 years because there were no prophets to continue his work. However, in A.D. 68, after the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple by the Romans, a prophet named Haggai arrived from Babylon with the idea of rebuilding the temple. He encouraged the people to get back to work on the project and also promised them a new Torah if they did so.
Because a Torah is fully handwritten, each of the 304,805 letters is inscribed with a quill and specially produced ink, the procedure takes approximately a year. The Torah is constructed from numerous sheets of parchment that are sewed together to form a very lengthy scroll. Each letter is formed by handwriting on one side of a piece of paper (the vav or waw letter), then turning it over and repeating the process on the other side. The two sides are then sewn together to create a single sheet, which is then folded in half to make four pages. These pages are then attached to the front and back covers, which are also made of parchment.
In modern times, the job of writing the Torah is divided between several individuals. A scribe is responsible for writing all of the words of the Torah except for certain passages that must be read aloud by a rabbi.
The word "Torah" comes from the Hebrew verb "to teach". It has been said that the Torah is all knowledge that has been taught from generation to generation of Jews. The first five books of the Bible are called the Pentateuch or five books of instruction because they contain information about how to live as a Jew in order to reach immortality after death. The remaining books of the Bible are called "Teaching's" because they contain instructions on how to live as a human being in order to achieve happiness here on earth.
The parashah is the longest of the weekly Torah sections in the book of Exodus (but not the longest in the Torah, which is Naso), with 7,424 Hebrew letters, 2,002 Hebrew words, 139 verses, and 245 lines on a Torah scroll (Sefer Torah). It has been estimated that it would take more than 3,000 years to read through the entire section if one were to read it slowly but accurately.
The first two chapters are called "Parashat Teruma" ("the second set of statutes"), because they repeat much of the law contained in the first two chapters. Many believe that this repetition was important for teaching the people the law thoroughly and ensuring that they would understand its contents.
According to some opinions, the parashah deals with laws pertaining to priests and sacrifices. The priests were responsible for presenting offerings at the altar during worship services and offering regular sacrifices as part of their duties. These sacrifices served as symbols marking the relationship between God and His people and could only be offered by someone who had reached the age of majority (13 years old for boys and 12 years old for girls). If a person died before reaching the age of majority, then his or her parents would have to pay a large amount of money so a priest could offer a sacrifice over their body.
Other opinions state that the parashah focuses on religious duties and obligations.
Exodus 30:11-34:35 is the text of the parashah.
It records the commandments given to Moses on Mount Sinai before the Jews entered Canaan. The first three commandments are considered fundamental to human morality and are always listed together as the "Ten Commandments".
The fourth commandment prohibits making any form of idol worship and includes a detailed description of what constitutes an acceptable form of worship for Israel. It concludes by saying that no one may serve two masters - i.e., he or she cannot serve God and money.
The fifth commandment teaches people how to relate to one another in a civil society. It tells Jews not to take revenge against their enemies but rather to let God deal with them. This command also contains within it the concept of free will; if someone has done us harm, we are allowed to seek retribution, but only after considering other options such as peaceful negotiations.
The sixth commandment deals with issues of property ownership. It instructs Jews not to steal. This command also includes an important principle regarding business practices - if someone wants to do something illegal, they have the right to do so, but only if there is a chance of getting caught.