The discovery and circulation of key classical works from ancient Greece and Rome inspired the Renaissance Humanists, who gave a different perspective of life and humanity than what had been customary during earlier centuries of Christian dominance. They sought to revive the intellectual culture of Ancient Greece and Rome, which they believed was superior to that of Medieval Europe.
Humanism is based on the belief that humanity can learn much from the ancients and should not be constrained by religious dogma. It fosters knowledge and understanding of the world around us, as well as self-knowledge - through reading the classics, discussing important issues with others, and through personal reflection.
Humanists are interested in many topics including science, philosophy, politics, history, art, literature, and music. They try to use their knowledge and understanding of the world to improve their own lives as well as those of others.
In conclusion, humanists are interested in learning about humanity's past so that we may better understand our present and plan for our future.
Finally, Renaissance Humanism was the study of ancient Greek and Roman writings with the objective of developing new social norms and ideals. These customs and attitudes differed from those prevalent at the time because they placed less emphasis on a religious worldview. Instead, people sought knowledge about the world and humanity's place in it through research and discussion of these issues among leading thinkers of the day.
Humanism began as a philosophical movement in Italy in the 14th century. Its leaders were philosophers such as Petrarch, Boccaccio, and Leonardo Bruni. But its influence spread beyond Italy's borders, shaping the thinking of other European intellectuals including Martin Luther and Isaac Newton.
Luther, who was burned at the stake for his beliefs, is considered the father of modern science. Newtons belief that observation should be used to verify scientific theories led him to conduct many experiments during his lifetime. He developed calculus, which accurately describes how objects interact with each other when accelerated toward one another.
Newton was not the only scientist of his time, but he is regarded as the first true scientist due to his desire to understand reality through evidence-based discovery. His ideas influenced many other scientists including Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin.
Humanism is linked to the Renaissance because humanists attempted to rebuild the old Roman Empire. Northern Europe was the location. Were influenced by the resurgence of interest in Greek and Roman culture. He thought that the Catholic Church needed substantial change. So he proposed a series of reforms that would improve the church and make it more accessible to ordinary people.
He wanted to do this by removing some of the power that the bishops had over their priests, and giving more power to the people. This meant publishing official lists of saints and martyrs which were done by canon lawyers. It also meant writing criticism of both scripture and theology from a humanist perspective. This new approach to faith and learning was called "Neo-Platonism" after the ancient Greek philosopher Plato who lived around 400 B.C.
People started to call themselves "humanists" in the 15th century. They believed that it was up to individuals to decide what role religion should play in their lives. Some humanists even broke with the Catholic Church and joined the Protestant churches instead. But most of them remained Catholics. They just wanted a better church - one that reflected modern ways of thinking about morality and spirituality.
In conclusion, humanism is linked to the Renaissance because of the efforts of several men to reform the Catholic Church. These men wanted to make it more relevant for today's society by introducing new ideas about faith and learning.