When no one party has a majority in a multiparty system, it must establish which of the following coalitions with other parties? Coalition Which of the following is typically associated with an authoritarian government? An executive branch office responsible for administering foreign policy. FALSE Presidents can reject offers from the minority party to join a coalition. They can even remove members of the minority party from office if they feel like it will help their chances of being re-elected. The president cannot make treaties without approval from Congress, but they can negotiate agreements that do not need to be ratified by Congress. This gives presidents more flexibility than in a parliamentary system where treaties must be approved by Parliament. In order to pass laws, at least half of both houses of Congress must vote in favor. If one house rejects a bill, then it can be brought back up for another vote, but if it remains rejected, then it cannot be considered again until the next legislative session.
When no one party has a majority in a multiparty system, it means that there is competition between many interests trying to get elected to Congress. Sometimes these different interests can form alliances against others. For example, farmers and workers may come together to fight against businesses or wealthy people. These alliances can be very temporary though; sometimes one group may decide they want nothing to do with another after all its members stand for election.
Because one party seldom receives a majority of votes in multiparty systems, coalition administrations are often...
"In multiparty systems, the legislature contains many minority parties, resulting in coalitions or, less frequently, minority administration by the major party," write Hague and Harrop. ( Simply put, multipartism refers to a party system with more than two parties. In a two-party system, either the Republicans or the Democrats win all of the elections. But in multi-party systems, different parties often win seats in the legislature.)
In Canada, our system is called "first past the post". This means that the candidate who receives the most votes in an election district wins even if they receive only 50% of the vote total - which means that their opponent's supporters' ballots are wasted. The result is that minorities can win seats in the federal parliament.
In Australia, the system is called "simple majority". This means that the candidate who receives at least 50% of the vote wins. If no one reaches this threshold, then we move on to round 2.. But only if there is a second place candidate. If not, then there is a run-off election between the first place candidates.
In India, the system is called "majority voting". This means that the candidate who receives more votes wins. If equal numbers of votes are cast for each candidate, then we move on to round 2..
The electoral system is one of the most important elements influencing the number of parties operating in a given nation. Because it assures representation in the legislature for even minor parties, proportional representation tends to favor the growth of multiparty systems.
Other parties do arise, but they typically do not have a chance to be represented in the government. Two-party systems are uncommon in democratic countries. Most democratic nations have chosen proportional representation and, as a result, have coalition administrations.
A coalition government is a legislative cabinet in which different parties work together. The main justification for this structure is that no single party can obtain a majority in parliament.
Chapter 16: Government
|Basic beliefs about government||Ideologies|
|Several parties combine forces to obtain a majority||Coalition Government|
|Any party other than one of two major parties||Third Party|
|All elected officials in the US are selected by this||Single-member district|
There is a multi-party system when there are more than two political parties and none of them have a possibility of establishing the government. In such cases, a coalition of political parties forms the government. The most common example of this situation is Italy where there are two major parties (Democrats and Republicans) and another three minor ones (Socialists, Communists and Greens).
Sometimes one of the major parties will form a coalition with some of the other small parties. For example, the Democrats may join forces with Socialists or Republicans. But usually only two parties reach an agreement and they are usually the biggest ones in terms of votes. A coalition government consists of members from both parties who work together for the good of the country.
In order to be accepted by the Parliament and become law, measures must be approved by both chambers of the national legislature. If there is no majority in either chamber, then a new election must be called.
The prime minister is the leader of the party that wins the most seats in Parliament. However many positions within that party may not be held by members of the House; instead, representatives are selected by internal elections. For example, the president of the Senate may not be from the largest party but instead may be selected by the other senators as part of an effort to reach consensus across parties.