2nd of April, 2006 Indiana became the 48th state to observe statewide daylight saving time on April 2, 2006. In the fall, we turn our clocks back one hour to Eastern Standard Time, and in the spring, we put them back an hour to Eastern Daylight Time.
Originally, Indiana was not going to adopt DST, but then several counties decided to try it out anyway. So beginning in the fall of 2005, Indiana switched back and forth between DST and not switching. In March of 2006, after considering all the options, the Indiana State Legislature voted to keep DST year-round. This means that from now on, Indiana will always be on Eastern Time during the fall and winter months and always on Central Time in the spring and summer.
The decision to switch back and forth proved to be a bad idea because it forced businesses who didn't want to be open on DST days to either close their doors or operate under one standard time while people were changing their clocks. The state legislature decided to end this confusion by making Eastern Time the official time for all of Indiana in the autumn and spring seasons.
Before Indiana made the switch, many counties in the state had already adopted DST as their own personal business decision. Some did so to save money on electricity while others wanted to get in touch with the future and track solar eclipses. After Indiana made the switch, these other DST states followed suit.
There are 92 counties. 2006: Indiana becomes the 48th state to implement Daylight Saving Time throughout the board. Today, while Indiana officially observes Daylight Saving Time, only 12 of the state's 92 counties are on Central Time, with the others continuing on Eastern Time.
Counties that remain on Eastern Time include Allen, Brown, Carroll, Clark, Clinton, Crawford, Dubois, Fayette, Gibson, Harrison, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lewis, Logan, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Johnson, Kosciusko, Lake, Larue, Martin, Mercer, Miami, Monroe, Morgan, Owen, Parke, Perry, Putnam, Robertson, Scott, Shelby, Spencer, St. Joseph, Steuben, Sullivan, Taylor, Tippecanoe, Tyler, Vigo, and Wabash. Counties that do not observe Daylight Saving Time include Boone, Clay, Dearborn, Elkhart, Franklin, Grant, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Howard, Huntington, Knox, LaGrange, Lawrence, Marion, Marshall, Miami, Monroe, Porter, Putnam, Saint Joseph, Shelby, Spencer, Starke, Switzerland, Tipton, Union, Van Buren, Vigo, and Wayne.
In 2006, the state legislature passed a law that requires all Indiana businesses to switch their clocks back an hour during Daylight Saving Time, which goes into effect March 6, 2007.
Indiana is technically in the Central time zone, although some municipalities choose to observe fast time all year, thereby aligning themselves with the Eastern time zone. The Indiana Senate discreetly passed a bill in 1949 that would keep the state on Central time and make daylight-saving time illegal. But the House rejected the measure by a vote of 79 to 49.
However, since the state does not observe DST any more, it is considered a central time city. Indianapolis also uses Central Time as its default timezone. However, the city's official website states that "Indianapolis uses Eastern Time during daylight saving time". This means that when Indiana enters daylight saving time, it switches over to Eastern Time, and when it exits, it returns to Central Time.
During World War I, the federal government required that states move their clocks back one hour for daylight savings time. So, Indiana switched from Central to Eastern Time in 1918. After the war, states had the option of keeping the switch-over date or moving it back. Most chose to retain Eastern Time through March 1st at 2am. Then, they would switch back to Central Time on March 25th at 2am.
In 1949, the federal government passed legislation making daylight saving time the law of the land. So, starting in 1951, Indiana began observing daylight saving time on April 8th at 2am.
We all observe Daylight Saving Time, so we set our clocks ahead an hour on March 2nd and back an hour on November 1st. Time Zones of Popular Indiana Cities and Towns
Daylight Saving Time is observed in South Bend, Indiana. The time change starts at 2am on March 03, 2018 and ends at 3am on April 02, 2018. During this time the clock moves forward one hour.
Why do we have daylight savings time? In 1916, Congress passed the Standard Time Act to help the war effort by establishing a national standard time schedule. Before that time, most countries used local sunlight for their own timetables; some still do. Since most of us use electricity to keep our homes warm and lights on during winter months, it makes sense to be able to depend on not having to turn them off and on each day. The idea for daylight savings time came from farmers who wanted more hours of sunlight during summer months. They believed that if they could get rid of daylight saving time, they would be able to work longer hours without losing any sleep. However, the government does not want you to think that summer lasts forever, so they created a system where states decide if they want to observe it or not.
Does South Bend, Indiana have anything else associated with daylight savings time? Yes, there are two other things that should be noted about daylight savings time.
In 1957, the Indiana General Assembly approved legislation making Central Time the state's official time zone, while allowing any city to adapt to daylight saving time during the summer. However, the rule made it unlawful for municipalities to follow "fast time" (i.e., daylight saving time) during the winter months. Thus, Indiana is one of a few states that has never adopted any form of daylight saving time.
The law was passed in response to concerns over energy usage during times of no electricity due to long winters without sunlight. By making standard time the default setting, businesses could plan their operations around the clock without having to consider the effects of switching their clocks back or forth each year.
Additionally, the state wanted to avoid having its residents travel across state lines to find work during the winter months. The law was also meant to improve the quality of life by reducing traffic accidents and other crimes that may occur due to impaired drivers when they fall asleep at the wheel.
Over the years, many studies have been conducted on the effects of adopting daylight saving time. Although some studies have shown that using daylight saving time can reduce the number of deaths caused by motor vehicle crashes during periods of heavy traffic, others have found no such correlation.
The state of Indiana has always chosen central time, which is based on the location of Indianapolis near the center of the country.
Indiana Time Zones The majority of the state follows Eastern Time, with Eastern Standard Time (EST) in the winter and Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) in the summer when DST is in effect. However, a small section of southern Indiana is one hour ahead of Eastern Time, which uses Central Time instead.
During DST, the clock is moved an hour ahead of UTC. So during DST, Indiana is actually on CST while most of the country is on CDT. When DST was first implemented in 1966, it only applied to April through October. Now every year except for 2001 when it was canceled entirely, Indiana has adopted some form of DST. There are two periods that can be considered separate instances of DST: March 8-April 1 and August 5-October 1. During these times, Indiana uses its own version of DST called "Central Time" which means the state is one hour behind Chicago and Detroit at the switch to DST and again when DST ends.
In 2017, Indiana will start DST on April 1 at 3 a.m. and end on October 1 at 3 a.m. The state switches back to standard time on November 1 at 3 a.m.