The 1992 presidential election in the United States was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election, conducted on Tuesday, November 3, 1992. Arkansas Democratic Governor Bill Clinton beat incumbent Republican President George H.W. Bush, Texas independent businessman Ross Perot, and a handful of smaller contenders. The election was one of the most contentious in history; it featured political attacks that many have called the "War of the 90's."
Clinton won the popular vote by a margin of 2.1 percent (500,000 votes), but due to electoral college rules he only won in Arkansas and Massachusetts. His victory was the first for an Arkansas Democrat since William J. Clinton became president eight years earlier. Businessman Ross Perot received 19% of the vote, which at the time was a high percentage. The election is also remembered for the role played by third-party candidate Ross Perot, who challenged both Democrats and Republicans during the campaign.
Perot's presence in the race caused damage to both parties, contributing to their losses. But his criticism of government in general and the media in particular made him an influential figure whose impact continued long after he left the scene. He died in 1993 at the age of 64 after suffering from lymphoma.
During Clinton's presidency there has been much discussion about whether the office of the president should be limited to two terms.
Texas was won by incumbent President George H. W. Bush (R-Texas) with 40.56 percent of the popular vote, with Governor Bill Clinton (D-Arkansas) with 37.08 percent. Ross Perot (I-Texas), a businessman, placed third with 22.01 percent of the popular vote. Clinton eventually won the national election, beating incumbent President George W. Bush. The Texas voting result was seen as important to the overall outcome because it gave Bush enough votes to avoid a run-off election.
Texas has been a Republican state since its founding in 1845. However, there have been times when voters have chosen Democratic candidates. In 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson (D) became the first Democrat to win the presidency without carrying Texas. Since then, no Democrat has managed to do so again.
In 1992, Texas had 20 electoral votes up for grabs, more than any other state. Bush carried every county except Collin County, which went for Clinton. Dallas County, home to nearly 2 million people, accounted for 29 percent of the vote cast in Texas.
According to one study, if Gore had won just two fewer states than he did (including Texas), then the outcome of the 2000 presidential election would have been contested in court. The study also found that if Gore had won Texas, then he would have ended up with at least 269 votes in the Electoral College compared to Bush's 266 votes.
Democratic President Bill Clinton was re-elected, but Republicans maintained majorities in both chambers of Congress. Clinton won the presidential election by defeating Republican nominee Bob Dole and independent candidate Ross Perot, receiving 379 of the 538 electoral votes. The election was particularly notable for its high degree of partisanship and controversy.
Clinton's victory was due in large part to his strong performance among women and minorities. He also benefited from a weak economy under former President Ronald Reagan that hurt Dole and Perot.
Minority voters made up a larger share of the electorate than ever before, with Latinos making significant gains. Women were also increasingly influential - they made up 51 percent of the vote compared to 49 percent four years earlier. And they tended to support Clinton: Among women voters, he received 81 percent of the vote compared to 19 percent for Dole.
In addition to being the first female presidential candidate of a major party, Clinton is also the first president who is married to another person. His wife, Hillary, was elected Secretary of State in 2009.
The economy was growing slowly but steadily when Clinton took office in January 1993, but it collapsed into a deep recession less than a year later. Unemployment reached 7% by October 1994, a record high for this point in the cycle.
The 1972 presidential election in the United States was the 47th quadrennial presidential election. It took place on Tuesday, November 7, 1972. Democratic U.S. Senator George McGovern of South Dakota beat incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon of California. The election is most remembered for its political circus nature, including the famous "Happy Birthday Mr. President" card sent to celebrate Nixon's 70th birthday and spread across the Internet.
Nixon had been elected in 1968 with only 43 percent of the vote, but by 1972 his approval rating was below 30 percent. His campaign was marked by scandal, beginning with the Watergate Scandal that broke in June 1972. This led to the eventual resignation of former Vice President H. Ross Perot when he refused to cooperate with investigators looking into the matter.
McGovern, a senator since 1963, was an influential figure in the Democratic Party. He gained national attention by winning the nomination at the 1972 Democratic National Convention by offering a "peace plan" for Vietnam. The GOP selected Governor William Regan of Ohio as their candidate; he defeated Senator Edmund S. Muskie of Maine for the nomination. The Libertarian Party nominated former New York City Mayor and television host Gary Johnson for president and Judge James McClure for vice president. The Socialist Workers Party put forth activist Joan Baez and artist Bob Cranshaw as candidates for president and vice president, respectively.