Who appointed Sotomayor and Kagan to the Supreme Court?

Who appointed Sotomayor and Kagan to the Supreme Court?

President Barack Obama was successful in appointing two justices to the United States Supreme Court. The first was Judge Sonia Sotomayor, who was appointed to fill the gap left by Justice David H. Souter's resignation. The second was Justice Elena Kagan, who was nominated to replace the retired Justice John Paul Stevens.

Both appointments were through nomination and confirmation by the president, who can choose any federal judge within the circuit that does not require judicial experience to be appointed. Judges can also be selected from state courts or other federal courts. In fact, all but one of the current justices had previously served as judges on lower courts.

Obama chose Sotomayor from May 26, 2009, until April 17, 2010, when she was confirmed by the Senate. He then went back and chose Kagan from November 6, 2010, until June 29, 2012, when she also was confirmed by the Senate.

These dates reflect the time between election and appointment, during which time a new president takes office. A new president has never failed to appoint a justice, but some replacements have taken longer than others. For example, President William Howard Taft waited over a year before making a replacement for deceased Justice James Clark McReynolds, while Roosevelt made his third appointment in less than a month after hearing from voters about their preferences.

For what did Barack Obama nominate Sonia Sotomayor?

On May 26, 2009, President Barack Obama announced the appointment of Judge Sonia Sotomayor as Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court to replace retiring Justice David Souter. Prior to her appointment, Sotomayor was a judge on the New York City Civil Court.

Obama said that Sotomayor is the first Hispanic and third female justice and that she will provide "a fresh perspective" on the court. He also praised her ability to resolve cases without relying on either side to offer concessions, saying that he looked forward to working with her during his presidency.

Sonia Rosa Sotomayor y Gámez was born on August 4, 1954, in Puerto Rico, the only child of Rose (née Mallo) and José Sotomayor Sr., who worked for the New York City Board of Education and retired with a pension. Her parents were both of Spanish ancestry, but her father's family had been living in Puerto Rico for several generations while her mother's family was from Spain. She has two brothers, one older and one younger. When she was eight years old, her family moved to the Bronx, New York, where her father took a job teaching mathematics at P.S. 149. They later moved to another Bronx neighborhood where her father worked as a security guard.

What court does Sonia Sotomayor currently sit on?

Sonia Maria Sotomayor (Spanish: ['sonja sotoma'jor]; born June 25, 1954) is an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. President Barack Obama nominated her on May 26, 2009, and she has served since August 8, 2009. She is the position's third female occupant.

Before becoming a judge, Sotomayor worked as an attorney for several years after graduating from Princeton University with a bachelor's degree in government in 1976. She first worked as an assistant district attorney in New York City before joining a law firm where she practiced for five years. In 1991, Sotomayor returned to criminal justice work as a trial counsel with the Department of Justice. In 1995, she became involved in the case that would eventually lead to Congress passing the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act, which included a provision granting federal judges more power to review their own decisions.

In 2001, Sotomayor was appointed by New York Governor George Pataki to be one of his judicial nominees to the New York State Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed her appointment by a vote of 63 to 33 on October 2, 2001. She resigned from the state court to take her current position on the United States Supreme Court.

On January 6, 2009, President-elect Obama announced his intent to nominate Sotomayor to replace the retiring John Paul Stevens on the Supreme Court.

Who did President Bush appoint to the Supreme Court?

John G. Roberts, Jr. Notably, President Bush nominated three individuals to serve on the United States Supreme Court. On July 19, 2005, President Bush nominated Judge John G. Roberts. He was first nominated to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O'Connor as an Associate Justice. The Senate confirmed Roberts by a vote of 54-45 on October 8, 2005.

Bush also named Harriet Miers to the court. She had been serving as White House Counsel during the last months of President George W. Bush's administration. However, she lacked the support needed to win approval from the Senate. As a result, Bush appointed her to be an Associate Justice to provide him with some degree of continuity after he left office in 2009. Her appointment was criticized because of her lack of qualifications and her previous refusal to discuss possible nominations to the court. Roberts and Miers were both members of the Federalist Society -- one of many groups that help select nominees for the court.

The third judge nominated by Bush is currently serving on an interim basis - David H. Souter. Souter was originally appointed by Bush's predecessor, Bill Clinton, but his appointment expired when Clinton left office. After Senator Orrin Hatch introduced legislation to confirm Souter, Bush once again nominated him to a full term on the court. Souter was confirmed by the Senate on December 16, 2010 by a vote of 68-31.

About Article Author

Bob Patterson

Bob Patterson is a veteran of the U.S. Navy. He served for over 20 years, and during that time he traveled all over the world, including to active war zones. Bob's career involved intelligence work, but he decided to retire early so that he could spend more time with his family.

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