Longstaff suggested him to the expedition's commander, Sir Clements Markham. In 1901, he was named third officer on the expedition's ship Discovery and commissioned into the Royal Navy with the rank of sub-lieutenant in the Reserves, thereby ending his merchant navy career. He traveled with the team as it became trapped in Antarctica by winter storms and survived on food supplies left by other members of the party.
Shackleton was responsible for helping the others in their various difficulties during these difficult times. When they were all rescued in April 1902, he was given an official promotion to lieutenant.
During this time, he had become engaged to be married to Emily Bartle, one of the crew members on the Discovery. But the engagement needed to be formalized by a church ceremony so that she could be allowed to continue her travels with him. So, in March 1902, they were married at St Mary's Church in South Kensington, London. She later wrote that she never felt comfortable in her marriage to Shackleton. They had two children together: a son who died in infancy and a daughter who now lives in Australia.
After the Expedition, Shackleton stayed in the Royal Navy until 1905, when he was granted leave to travel to America where he planned to make some money then return to England to start a new life.
He traveled extensively but was particularly interested in exploring the poles. Shackleton was chosen to join the British naval commander Robert Falcon Scott's Antarctic expedition on the ship "Discovery" in 1901. Although originally intended as a consultant, Scott soon became obsessed with reaching the South Pole and ignored all warnings from his crew that weather conditions were too dangerous to attempt such a trip.
Shackleton played down Scott's ambitions and tried to keep morale up on what was now an impossible mission. When the "Discovery" was crushed by ice and sank, the team was saved by another vessel but Scott died before they could reach Antarctica. Shackleton returned home in 1904 after having failed to reach the pole but continued to play an important role in the development of polar exploration over the next few years. In 1907 he led a successful campaign to have himself appointed the first president of the Royal Geographical Society. He died in his sleep one night in 1915 while traveling by boat in England. He is still considered one of the greatest explorers in history.
Here are some other interesting facts about Ernest Shackleton:
He is known for his courage and bravery in facing danger.
Shackleton has been called the "King of the Ice Pack."
Admiral David Farragut joined the United States Navy at the age of nine and participated in the War of 1812 barely two years later. He had advanced to the position of prize master, the officer in charge of seized ships, by the age of 12. At that time the U.S. Navy did not require a license to sail vessels into New York City for sale or repair so Farragut could have been hired as a cabin boy even though he was already certified as an "able-bodied seaman."
He served in several naval actions during the war with Britain including the Battle of New Orleans where he was given command of the U.S. fleet. Farragut retired from active duty after 24 years but remained in the navy as a senior officer. In 1842 he was made commander in chief of the Pacific Ocean Squadron before being appointed president of West Point Academy. He held both posts until 1849 when he was made rear admiral.
After another four-year break Farragut was called back into service due to tensions with Mexico. He was given command of a new squadron consisting of five ships that were sent to prevent any more attacks on American vessels. In addition, Farragut led a group of sailors in searching out smuggling activities along the Texas coast. The mission proved successful and it resulted in the seizure of $80,000 worth of contraband.
According to his father, Shackleton was supposed to become a doctor, but at the age of 16, he joined the merchant navy and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. 3. Despite never accomplishing his aim of reaching the South Pole, he is considered as one of the most inspirational leaders of the twentieth century. 4. He died of heart failure while on board ship during a return voyage from Antarctica to Australia.
Shackleton's fellow sailors named their new ship after him. They also gave him a ceremonial title: "Captain". He had only been captain for a few hours when he fell overboard from his own ship into icy waters during a violent storm. Although he survived the fall, he was unable to swim and was drowned.
Shackleton was 46 years old.
In conclusion, Ernest Shackleton was born on April 22, 1874, in Upper Mitcham, South Africa. He was educated at St. Andrew's College in Maseru and then at Christ Church, Oxford. From 1898 to 1907, he worked with the British Antarctic Expedition, which was sponsored by Cambridge University. In 1909, he led an expedition to Antarctica himself, but failed to reach the South Pole. Nevertheless, his efforts inspired many people to work towards improving health care for injured veterans of war. In 1916, Shackleton became the first person to reach the South Pole overland. In 1922, he managed to reach the area now known as Antarctica during a second expedition.
He was quickly apprenticed to John Walker, a Quaker coalshipper. In his leisure time, Cook became an adept mathematician and was given command of his own ship, but he declined, and in 1755, he joined the Royal Navy as a sailor. Within a month of joining H.M.S. Eagle under Hugh Pallister's command, he was promoted to master's mate. Two years later, when Palliser was killed by a whale, Cook became captain of the vessel.
During his five years at the helm of the Eagle, Cook visited all the major continents, including Australia. In 1771, he returned home via Hawaii, where he traded goods with the natives for wood and metal objects. His visits had a profound effect on both naval and commercial practices; for example, he introduced the idea of using cannon balls made from molten lead instead of stone or bone.
In April 1773, after again visiting Australia, he returned to England aboard the Charlotte, which brought back news of the destruction of the colony of New South Wales by fire. Later that year, he married Elizabeth Hodges, a widow with three children, at St. George's Church in London. She was a close friend of Walker's daughter-in-law Mary Walker.
Cook went on to have four more children with his wife. In 1775, he took charge of another expedition, this time to Antarctica, where he discovered seven new islands. In 1776, he led an expedition into the Pacific Ocean and collected plants and minerals.