The civil rights movement employed methods from all three categories, but the most common were "nonviolent direct action"—a synonym for nonviolent struggle or nonviolent resistance, which generally referred to protest and persuasion methods used to gain blacks access to segregated public facilities—and voter registration...
Nonviolent direct action was used throughout the history of the civil rights movement. Some examples include sit-ins, freedom rides, marches, and demonstrations. The philosophy behind nonviolent direct action is that violence only creates more violence in return. Violence should not be used as a means to an end, but rather as a last resort when other methods have failed.
Voter registration was important because without voters there can be no change. People need to know about the election so they can go to the polls, and after the election those people need to be registered so they can stay active in the political process.
Another method used by activists was boycotting businesses that discriminated against black people. This method could either be done directly through protests or by having allies boycott the businesses in question. The idea here is that black people should not have to spend their money with businesses that discriminate against them; therefore, these businesses will not receive any black customer traffic which will make them feel uncomfortable continuing to do business with them. In this way, activists hope to encourage change.
The nonviolent technique and nonviolent training Nonviolent, or peaceful, protest was the predominate style of protest throughout the "African American civil rights" era. The methods used included sit-ins, freedom rides, boycotts, marches, and demonstrations. Nonviolent protest was adopted by activists who wanted to avoid violence which would only serve to escalate tensions with law enforcement.
Nonviolence was first practiced by Mahatma Gandhi when he protested against his own government's legislation through civil disobedience. Martin Luther King, Jr. also learned nonviolence from Gandhi and applied it to the civil rights movement. Other leaders in the African American civil rights movement including Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, and Harry Belafonte also advocated nonviolence.
Nonviolence is based on the belief that power lies with the people who use it peacefully rather than with those who hold physical force over others. The idea behind nonviolent protest is to make the opponent see the merits of one's cause so they will be willing to negotiate a settlement.
Through nonviolent action, activists can draw attention to their issues and seek change without resorting to violence. This type of protest is often more effective than using physical force because it creates an atmosphere of peace and justice, which other people may want to join.
The Civil Rights Movement was nonviolent in the sense that people who took a stance would engage in boycotts (bus boycotts), sit-ins, marches, or protests. There were other moments when riots broke out. I believe that both types of resistance were successful, but that nonviolent forms of opposition were the most effective. Violence is used by those in power to maintain their position so it can be difficult for others to argue against it. Nonviolence, on the other hand, allows individuals to stand up for what they believe in without using physical force.
During the 1950s and 1960s, racial segregation was still present in many parts of the United States. Segregation was defined as the separation of races, specifically blacks and whites. Racial discrimination affected many aspects of life for black Americans including access to housing, public facilities, and employment. The Civil Rights Movement aimed to end this type of behavior by engaging in nonviolent action such as boycotts, sit-ins, freedom rides, and demonstrations.
There were several factors that may have led up to the birth of the Civil Rights Movement. One factor was the increasing number of African Americans who had been given rights after being granted citizenship through the passage of the 14th Amendment (which originally excluded them from citizenship). The other factor was the ongoing practice of segregation which prevented blacks and whites from living together or doing business with one another.
During the Civil Rights Movement, nonviolent resistance tactics such as bus boycotts, Freedom Rides, sit-ins, marches, and mass protests were utilized. These methods were used in an effort to draw attention to an issue that could not be resolved through discussion or debate - the use of violence against blacks by both government officials and white segregationists was intolerable.
The first tactic used by black Americans during the movement was passive resistance, which involved demonstrating on a daily basis in order to show one's opposition to racism. This form of protest was used primarily by individuals who had been subjected to racial discrimination - such as Ethel Kennedy when she was denied service at a lunch counter in New York City. The end of World War II also saw an increase in passive resistance since many blacks felt that they weren't being given their full rights as citizens of the United States.
The second type of nonviolent resistance tactic was economic boycott. This method was used mainly by black churches in an attempt to persuade local businesses to close down for several days per month so that they would not be able to make any money off of segregated facilities. The idea behind this strategy was that if a company cannot make any money, then it will have no choice but to comply with a request to integrate.
The third type of nonviolent resistance tactic was direct action.