What were three things exchanged from Europe to the Americas because of the Columbian Exchange?

What were three things exchanged from Europe to the Americas because of the Columbian Exchange?

When it came to agriculture, the Columbian Exchange was more fair. Farmers from the Americas gave staples like corn (maize), potatoes, cassava, and sweet potatoes to other continents, as well as secondary food crops like tomatoes, peanuts, pumpkins, squashes, pineapples, and chili peppers.

For animals, the exchange was less fair. Farmers imported livestock such as cows, pigs, sheep, and goats to use their milk, meat, and skin. These animals were kept in pens or on pastureland and fed diets that consisted mainly of grain, with some grass added for color and nutrition.

In total, the agricultural economy of Europe benefited greatly from this exchange. One crop farmer in Germany, for example, could feed one hundred people with his harvest while another German farmer's output was enough to feed twenty-five people. In fact, before the exchange occurred, most Europeans lived in rural poverty. After the exchange, many new farmers emerged who were better off than those they replaced.

The industrial revolution also played a role in the emergence of modern society. With new technologies coming from Britain, France, and America, manufacturing industries grew rapidly in these countries and across Europe.

At first, most manufactured goods were used by colonists in the Americas but later they began to be bought back home by Europeans who wanted them even though they may have been expensive.

What did the Columbians bring to the rest of the world?

Plants such as tomatoes, squash, pineapples, tobacco, and cacao beans were among them (for chocolate). They also contained animals like the turkey, which became a food source in the Eastern Hemisphere. Corn and potatoes were two of the most essential products to go from the Americas to the rest of the world. Without these two things, many foods that we eat today would not exist.

The Columbian exchange was a large-scale migration of plants and animals between the Old and New Worlds driven by the needs of farmers and hunters. The movement of flora and fauna across the oceanic gap formed new species combinations and enabled them to spread their seeds more effectively, thus increasing the rate of evolution. This exchange had important consequences for the development of agriculture, livestock breeding, and medicine in both continents.

For example, the Inca used a form of potato called "chonta" in their rituals because it was believed to have magical properties. Thomas Jefferson is said to have been inspired by this use of potatoes to create one of the first American dishes: French fries! Tobacco helped drive the first colonists to put down roots in what is now the United States and provided the basis for the first written language in Mexico. Chocolate was so important for Spanish settlers that they named one of their main cities after it: Santa Fe.

The Columbian exchange also had significant implications for the environment. For example, the introduction of corn as a crop in Europe caused deforestation and soil erosion.

What was the most important thing exchanged in the Columbian Exchange?

Both were affordable to raise and nutrient-dense. Potatoes, in instance, provide a wealth of vital vitamins and minerals. Both crops have formed a major and consistent element of people's diets across the world over time.

The corn and potatoes that were brought back to Europe were improved through cross-breeding and new agricultural practices, but they still bear some resemblance to their native species. One difference you might notice is that European potatoes are usually much smaller than their American counterpart. The largest potato on record measured 21 inches (53 cm) long and 12 ounces (340 g), but these are rare specimens. Most average about 5 inches (13 cm) long and 2 pounds (1 kg).

Early Europeans who visited the New World often wrote about its food. In particular, they were surprised by how easily some Americans could digest corn. They also noticed that Indians used every part of the plant, even the seeds, which they found tasted like nuts. Modern scientists have confirmed that potatoes were widely cultivated by several Native American tribes, including the Iroquois, Cherokee, and Omaha.

When Columbus arrived in America, he found many plants known today as part of the potato family. He named them "poma" after the Portuguese word for apple because he thought they looked like apples growing alongside the Indian settlements.

What are three positives that came from the Columbian Exchange?

From a European perspective, three "good" things came out of the Columbian exchange: (1) the potato, rich in vitamins and minerals and easy to cultivate, became a staple of the European diet, helped to make Europe famine-proof, and led to its population growing; (2) in Africa, manioc (bread) sparked interest...

...in both cases replacing the indigenous crops that had been destroyed by Europeans. This demonstrates how important it is for intercultural communication to take place between Europeans and Africans, since they used different species of plant as food but they obtained the same results (nutrition) by changing what they planted.

The third positive thing about the Columbian exchange is that it introduced many new species of plants into Europe and America, which are still used today in farming systems called "exotic". For example, the tomato was first brought to Europe from South America and now accounts for nearly one fifth of all vegetables grown in the U.K.

People also benefit from the exchange of cultures, knowledge, and ideas between cultures. In fact, the introduction of new crops and livestock enabled Europeans to learn more about agriculture, which led them to develop new products and methods. For example, French farmers developed several varieties of wheat suitable for their climate, while American farmers grew flax because France didn't import this product at the time.

Finally, not all aspects of the exchange were negative.

About Article Author

Diana Lama

Diana Lama is a freelance writer and editor who loves to write about all things law and crime. She has been published in The Huffington Post, Vice Magazine, and The Daily Beast, among other publications. She has a degree in criminal justice from California Polytechnic State University, and enjoys reading about other cases that shake up the justice system.

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