South Dakota is the leading sunflower producer in the United States, followed by North Dakota and Texas. In 2020, North Dakota was the leading sunflower producer in the United States, followed by South Dakota and Minnesota. The amount of land devoted to growing sunflowers has increased since 2008.
Until recently, Illinois was a major producer of sunflowers, but due to poor crop yields that caused farmers to abandon the crop, it is now ranked 48th. However, new regulations may change this.
Sunflower seeds are used as animal feed, human food ingredient, and oil source. Oil from sunflower seeds is used in cooking and as a fuel alternative. Sunflower oil is used in commercial products such as salad dressings and mayonnaise because of its high quality flavor and color.
The seed market proportion of sunflower sales is about 10% on an annual basis, while the market price for sunflower seeds is about 95% of their value as a seed.
In 2014, U.S. farmers harvested 5 million acres of sunflowers, up 16% from 2013. The average farm size was 30 acres, down slightly from 2013 when farmers harvested 4 million acres on average. The increase in production was driven primarily by higher yields on more acreage.
South Dakota is frequently ranked as one of the top sunflower growers in the world. This makes late summer an ideal time to observe stunning golden fields that appear to extend on forever. Sunflowers are grown commercially for their seeds, which are used to make oil and feed products.
Like many other states, South Dakota has adopted a common law system of justice. This means that cases are heard by judges rather than juries and lawyers do most of the talking during court proceedings. Judges can rule on motions, dismiss claims, or direct verdicts. They cannot give opinions on actual facts or evidence at trial.
In South Dakota, you have a right to a lawyer if you cannot afford one. If you go to court without a lawyer, a judge will either appoint one for you or send you home to get a private attorney.
In conclusion, yes, South Dakota does grow sunflowers and they do look very beautiful when pulled out of the ground.
Top 10 states in the United States for total sunflower output (in 1,000 pounds) in 2020*
|Production in thousand pounds|
Karnataka leads the way with a production of 3.04 lakh tonnes from 7.94 lakh hectares, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Orissa, and Tamil Nadu, all of which are important sunflower producing states in India. Sunflower agriculture covers around 1.48 million acres in India, with an average output of 0.6 MT/acre. The country's main producer regions are Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
India is one of the largest producers and consumers of sunflower oil in the world. The oil is used for cooking as well as for lighting fuel in most parts of the country. It is also used in making soap.
Sunflower seeds are used to make bird feeders and fish food. They are also eaten raw or roasted like nuts.
Sunflower is a very heat-tolerant plant that can grow in many different soil types provided it has sufficient water and sunlight. It is able to fix its own nitrogen so does not need fertilizers. The plants prefer full sun but will tolerate some shade if other crops need the space. They do not do well in dry soil so must be irrigated during drought periods. Sunflower grows quickly and requires little maintenance once established. It can be harvested continuously until frost threatens or the ground becomes too hard for comfortable harvesting. Seeds remain viable for several years so one crop isn't enough to maintain seed banks.
Sunflower was introduced into India around 150 years ago and has become widely cultivated since then.
The majority are hardy in USDA zones 4 to 9. 'Maximillian' is one of the most popular perennial sunflowers. Depending on the soil and water conditions, this sunflower can grow up to 8 feet tall and produces tiny, yellow sunflowers from late summer to frost. It's ideal for a sunny spot in the garden.
Sunflowers like full sunlight and average water. They don't need rich soil or much fertilizer. If you want bigger flowers on your plants, don't worry about seeding new crops every year; just keep harvesting the mature seeds after they fall to the ground. The seeds will start growing again from seed pods that form at the stem's base next spring.
People have been growing sunflowers for food since at least 300 B.C., when Chinese farmers cultivated them for their large seeds which were used as food themselves or as animal feed. In the United States, early settlers grew sunflowers because they knew they would bloom even though it was winter outside. The bright yellow flowers helped to cheer up their farms and homes during these cold months.
Today, sunflowers are grown for their oil instead. They're used to make cooking oil, soap, and other products. The seeds also contain high levels of vitamin E and other nutrients.
Some varieties of sunflowers have larger heads with more rays than others.
California provides one-quarter of the world's sunflower seed supply. The Sacramento Valley grows the bulk of California's sunflower crop, mostly for seed production. The state accounts for 95% of the US supply and 25% of the global supply of sunflower seeds.
Sunflower crops in California were first cultivated by Indians about 500 years ago. They were used for food and oil but most importantly as source of fuel for cooking and heating. Because of its high content of oil this plant was very useful for trading with other tribes. After the arrival of Europeans, sunflowers became important for agriculture because they are easy to grow and don't require much water like many other crops at that time.
In the mid-1800s, farmers in Illinois began selecting for larger flowers and within a few decades had produced a strain of hybrid sunflower called 'Contercolta' that could be grown in smaller plots of land than traditional varieties. This new variety soon spread across Europe where it is still popular today.
During World War II, oil from sunflower seeds helped keep aircraft engines running. Since then, development has been focused on producing plants that store more oil per seed. In 2001, California grew nearly half of the nation's 400 million sunflower seed crop. The main growing regions are located in Kings County and Fresno County.