The light was termed "Day," while the darkness was called "Night." There was also twilight and the first day's dawn. Genesis 1:3-5 (NASB) We are told in these words that God ordered and light arose. He said to "let there be light"; and there was light.
This event is described as having taken place "in the evening" when Earth was ready for habitation. But why did it take place at all? Why couldn't it have happened at some other time?
Light is a form of energy. It has mass but no substance. It can be seen, heard, felt, and measured. However, unlike other forms of energy such as heat or electricity, light cannot be stored or destroyed. It is either present or absent depending on conditions surrounding its origin and propagation.
Stars are stars because they are hot. They emit light because they are hot. Stars are the outcome of nuclear fusion reactions that occur in clouds of gas and dust. The gravity of these stars keeps the gas cloud orbiting around them until they reach the point where their gravitational force overcomes that of the gas cloud and collapses under its own weight. As the star becomes more massive, so does its core. This increases the temperature of the star which causes it to expand.
One day, there was an evening and a dawn. The first day begins with the creation of light. God builds the world by spoken command and names the components as he produces them. On the seventh day, he ends his work by giving us rest from our tasks.
The Bible does not say when God created light but it does say that he created darkness too. So both light and dark must have existed from the beginning of time. Maybe darkness is more useful than light because we need darkness to sleep in but light to see by. Either way, God created these things so they could play a role in his plans for the world.
Some people believe that everything was made exactly as it is today without any change or evolution over time. But this cannot be true because we know that things change over time; plants and animals die and new ones come into being. This shows that evolution has taken place over millions of years.
It is also believed that humans evolved over time but this theory is only proposed by scientists in order to explain how humans fit into God's plan. The fact that God created humans in his image means that they were meant to live together with him in peace and harmony. This would not be possible if humans were evolving into something else over time.
Let's take a look at each of the days that God spent preparing the planet for human settlement. The description in Genesis 1 appears to be delivered from the perspective of the earth's surface. Day 1: God separates light and darkness (verses 3-5). Where did the light known as "day" come from? Some believe it was a result of God creating sun, stars, and galaxies. Others believe it was eternal, nonphysical energy that existed before time began. Either way, this first day is when Earth's atmosphere became breathable again after Noah's flood.
Day 2: On day two, we are told that God created the sea (verse 6). Some believe this to be another reference to Earth's oceans because the word "sea" is used throughout Scripture to describe large bodies of water (e.'tan). If this is true, then God may have created them after Earth came out of its flood stage. However, the Bible does state that Earth had dried up before Noah built his ark so this could also be an example of something that existed before time began.
Day 3: On day three, we are told that God created land animals (verses 7-9). Some believe these to be references to different species of dinosaurs because they were still living on Earth when Noah's flood occurred. However, scientists believe that dinosaurs went extinct about 65 million years ago and humans didn't appear on Earth until about 200,000 years ago!
When God realized that the light was good, he divided it from the darkness. God referred to the light as "day," and the darkness as "night." And then there came the nighttime, and then there was the morning—the first day...
|Separation of Light from Darkness|
|Location||Sistine Chapel, Vatican City|
Light is not discovered until the fourth day. His word enters and illuminates. He creates and separates the lights into night and day in verse 16. "God formed the two huge lights," Genesis 1:16 states. How could God have formed light on the first day if the lights did not exist until the fourth day? Some believe that God created both the sun and the moon on the first day but they did not come into existence until the second day when God said, "Let there be light."
The Bible does not say how long God took to create the stars but it does say that he worked for many days finishing up on the sixth. The fact that the stars were not here during the first three days of creation shows that they are not natural objects but rather signs that God is active in history.
Stars were known to the ancients but no one really understood their true nature until the Renaissance. During this time scientists such as Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler determined that stars are much more than just points of light; they are actually bodies like our own with temperatures of their own and they take years to develop into what we see today.
So stars were known but not fully understood until recently. In the past people assumed that stars were too far away or obscured by clouds to see but now we know that most stars are less than a hundred million miles away from Earth. They are too bright to be seen with the naked eye but telescopes can make them visible again.