In brief, the Declaration of Independence states that citizens are the source of a government's authority. They should have the authority to choose who rules them, and those in power must uphold the most fundamental rights of the governed or risk being deposed and replaced. This is known as representation.
Citizens are the source of government power in both the federal system (where they elect representatives who can then pass laws) and the majority of state governments (which derive their power directly from the people). The United States and Alaska are the only jurisdictions where sovereignty is not vested in the people. Instead, they are ruled by elected officials who represent groups other than the public. These are called monarchies.
In most countries, including all members of the European Union, a government exists because there is no single entity or body that can be said to represent the will of the people. Government is instead an agreement or contract between individuals or groups who share power and responsibility for making decisions about issues such as law and order, economics, and education. In return for giving up some of their freedom and liberty, citizens gain protection from crime, a fair trial, and other benefits.
All governments require money to operate and so they are always looking for ways to raise funds.
The government derives its authority to rule from the people it governs, according to the Declaration of Independence. Governments, as stated in the Declaration, are created among men, deriving their rightful powers from the consent of the governed. The government's power is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.
In the executive branch, the president commands the army and navy and signs bills into law. In the legislature, laws are passed by elected representatives. In the judiciary, judges decide cases before them based on law and evidence.
The Declaration states that governments are instituted for the benefit of mankind. Thus, they must act in accordance with the public good. This means that governments should serve the people rather than vice versa. A government that acts only in accordance with its own interests will not be able to represent its people well. It will lose its legitimacy and cease to exist.
All human institutions are inherently political, meaning that they involve a choice between different groups or individuals. For this reason, every institution has advocates who argue that it is better because of various advantages that it gives one over others. But only a few of these arguments are worth considering because most are simply attempts to justify existing inequalities.
For example, teachers advocate for more funding for education because they believe this will allow them to do a better job teaching students.
Hover to find out more. According to the Declaration of Independence, the authority of the government is derived from the agreement of the people. This is one of the major concepts of John Locke's worldview, which affected Thomas Jefferson when he drafted the Declaration of Independence. For Locke, the only legitimate source of authority is the people, who convey their consent through a process called "legislation."
Locke believed that people are social animals and will not be satisfied with living alone in a wilderness. Therefore, they need something to cooperate with, which can be done by joining together in a society and agreeing on rules that help everyone live together in harmony. The way this cooperation takes place is through "agreements" between individuals who want to set up a government to protect themselves from others who might be willing to abuse their power.
In order for these agreements to be valid, they have to be made freely with full knowledge of the consequences before they are signed. If anyone tries to take advantage of you after making an agreement this way, you have the right to break it.
According to Locke, the only purpose of government is to provide security for its citizens against external threats and to regulate internal conflicts over property. It should not interfere with people's rights to worship God how they choose or rule themselves as they see fit otherwise there would be no point in having a government at all.