Crapo, Mike (Republican Party). Idaho Senator James Risch (Republican Party)/Senators who did not serve in office at the time of their election: Pete V. Domenici (Republican), John M. McCool (Democratic).
Idaho has never had a female senator, nor has it ever had an Asian American senator. It also hasn't had a Mormon senator since 1977, when George McGovern (D-South Dakota) became the first.
McGovern was born in South Dakota to a family of Danish and Norwegian ancestry. He was raised in St. Louis by his parents after his father died when he was five years old. He graduated from Stanford University with a bachelor's degree in political science in 1946 and received a master's degree from Harvard University in 1947. After serving in the United States Army from 1947 to 1949, he went to work for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee as an investigator for the committee staff. In 1951, McGovern married Vera Coking, with whom he had three children. The couple divorced in 1975.
In 1969, McGovern ran for president as a member of the Peace and Freedom party but lost the primary to Alabama governor Albert Brewer. However, he gained national attention when he challenged U.S.
Crapo was elected to the Senate in 1996 and re-elected in 2000. He is a member of the Committee on Finance and Banking and the Select Committee on Intelligence.
He also serves on the Foreign Relations Committee and the Special Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Warfare and Human Rights.
Before being elected to the Senate, Crapo served three terms as the governor of Idaho. Before that, he was a congressman for eight years. He has also worked in banking and as a real estate developer.
His wife's name is Carole; they have two children.
Shepherd, Orrin G. (Republican).
Orrin G. Shepherd was appointed to the Senate by Idaho's governor in January 2015 to replace Senator Jim Risch who had been elected vice president of the United States. He currently sits on the Commerce Committee and the Environment and Public Works Committee.
Shepherd has also worked in government for most of his life.
Simpson, Mike (Republican Party). Simpson was first elected to the House in 2008. The district includes most of the northern half of the state, including all of Grand Island, Lewis and Clark County, Minidoka County, and a small portion of Kootenai County.
Before becoming a member of Congress, Simpson served three terms as mayor of Coeur d'Alene, beginning in 1995. He also worked as an assistant manager for Safeway Inc.
Simpson received a bachelor's degree in political science from Portland State University and a master's in public administration from Boise State University.
He is married to Mary Kay Simpson and has two children. They live in Coeur d'Alene.
Mike Simpson is the second Republican to represent Idaho's 1st Congressional District in Washington. His predecessor, Larry Bucshon, who had been elected to four consecutive terms in the seat, died in office in April 2008 after being diagnosed with cancer earlier that year. Before then, Democrats held every seat in Idaho's congressional delegation.
The state joined the Union on July 3, 1890, and its U.S. senators are from Classes 2 and 3. Idaho currently has two senators, Republicans Mike Crapo and Jim Risch. Crapo was elected to his first term in 2016, while Risch was elected to his third term in 2020.
Idaho has only had three other governors: Frank E. Cole, William J. O'Neill, and Cecil D. Andrus. Cole was elected to a single term in 1959, O'Neill served out the rest of President Gerald Ford's term after Spessard Holland died in office, and Andrus completed his second term before dying in office in 1975.
Andrus was born in Wallace, Idaho, and he graduated from Stanford University with a degree in political science in 1924. He went on to earn a master's degree in economics from George Washington University four years later. After graduating from college, Andrus worked as a research economist with the Bureau of Economic Analysis before being appointed director of agriculture by California Governor Culbert Olson in 1939. He held this position until 1945 when he was elected governor himself. In 1950, Andrus ran for president on the American Labor Party ticket but lost to the Republican incumbent, Harry S. Truman. Two years later, however, he won the vice presidency under the banner of the Democratic Party.
Grassley, Chuck (Republican Party) Ernst, Joni (Republican Party) Iowa/Senators Republicans Chuck Grassley (served since 1981) and Joni Ernst are the state's current U.S. senators (serving since 2015). Before becoming a senator, Grassley was a dairy farmer and attorney. Ernst was a senior executive at Brownfield Fundraising Inc., a private equity firm, before being elected to Congress.
They were elected on November 4, 2014 to serve out the remaining months of Sen. Tom Harkin's term, which expired on January 3, 2015. Grassley won election to a full six-year term, while Ernst ran unopposed for her seat.
Both senators are from Iowa's Republican Party and vote together on most issues before the midterm elections. If one of them is absent from Congress during a voting session, the other can vote in their place.
Ernst is the first female Senator from Iowa and the second from Nebraska (after Pat Roberts). She is also the first woman who has been elected as Iowa's governor or U.S. senator.
She was appointed to the Senate to replace former Sen. Kay Hagen, who retired after 24 years in office. Hagen had been appointed to fill the vacancy left by Jim DeMint when he became president of The Heritage Foundation in July 2010.