What postwar topic divided the Western Allies and the Soviet Union? Government ideologies in Germany produced divides between communism and democracy, forcing the major five to pick sides. What policy did the Truman Doctrine develop for the United States? Restricted communism to territories under Soviet authority and Europe, allowing free elections when possible. This policy was formulated in 1947 and 1948 by President Harry S. Truman.
Why did Stalin deny being interested in acquiring German industry? He felt that making war economy would help Russia's recovery after the devastation of World War II. Also, he didn't want to appear weak by accepting offers he could not afford to fulfill.
Stalin denied being interested in acquiring German industry because he wasn't interested in it. As the leader of the Soviet Union, Stalin wanted to keep Russia strong and united. Acquiring all kinds of technology would have been detrimental to that goal. Also, accepting offers from Germany would have been an embarrassment for the country. In the end, Stalin refused any deal with Germany because it was not worth risking world peace for.
Accepting offers from Germany would have been an embarrassment for the country.
What were the three factors that sparked hostility between the US and the Soviet Union? The Soviet Union formed a deal with Hitler, the United States kept the atomic weapon a secret, and the United States took its time attacking Hitler. What were the differences between Truman's and Stalin's plans? Stalin wanted power over Europe; Truman did not. Stalin wanted a world government; Truman did not. There was also a difference in how they planned to get what they wanted: Stalin by force, Truman by negotiation.
Stalin felt like he had been ignored by the United States, so he decided to create his own army. This made President Truman feel threatened, so he ordered the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). This is when the Cold War began. The next difference between Stalin and Truman was that while Stalin wanted power over other countries, Truman only wanted power over Germany. Finally, Stalin wanted to take control over Europe, while Truman wanted to keep control over Europe.
Stalin was angry with America for ignoring him, so he started building his own nuclear arsenal. This made President Truman even more afraid of him, so he started developing his own nuclear weapons.
When President Truman learned about America's new nuclear weapon, he felt like it was too late to attack Germany without risking World War III. He also didn't want to start a nuclear war with Russia.
What was the crux of the dispute in Europe between the United States and the Soviet Union? Stalin's unwillingness to allow free elections in Poland convinced Truman that the goals of the US and the Soviet Union were diametrically opposed. During Soviet communism, the state was in charge of all poverty and economic activities. In order for a person to be economically viable, they had to belong to the state economy or become a criminal. This made freedom of enterprise impossible as there was no market for any products except those produced by the state.
The conflict came down to how much power each country should have over its own internal affairs. The Soviets believed that countries needed strong leaders who could decide what role they should play in world affairs. The Americans believed that people should make their own decisions about what role they wanted their government to play abroad as well as at home.
This difference in opinion led to one nation trying to influence other countries through aid, trade agreements, and treaties, while the other nation tried to do the same thing through its own foreign policy.
It is important to understand that both the United States and the Soviet Union were communist states. They just used different tactics to achieve the same goal: control over their citizens.
In 1949, when the Soviet Union emerged as the leading country in Eastern Europe, it set up shop in East Berlin and began to organize political parties there.
Because Eastern Europeans had chosen Communist governments, the Soviet Union sought to rule Eastern Europe after WWII. The Truman Doctrine was a vow to give cash for Europe's reconstruction. Western Europe recovered from World War II in astonishing fashion, thanks in major part to the Marshall Plan. But much of Europe remained devastated by war. In addition, there were huge shortages of food and other basic goods. People were starving to death in large numbers.
Western aid came with strings attached: countries had to accept free trade, stay neutral during wars, and not develop nuclear weapons. To get money and arms, they had to agree with the United States and its allies. This wasn't easy for some countries in Eastern Europe that were still fighting against their former empires. (Yugoslavia was one example.)
The Soviets wanted to rule all of Europe because they thought it would help them gain more influence over the future of the world. By controlling many of the most important countries, they could keep others under their control too. Also, people in these countries needed jobs, so the Soviets offered them work building factories, roads, and other things necessary for their new countries to function.
However, the Soviets weren't the only ones trying to build influence in Europe. The Americans also wanted to help rebuild Europe because they believed it would benefit America.
During the Cold War, the political systems of the United States and the Soviet Union diverged. The United States was a democratic republic, whereas the Soviet Union was communism. The United States had greater liberty. Describe the causes that led to the formation of the Truman Doctrine and how it effected US foreign policy.
The origins of the Cold War lie in the aftermath of World War II. The two main powers left over from that war were the United States and the Soviet Union. Neither country wanted another war so they agreed to be friendly with each other. This agreement was called the "Cold War." During this time, there were many conflicts around the world between American allies and Soviet enemies. These wars usually came down to which superpower could offer the more effective weapon system. For example, when the Soviets developed nuclear weapons, the United States needed to keep up its military strength to avoid being attacked again.
The Cold War continued for several decades. It affected almost every aspect of life for people across the world. It caused economic difficulties for some countries because they had to spend money on their defense systems. It also created problems for political leaders who wanted to get elected because they had to show they were strong enough to fight Russia or America. In fact, only three presidents were able to get through their first terms in office without having any kind of incident involving Russia. They are George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Abraham Lincoln.
The Truman Doctrine was formally expanded to become the foundation of American Cold War strategy in Europe and across the world. It altered US foreign policy toward the Soviet Union from detente (tension relief) to containment of Soviet expansion, as proposed by diplomat George Kennan. The doctrine provided economic and military assistance to countries facing Communist takeover or influence.
In April 1949, President Truman announced a new policy toward Eastern Europe that came to be known as the "Truman Doctrine." Prior to this announcement, America had been engaging in detente with the Soviet Union under Secretary of State George Marshall. However, during a visit to Greece, Truman made it clear that if Communist forces continued into Turkey, Greece, and Italy, then America would have to take action. By using words such as "dominant" and "aggressive," Truman made it clear that if the Soviets did not stop their influence over these countries, then America would come to their aid.
This new policy was not met favorably by the Soviet government, which saw it as interference in their affairs. Yet, because of its threat to withdraw support if they did not act, the Soviet Union entered several agreements with its "assigned partners."
One such agreement was signed with Greece on May 20, 1949. Under this treaty, Greece was granted $100 million in economic aid along with security guarantees from the United States.