This lends credence to Dr. Hendricksen's claim that the book of Revelation was penned about A.D. 95. Irenaeus claims that Revelation was written at the conclusion of Domitian's reign, and as Domitian ruled as Caesar from A.D. 81 to A.D. 96, Revelation's authorship date of A.D. 95 is the most credible. John's familiarity with the reign of Domitian is evident from his description of this ruler as "the son of perdition."
In addition, the words "son of perdition" were used by the Jews to describe someone who was abhorred by God and whom he would destroy. Since Domitian was a cruel ruler who persecuted Christians without mercy, he fits this description perfectly.
Furthermore, the book of Revelation was not included in the New Testament canon until around A.D. 100. As we have seen, Irenaeus states that Revelation was written during Domitian's reign, but it wasn't published until after the canon had been established. So Domitian's birth year has been estimated to be between A.D. 51 and 12.
Now, some skeptics claim that since the book of Revelation talks about events that happened after the death of Jesus, that these events could not have taken place during the lifetime of Domitian. However, this argument fails because the book of Revelation was not written for readers in the first century, but for people living in the second century.
Div, DHL Divinity, Pastoral Ministry, & Biblical Antiquities & Origins, Candler School of Theology-Emory University Revelation chapter 17 states unequivocally that Revelation was written between 69 and 79 AD, during Vespasian's rule. However, this dating is disputed by some scholars who claim that the book could not have been written before 90 AD or after 150 AD. They argue that there were no surviving sources from which John could have learned about events that occurred beyond his time frame.
The best explanation for why these scholars date the book so late is because they want to remove it from any connection with the New Testament era. For example, if we follow the argument that it could not have been written before 90 AD, then there would be no reason for Paul to mention it in his letters (1:9). And if it was written after 150 AD, then there would be no reason for him to refer to a book that had yet to be written (1:1).
Now, some scholars believe that John may have received visions beyond his own lifetime. They point to several passages in which John seems to allude to events that took place during his time but that he could not have known about personally.
There is no record that gives trustworthy evidence for the year Revelation was penned. Justin Martyr provides the earliest convincing proof for the existence of the Book of Revelation. He wrote around 150 A.D., so it could have been as late as 100 years after John's death (around 165 A.D.).
Justin does not refer to Revelation by name, but instead quotes from it. These quotations include descriptions of visions that many scholars believe they were referring to the Book of Revelation.
Other early writers including Tatian (about 175), Aristeas (about 195), and Clement of Alexandria (about 200) also quote from or allude to the Book of Revelation. However these writers do not mention it by name, so it is difficult to know exactly what they were quoting from or addressing with their comments.
The first writer to use the term "Revelation" in connection with the book was Tertullian, about 200 A.D.
Early Christians did not use formal titles for their writings, so we cannot be sure that those who quoted from or referred to the Book of Revelation meant to do so. It may be that they simply mentioned a document that included descriptions of visions that some people today call "the Book of Revelation."
96 C.E. The Book of Revelation was composed in Asia Minor about the year 96 CE. The author was most likely "John the Elder," a Christian from Ephesus. According to the Bible, this John was on the island of Patmos, off the coast of Asia Minor, "because of God's message and Jesus' witness" (Rev. 1.10). He may have been sent there by the church at Ephesus because he was one of its leaders.
In addition to being the oldest book in the New Testament, the Book of Revelation has also been called the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Apocalypse of Jesus, and the First Letter from James. It is important for understanding who Jesus is and what he has done for us through his death on the cross. The writer of the Book of Revelation saw all that was happening in the world around him and knew that the end times were approaching, so he wrote as an encouragement to the Christians living in Asia Minor during those days.
The Book of Revelation was probably not intended for reading by ordinary people but rather for religious leaders and others who were involved in the movement then going by the name "Christians." However, since it includes messages for everyone else too, it is safe to say that the Book of Revelation was written for everyone who wants to know more about Jesus and how they can be part of his plan now that he has returned to heaven after dying on the cross at Calvary.
The final book, written around 95 AD, was Revelation by John in the first century. Origen (who died in 253 AD) was almost certainly aware of the ultimate canon, but there were still disagreements over several texts. The canon of 27 books was stated in a letter in 367 AD, but it was not reaffirmed until a Synod in 397 AD.
Early Christians shared their belief that the Bible was the word of God in writing and teaching. In addition to the New Testament, other writings were recognized as divinely inspired during this time period. These other documents include the Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. There were also some groups who believed that Moses did not write all of the material attributed to him, including Joshua, Judges, and Samuel. However, they were not given equal status with the other writings that were considered part of the Word of God.
In the early 5th century, Pope Innocent I declared that the Bible is complete from Genesis/Exodus through 2 Kings and Leviticus, and that no additional book could be added to it. He also stated that the prophets after Jeremiah included were not to be counted as new books, but rather as parts of the words of Jeremiah.