Mussolini, Benito Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who ruled Italy as a fascist dictator from 1925 until 1945. He was a revolutionary socialist before founding the paramilitary fascist organisation in 1919 and became Prime Minister in 1922. After rising to power by an electoral coup, he progressively dismantled virtually all constitutional and conventional restraints on his power, thereby building a police state. His "blackshirt" paramilitary squads are credited with killing approximately 70,000 people between 1919 and 1945 during Mussolini's rule of Italy.
Their main aim was to get rid of the old government system, which they saw as a huge obstacle in their plans for Italy to become a great nation at home and abroad. They also wanted to stop the spread of communism, which was becoming more popular among the workers. Communism was becoming popular because it offered a simple way out for people who were struggling against poverty, unemployment and fascism itself. Many communists believed that violence was necessary to create a better world where everyone had equal rights.
The blackshirts were often involved in attacks on other politicians or people who got in their way. These included leftists, liberals and anti-fascists. Some examples of these attacks include burning down houses where opponents lived or worked, killing them by beating them with fists or guns, and exposing them to extreme temperatures (like boiling water being poured over them).
Mussolini, Benito He was an Italian politician, journalist, and National Fascist Party leader who ruled the nation as Prime Minister from 1922 until 1943. He reigned lawfully until 1925, when he abandoned all pretense of democracy in favor of establishing a legal dictatorship. Mussolini's aggressive foreign policy and personal rule made him many enemies, and after his death in 1945, his former secretary of state Antonio Salandra became president.
In our lesson on fascism you will learn about its basic principles and how they differ from those of democratic capitalism. You will also learn about the key figures of the fascist movement in Europe and around the world.
Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who founded the fascist movement. He served as prime minister three times between 1919 and 1945 and is known for his energetic and aggressive foreign policy as well as for building large numbers of military facilities across Italy.
Mussolini was born on April 5, 1883 in Buonarroti, Italy to a wealthy family that owned a textile business. He received a good education and then went into politics as a revolutionary socialist. In 1914, Mussolini helped to form the paramilitary fascist movement called "Blackshirts" or "Aryans". The following year, he co-founded Il Duce (or "The Leader"), which became one of the most famous names in modern history.
Fascist Italy (Italia Fascista) was the reign of the National Fascist Party in the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 to 1943, with Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister. The party acquired power after an electoral coup, when its paramilitary squads "blackshirt" squads ("camicie nere") beat opponents and put down political protests.
Mussolini called for a revolution that would bring about "the fusion of politics with business," which he claimed was absent from modern society. He wanted to create a new man who would be strong, aggressive, and loyal only to himself. This new man would become the fascist ideal reader. In order to achieve this goal, Mussolini created a new government system that would give every member a voice but still control them all through intimidation. The party grew rapidly, becoming the most powerful in Parliament by late 1929. In 1933, it became an official state party, with Mussolini appointed Prime Minister by President Roosevelt during World War II. However, in 1940, Mussolini declared war on France and Britain, causing him to lose support among Italian citizens who saw him as a traitor. In October of that year, he was removed from office by King Victor Emmanuel III and went into exile in northern Africa. After several months there, he returned to run again for prime minister but died before the election could take place.
The Italian Empire was created in 1911 and dissolved in 1946 at the end of the Second World War.
The prime minister is the head of government and commands the support of the cabinet. In Italy, there is no clear distinction between these two offices; instead, they are considered three distinct but equal parts of government: executive, legislative and judicial.
Benito Mussolini became the first fascist dictator when he seized power in Italy in 1925. Under his leadership, fascism became a worldwide political movement, and it continues to exist even today. After about 10 years in power, he was forced out by his own paramilitary squads but not before leading Italy into World War II. He was eventually executed for treason.
The king at that time was Victor Emmanuel III. He was the last monarch of the House of Savoy and he reigned over Italy from 1869 until his death in 1945. Before becoming king, he was the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and he led them in the First Italo-Ethiopian War and the First World War.