In the Hebrew Bible, Isaiah 63:16 (JP) says, "For you are our father, for Abraham did not know us, nor did Israel acknowledge us; you, O [YHWH], are our father; our redeemer from the beginning is your name." According to Judaism, God is given the fatherly function of protection. He is called their father because of his relationship to them.
The New International Version translates this verse as follows: "So we will give thanks to you forever for your loving-kindness, because you have made us like yourself." The New King James Version simplifies the sentence by combining the two sentences together: "So we will give thanks to you with all our heart, for you alone are our father."
Psalm 2:7 says, "You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore, God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of joy instead of mourning." The New King James Version translates this verse as follows: "Therefore, God loves you more than people who live only on bread without fish."
God is also referred to as Father when speaking about him within the context of faith in Jesus Christ. For example, Paul refers to God as our father in both Ephesians 3:14 and 2 Timothy 1:8.
The term "father" is rarely used to describe God in the Old Testament, but it does appear in at least two major verses. Both are found at the conclusion of Isaiah and are used in the context of sin and repentance. The prophet appeals to both Israel and Judah to return to God, confess their sins, and he will once again be their father.
The first occurrence of the word "father" in Isaiah 53:6 is a reference to Jesus. He has been called this by various authors including Paul, John, and Charles Spurgeon. Jesus experienced death, which was considered a disgrace for a father, and was then resurrected from the dead, which is what makes him a good candidate for the title.
Jesus said in Matthew 11:27 that he came to give his life as a ransom for many. This represents the ultimate sacrifice that a father makes for his children. By sacrificing himself, Jesus satisfied the demands of the law so that we can be saved from our sins and inherit eternal life.
In Romans 8:15, 19-22, we are told that those who believe in Jesus will not die yet they will experience destruction. This refers to judgment and redemption at the same time. Those who trust in Christ will be saved from their sins but also given the chance to see them punished instead. This way their sins will be wiped away and they will be given eternal life.
Abraham was the Hebrew people's forefather. Through him all the Jews today are descendants of Isaac and Ishmael, his sons with Sarah. Judaism takes this fact for granted but many Christians don't know it!
When you become a Christian, you are baptized into the family of Abraham. It means that you now have a connection to everyone in that family - even if you can't say you're related by blood. Through baptism you are joined to them and they to you.
In the Old Testament, God told Abraham that through his offspring all nations on earth would be blessed. Since then, every Jewish boy is taught about his connection to Israel's past and future leaders. Christianity too has always believed that Jesus is the son of Abraham. He is called "Jesus Christ, Son of David" (Mark 12:7).
The Bible says that God changed the language of the children of Israel so that only those who heard it would understand what he wanted them to know. Just as we speak different languages, ancient Jews spoke hundreds of different dialects, so God decided to use missionaries to spread the word about Jesus.