Many Latin American countries required a long time to recover economically and socially as a result of these styles of administration. Then there are the locations in Latin America where the consequences of these sorts of governments may still be felt, such as Vietnam. The term is also used to describe some political systems in Africa and Asia that are similar to it.
In general terms, it can be said that Latin American governments were typically based on a strong presidency with extensive powers. They tended to take a backward look by using outdated methods that had been effective in the past but not in modern society. These methods included: authoritarian leadership; one-party rule; repression against opponents; international isolation; and acceptance of help only from stronger nations.
The most important aspect of this type of government is its absolute power which allows a single person to hold all the major positions in the government. This type of system is often called a "monarchic" system (after the monarchy was the favorite form of government for many countries). Other names that have been used include presidential republic, constitutional monarchies, and semi-presidential regimes.
These types of systems were common in Latin America between 1825 and 1975. Since then, only two countries have used them: Nicaragua and Venezuela.
The employment of the presidential system of democratic administration was one institutional trait shared by all 15 transitional nations, as well as Colombia, Costa Rica, and Venezuela.
After several years of internal tranquility that seemed to persist, we observe a rapid return to the conflicts of the past practically everywhere in Latin America. This is owing to a well-defined inclination toward dictatorship as a form of governance, rather than to spontaneous chaos or conflicting factions.
Latin American states have taken many pathways of progress since 1945. Military dictators in various nations have preserved political stability while initiating economic and social transformations. Several countries, including Cuba, have employed Marxist revolutions to establish new political, economic, and social regimes. Other nations have pursued more conservative paths to development. In general, Latin America has made moderate but steady progress toward greater economic opportunity, better health care, and an increased quality of life for their populations.
How have these changes affected society? Since 1945, Latin American nations have made great strides in improving living standards for their people. Social programs such as education and health care have become available to larger percentages of the population. In some cases, such as with Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico, these programs are widely regarded as best in the world.
In addition to social programs, many Latin American countries have enacted laws to protect workers' rights. For example, most nations have strict limits on how long a worker can be expected to perform dangerous tasks without proper protection. Many countries also provide sick leave and other benefits, which are not always present in Europe or the United States.
Since 1945, most Latin American nations have been dominated by several large companies that operate under national governments. These multinationals produce commodities like oil, minerals, food, and fiber. They also conduct trade with other countries, including Europe and the United States.
Why did Latin America's new states struggle to establish stable governments? They had difficulty establishing stable governments because limitations like as deserts and mountains impeded communication between nations. When Latin American countries failed not fulfill their debts, foreign governments threatened them.
Stable governments are important for developing countries like Latin America because they allow for economic growth and development of society. Countries that are able to develop a strong government system are more likely to be successful than others.
The study of why some countries succeed in establishing stable governments while others don't lies within the realm of political science. There are many factors that may prevent a country from forming a stable government. A common factor is the lack of experience of those responsible for drafting a nation's constitution. If the founders of the government are not experienced in making decisions under stress, then the government will probably not be effective either.
Some countries that have tried but failed to establish stable governments include Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. The following pages describe how each country's attempt at creating a stable government came about.