The New Testament's Language The parchments and the books Second Chapter: Did Jesus and the Apostles have a command of the Greek language? Several groups and religions contend that Jesus Christ and the apostles exclusively spoke Hebrew or Aramaic, and that the original New Testament books were all written in Hebrew and later translated into Greek. They assert that the people who claim to know the languages have adapted them to speak about someone who lived two thousand years ago. However, there are several problems with this theory. First of all, no one alive today knows how to write in either Hebrew or Aramaic, which shows that the New Testament authors could not have done so either. Also, there are similarities between certain Greek words and phrases and those used by Jews of the time for religious purposes, which proves that the writers knew the languages well enough to use them appropriately. In addition, there are cases where the New Testament authors use Greek words that no longer exist today, which shows that they must have known these languages from previous experience.
Now, let's take a look at how scholars have answered this question.
The early Christians wrote in Greek, which was the common language of the day. This fact has been proven through many different means. One method is to examine the differences between Koine Greek (the modern version of Greek used by the Romans) and other ancient languages such as Latin, Semitic Arabic, and Persian.
Mainstream and modern academics have generally agreed that the New Testament was written in Greek and that elements of the New Testament, particularly the gospels, were based on an Aramaic source text.
Although some writers contained translations from Hebrew and Aramaic texts, the books of the Christian New Testament are usually accepted to have been initially written in Greek, especially Koine Greek. The Pauline Epistles were undoubtedly written in Greek for Greek-speaking readers.
A part of the oral teaching of the Old Testament in Hebrew and Aramaic, as well as the New Testament in Greek, was recorded in writing by the Prophets and Apostles. These are the Holy Bible's original languages, from which all translations have been drawn.
The original language of the Bible is known as Proto-Semitic and dates back to the late 11th or early 10th century B.C. It was at this time that ancient people began to realize that their daily rituals were being read about by some prophet, and so they started recording these things down on paper so that future generations would know the Lord's dealings with them.
This written record called the Prophetic Books includes the words of Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David, and other prophets. The New Testament was written in Greek, the common language of the day, but it is assumed that many people then just like now didn't understand Greek, so various translations into different languages have been made over the years. There are currently more than 30 versions of the Bible in use around the world, each based on one of these translations.
However, none of these translations is an exact replica of the original Bible language.
Greek New Testament/Original Languages Hebrew Aramaic Latin Other names for the Greek language include Classical Greek and Hellenic Greek.
The New Testament was written in Koine Greek (commonly called "the Greek language"). Although dozens of other languages are spoken today that have some degree of similarity to ancient Greek, only Greek has been successfully revived as a living language. The Bible is therefore written in a single modern language but consists of texts in many different versions: the original Greek manuscripts of the New Testament; the best copies available today; translations into many other languages.
Hebrew is an Afroasiatic language that was the official language of the Israelites during their period of independence before they became a part of the Babylonian Empire. It is also the language in which the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Old Testament) was written. In addition, several psalms, parts of Ezekiel's prophecy, and chapters 16 and 18 of Isaiah were probably also written in Hebrew. However many scholars believe that these passages are not by David or Solomon but by later writers using their work as a source.
The first Bible translations were of the Hebrew Bible, translated fully into Aramaic. These were called "targums." Later, when the Greek language became prominent, the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek, and this translation was called the Septuagint.
The Bible was first written in three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. The Old Testament was largely written in Hebrew, with a few verses in Aramaic. The Greek language was used to write the New Testament. This might be difficult to comprehend because the Bibles we have now are usually written in our own tongue.
Wycliffe revealed their ambition to translate the Bible into 600 languages in early 2018. According to the organization, more than 7,000 languages in more than 70 nations still require the Bible to be translated into their own languages.
People spoke four principal languages in Biblical times: Latin, Greek, Aramaic, and Hebrew. The Bible's Old Testament was initially written in Aramaic and Hebrew, whereas the New Testament was written in Greek. This linguistic blend reflects the origins of the numerous people that speak it.
The first Bible translations were of the Hebrew Bible, which was entirely translated into Aramaic. These were known as "targums." Later, when Greek became popular, the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek, and this translation became known as the Septuagint.
The Hebrew Bible's Language The scriptures were mostly composed in Biblical Hebrew (also known as Classical Hebrew), with occasional passages in Biblical Aramaic (most notably in Daniel and Ezra). Both languages are descendants of the ancient language known as Judeo-Semitic. The term "Hebrew" is used today to refer to both Jews and Israelites, but at the time these writings were being created, the word "Hebrew" meant only Jews.
English is the official language of the United States and many other countries around the world. It is a Germanic language related to Dutch and German. Today, more than 500 million people speak English as their first language. It is by far the most spoken language in the world.
When Jesus spoke of the end of the age, he often used images from the Jewish Scriptures to describe events that would take place shortly after his death. These events include the destruction of Jerusalem by Rome in A.D. 70, the coming of the Messiah, and the establishment of a new heaven and earth where no one will suffer pain or grief. All this will happen within 100 years of the birth of Jesus...so around A.D. 0.
Jesus Christ is the son of David who became human. He lived a perfect life and died on the cross for our sins.