The spoils system, in which political leaders provide employment to their faithful followers after taking government, has the advantage of assuring passionate support during the election, but it has the disadvantage of appointees with questionable qualifications. This system has existed in some form or another for ages. The ancient Greeks used it, as did the Romans.
It is still used in many countries today. The main difference between then and now is that in modern times we have professional politicians who do not work for a specific company or organization. They are hired by voters to serve in public office, so they are required to be independent from any influence by party organizations or other groups. This is called "free" elections in which people vote for who they want to represent them.
The spoils system works on the principle that those who give jobs will get votes, and those who get jobs will tend to help those who hire them. It is believed to be an effective way for governments to gain support from their populations, especially in countries where there are not enough resources available within the government to keep everyone happy all the time.
In its most basic form, the spoils system involves an election in which candidates compete by pledging to give certain positions to supporters. If one candidate offers more promises than another, he or she will likely win more votes.
A spoils system (also known as a patronage system) is a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends (cronyism), and relatives (nepotism) as a reward for their efforts toward victory and as an incentive to stay in power. The term is also used by some scholars to describe other practices where governments employ their staff solely on a personal basis without regard to merit.
Spoils systems were common in many countries throughout most of history. They still exist today in many parts of the world, especially in regions where there are no other economic opportunities for people. In many African nations, governments often hire their family members and friends to public jobs, because there is nothing else available for them to do. In Asia, many government jobs are given out through political connections, so it is not uncommon for employees to have no idea who they really work for.
In ancient Rome, the king would give out imperial appointments (which were usually just titles) to his friends and allies. This is how we get words like "patronage" and "favoritism" in English. During the British Empire, those with political connections could be granted posts as ambassadors or high commissioners. These men were called "spongers" because they spied on others for the government and drank too much alcohol doing so. They took advantage of their positions by stealing money from their own countries and from the citizens who lived there.
The spoils system, also known as the patronage system, is a process in which the winning political party rewards its campaign workers and other active supporters with appointments to government positions and other benefits. It also ensures that the ruling party's personnel are loyal and cooperative. The term comes from an Old English word meaning "rewards," "favors," or "bounties."
In the United States, the spoils system existed before it became popularly known as such, but it was during the Gilded Age that it reached its zenith. The system awarded government jobs, contracts, and other benefits to those who would support the election campaigns of leading politicians. These men were called "spoilsmen" because they took home the profits or "spoils" of their offices.
This practice created a poor working environment for employees who were not rewarded for their efforts. In addition, since these individuals were usually not hired for their expertise in their chosen fields, the quality of public works often suffered as a result. However, this same factor allowed for the advancement of less qualified people into high-paying government jobs.
Spoils systems still exist today, but they are used in place of democratic procedures to select officials. For example, in some countries senators are appointed by the president and then confirmed by the Senate. In others, they are directly elected by voters.