The great majority of Iranians follow the Ithna 'Ashari, or Twelver, Shi'i branch of Islam, which is the official state religion. The Kurds and Turkmen are mostly Sunni Muslims, but the Arabs of Iran are both Sunni and Shi'i. Small Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian populations can also be found across the nation. In addition, there are many smaller religions in Iran that do not have enough followers to have a representative on the official Iranian Religious Council.
As for the nature of this relationship, it is very complex. First of all, Iran is officially an Islamic Republic, so it cannot be said that non-Muslims are actually allowed to live in Iran. However, since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, most religious rules have been suspended by Shia Muslim leaders who have sought to create a modern country within the framework of Islamic law. Thus, women are now free to seek employment and participate in politics, and some high-ranking clerics have even suggested that Christians and Jews should be allowed to hold government jobs. In practice, however, few changes have been made to accommodate non-Muslims.
After the revolution, many mosques were turned into churches or temples, and many priests became Muslims. Although these conversions were not intended to be permanent, many Iranian Christians and Jews feel that they need to convert to another religion to avoid persecution.
In conclusion, Muslims are the largest religious group in Iran, followed by Christians and Jews who together account for less than 1% of the population.
Introduction Although Shiite Islam is the national religion of Iran and the bulk of its people is ethnically Persian, the country also has millions of minorities of other ethnic, religious, and linguistic backgrounds. Ethnic Kurds, Baluchis, and Azeris are among these communities. As well, there are small numbers of Christians, Jews, and Hindus.
In addition, Iran is home to a large community of Arab Muslims who are primarily found in three regions: Tehran, the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran, and the Iraqi province of Salahuddin. These Arabs follow a version of Islam called Sufism that involves prayer, meditation, and study of the Quran. However, they have no single leader and so do not have a mosque where they can gather for prayers.
Finally, there are several hundred thousand Iranians who are members of non-Muslim religions. They include many individuals who self-identify as Christian but who actually follow some form of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. There are also members of Hindu and Baha'i faiths in Iran. No estimate exists for the number of Muslims who are atheists or agnostics, but it is clear that they exist and are not viewed negatively by society.
Generally speaking, Iran is a country with a mixture of ethnicities, languages, and religions. It is an Islamic republic with a government based on Islamic law (Sharia).
Sunni and Shi'i Islam are the two main branches of Islam, with Shi'i Islam being practiced by the vast majority of Iranians. Shi'ism, Iran's official religion, is practiced by almost 90% of the population. I Paraphrase formalized In contrast, the majority of Arab states in the Middle East are Sunni. However, many countries across Asia and Africa also practice Shi'a Islam.
During the early years after the birth of Muhammad, Islam was a small movement without state-level authority. As it expanded, it developed systems of law that defined what would become known as "Islamic practices." These laws, which include topics such as banking, business, charity, criminal justice, and more, were written by Islamic scholars and implemented by local leaders who became known as "caliphs." By the 9th century, however, all caliphates had been abolished by Muslim nations themselves for political reasons or because they were unsuccessful. Only the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad remained until it was overthrown in 1258 by the Mongols.
After this point, no single religious leader claimed control over Islam's state-level institutions. Instead, each country ruled itself according to its own government system. However, most nations still maintained some form of religious leadership within their borders. This usually took the form of a high-ranking cleric who could influence national decisions about religion on behalf of the government. Today, these clerics are often called "mojtahids" (singular: mojtahed).
Islam, Shi'i Sunni and Shi'i Islam are the two main branches of Islam, with Shi'i Islam being practiced by the vast majority of Iranians. However, several countries in South Asia also practice Shi'a Islam including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.
During the early years after the birth of Islam, many schools of thought developed within the Islamic community regarding what role women should play in society. Some scholars believed that since women were not equal to men they should be subservient to them. Others argued that since God had created both men and women equally why should they not have an equal role in religious matters as well? The latter school of thoughts prevailed within Islam and today this is known as "Islamic feminism."
Iran's current leadership has been called "principled Islamists" because they believe in social justice but not equal rights for women. They support reformers who want to bring about change within the system but oppose those who seek to overthrow the government like some Muslim Brotherhood groups do.
The supreme leader of Iran is considered its head while serving as the country's top religious figure. Currently, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is responsible for determining policy guidelines for Iran as well as issuing relevant rulings on cases that come before the court.