The Good Neighbor Policy enhanced the United States' reputation in South America and won the backing of numerous South American countries. The Good Neighbor Policy aided the United States in South America and increased the countries' support for the US in international affairs. In addition, it helped foster good relations between the two continents.
Good neighbors are those who treat others as they would like to be treated themselves. The Americans had just come out of a war with Spain when they adopted this policy. They wanted other countries in South America to see them as a fair-minded nation that would not invade its neighbor without cause. As well, they wanted to show the people of South America that they did not want to be dominated by another country. This policy showed the people of South America that the Americans were willing to help them if they needed it and also gave them hope that their countries would one day become independent.
This policy proved to be very successful. By the time President Franklin D. Roosevelt made his famous "good neighbor" speech in 1933, all of South America except for Ecuador had signed on as partners with the United States.
Ecuador refused to join the Monroe Doctrine because they thought it was not binding enough for them to need to comply with it. However, they still wanted to keep peace with both America and Peru so they did not sign up for the Good Neighbor Policy.
The "Good Neighbor" policy was the foreign policy of United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt toward Latin American countries. The Good Neighbor Policy intended that the United States would maintain a more calm watch on Latin America. It also wanted to stop the violence and unrest in these countries by trying to promote democracy and economic development instead.
Roosevelt first announced the policy in his April 19, 1933, message to Congress. He said that "our government must avoid all appearance of interference in the internal affairs of other nations"; yet at the same time it must "respect the obligations of treaty agreements with such nations".
Then in his second inaugural address given just nine days later, Roosevelt again emphasized the need for peace throughout the world but also mentioned the need for progress in Latin America saying that "the day has come when we must face the fact that freedom and order are not mutually exclusive; on the contrary, they are mutually supportive".
He went on to say that "if our neighbors are to enjoy freedom, we ourselves cannot be held back", which indicates that even though the United States didn't want to get involved in other countries' conflicts and wars, it still wanted to support those who were suffering oppression and poverty.
The 1933 Good Neighbor Policy Introduction President Franklin Delano Roosevelt started office seeking to enhance relations with Central and South American countries. Under his leadership, the United States prioritized collaboration and trade above military action in order to maintain hemispheric stability.
In addition to promoting trade and eliminating tariffs, the Good Neighbor Policy allowed Latin Americans to claim sovereignty by joining organizations like the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO). Countries could become members of these organizations without paying dues or following any formal process, so long as they agreed to allow free movement of people and goods across the Atlantic. In return, countries would receive favorable treatment from the United States when applying for loans or grants. For example, applicants could claim access to loan funds if they met certain economic requirements. The policy also included a section on "Good Will" that encouraged U.S. businesses to hire unemployed workers from Latin America.
Latin Americans responded positively to the Good Neighbor Policy, with many governments adopting liberal policies toward foreign investment. However, some nations used their increased power to advance ideological goals, such as communism. As a result, tensions between the two regions grew higher than ever before. The final blow to good relations came when Cuba joined the Soviet Union in 1962, triggering the Cuban Missile Crisis. Although the two countries had been allies earlier in the year, the incident ended Washington's support for Havana.