Hungary has made several contributions to folk, popular, and classical music. Hungarian folk music is an important component of Hungarian culture and continues to play an important role in Hungarian music. It is also prevalent in the Szabolcs-Szatmar region and the southwest region of Transdanubia. The classic music of Hungary includes works by Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, and Ludwig van Beethoven.
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Hungarian folk music is an important component of Hungarian culture and continues to play an important role in Hungarian music. Hungarian folk music has had an impact on neighboring countries such as Romania, Slovakia, and Poland, particularly in southern Slovakia and the Romanian province of Transylvania, both of which have a considerable Hungarian population.
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A German variety, for example, may display features of German folk music, but its Czech Republic equivalent, while recognizably similar, will adopt stylistic qualities of Czech folk music. The internal connections of folk cultures' repertoires appear to differ widely. For example, English and Irish traditional songs share many similarities, but they also have significant differences.
Folk music is mostly made up of song. It can include dances too, but these are usually separate pieces of music that are related to a song. Song forms vary from culture to culture and over time within a single culture. In general terms, folk songs fall into one of three categories: popular, religious, or art.
Popular songs are those that people want to sing loudly in public, such as "Yankee Doodle". They often make fun of someone or something, like "Hail, the Haymaker's Coming!" or "Old Joe Clark, he ain't what he used to be". People tell stories with songs; some examples are "Mary Ann", "The Wabash Cannon Ball" and "Oh Susanna!". Some popular songs are about love, such as "Greensleeves" and "Three Things". Popular songs can be sacred or profane. Sacred songs are ones that are supposed to be sung at religious services, like "Gloria" or "Prayer for Peace".
Hungary's most important contribution to the worldwide field of European classical music is probably Franz Liszt, a renowned pianist in his own time and a well-regarded composer of 19 Hungarian Rhapsodies and a number of symphonic poems such as Les Préludes.
Other notable composers from Hungary include Johann Sebastian Bach's assistant and successor as organist at St. Thomas Church, Leipzig, Georg Böhm (1646–1705), who was a prolific composer of church music and instrumental pieces including concertos; András Jeleskovic (1667–1736), one of the leading composers of his time in Hungary; and Joseph Haydn, who lived in Vienna for most of his life but traveled frequently to London and Budapest to give concerts.
Today, there are many talented musicians all over the world who have been inspired by these men to create works of their own.
The three Hungarian rock titans, Illes, Metro, and Omega, are still immensely famous, especially Omega, who has a fan base in Germany and beyond. Veteran underground bands from the 1980s, such as Beatrice, are still popular. Ferenc Kolcsey, the composer of the Hungarian national anthem's lyrics, was a big influence on the young musicians of the 1960s and 1970s.
In terms of sales, Illes is the biggest band in Hungary. They have sold approximately one million albums worldwide, most recently with their 2007 album "30 Seconds".
Illes was founded in 1964 by István Örkény, who also wrote many of their songs. The group originally consisted of bass guitar, piano, drums, and vocalist Ákos Kóczián. Their sound was influenced by British pop music of the time, particularly that of the Beatles. In 1969, they released their first album "Szeretet" ("Love"), which included the hit song "Egy nap alatt" ("In One Day"). This song became a symbol of the early years of Hungarian rock 'n' roll.
After breaking up in 1972, Illes reunited in 1975 and continued to release albums until 1992. During this time, they had more than ten albums reach the top 10 of the Hungarian Album Chart. In addition, several of their singles reached the top of the charts. In 1997, they finally disbanded again.
Northern Gheg traditions, as well as southern Labs and Tosks, are represented in Albanian folk music. Albanian folk songs include heroic epics, lullabies, love songs, wedding music, work songs, and other genres. The most famous singers of the 20th century were Edith Piaf, who was French, and Elvino Jesús, an Albanian-Mexican singer who lived in France.
During the Communist period, popular music was dominated by Soviet artists. After Communism collapsed in Albania, local musicians started playing alternative rock and heavy metal.
Today's young people mostly listen to pop and hip hop music. Some famous Albanian musicians include Flaka Kënga, Albert Vllasi, Saimir Kolao, Blerti, Rapido Band, Noize MC, and Gojko Prosiu.
Albanians have been known to sing outside their country. In the 1970s and 1980s, many Albanians moved to Italy, where they worked as miners or builders. Many of them continued to write letters home but also learned Italian songs and sang them in nightclubs. This phenomenon became known as "the Albanian factor".
In Germany, thousands of Albanians work in the construction industry.
In the Czech Republic, music derives from classical music, high-culture opera, and symphonies. Traditional music, jazz, and blues inspired Czech producers. Czech popular songs are generally in English, and outsiders are frequently startled by the ubiquity of recognizable tunes with Czech lyrics. The most famous singers here are Lucie Bílá, Věra Chytilová, and Iva Zanicchi.
Czechs like classical music too. Prague's National Theatre organizes several performances per year of its famous concert series. The season runs from early May until mid-October, and tickets can be hard to find. But for those who get in, it is well worth it!
Prague also has many museums that feature music in their exhibits. The Museum of Music in Prague is one of them. It has more than 10,000 objects from all over the world, including musical instruments, paintings, and films. It is said to have the largest collection of pianos in Europe.
Other good places to go if you're interested in music are the New York House museum, which features a large collection of art and artifacts from Czech America, and the Levure studio, which is full of instruments made of metal, wood, and glass.
Czechs love American movies. You can see many Hollywood productions shot here in the Czech language with Czech actors.