1 response It was a political organization led by Lenin, who believed that in a restrictive society such as Tsarist Russia, the party needed to be disciplined and regulate the quantity and quality of its members. He believed in the socialist idea.
2. The Bolshevik Party was founded in April 1903 by several socialists who had been expelled from other parties for their revolutionary views. The main founders were Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin), Alexander Bogdanovich Ulrich (Trotsky), and Georgi Plekhanov.
3. They called themselves "Bolshevik" which means "majority" or "majority"; it was also the name of a Russian revolutionary newspaper they started in January 1904.
4. The party's goal was to create a communist state in which all property would be owned collectively and there would be no place for an aristocracy or a bourgeoisie.
5. The word "Bolshevik" became associated with violence and chaos. In October 1917, just prior to the Russian Revolution, many people fled the Bolsheviks because they knew they would get violent if they didn't get their way.
6. The Bolsheviks took power in Russia in November 1917 after a successful coup d'état.
What exactly were the Bolsheviks? Answer: It was a socialist party led by Lenin in Russia.
Bolshevik means "majority" or "bigger part" in Russian. In 1917, when the Bolshevik Party took control of Russia, there were more Russians under Soviet rule than there were members of the Bolshevik Party. So the term "Bolshevik" came to mean "one who agrees with Bolshevism," or "socialist."
In Russia, all political parties are banned. So when the Bolsheviks started out as a small group of revolutionaries in Switzerland in 1898, they didn't have any way of getting themselves heard by the public. But they did manage to get some support from workers, because at that time there were many problems between workers and farmers in Russia. Workers were exploited by their employers, while farmers were taxed into poverty by the government. The Bolsheviks wanted to solve these problems by creating a country where both workers and farmers would be able to live in peace and prosperity.
The word "Bolshevik" first appeared in print in a newspaper article written by Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (better known by his revolutionary name, Lenin).
It began in Russia at the turn of the twentieth century, and was connected with the actions of the Bolshevik faction within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party—most notably, the faction's founder, Vladimir Lenin. The party became widely known as "the Bolsheviks" (meaning "the revolutionaries") after their annual meeting in April 1917 when they voted to change their name to "The Russian Communist Party".
Bolshevik was a new word that had not been used before by any other political party or organization, so it was necessary for the party to choose one meaning under which they would be known. They decided to use this term because they believed that only they could bring about a truly revolutionary transformation of society. This was especially important since "revolution" had such negative connotations for many people - including many members of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party itself - so the choice of a positive name was seen as a sign of hope.
In Russia, as well as elsewhere, there were many different opinions within the party about what role Lenin should play in relation to actual politics. Some argued that since he had become leader of the party simply by default, there was no reason for him to take part in decision-making processes. Others felt that since revolution was going to be needed soon, it was important for Lenin to remain in charge until after our own country had had its chance.
From its inception, the Soviet Union's administration was founded on the Communist Party's one-party control (Bolsheviks). The Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party is the highest decision-making body of the party. It consists of about twenty members, who are elected by delegates from local parties across the country.
The only other significant organization within the government was the Council of People's Commissars, which acted as a cabinet of ministers. The commissars were appointed by the Central Committee and could be removed from office at any time. They were in charge of all aspects of Soviet life: education, science, culture, media, economy, defense—you name it. There were several committees set up by the Central Committee to help them make decisions more efficiently; for example, the Politburo is responsible for major policy decisions while the Presidium makes recommendations regarding those policies.
The Soviet Union was not a single homogeneous entity. Rather, it was a collection of different regions with their own identities and interests. Within the Kremlin, power was divided among several leaders who directed national affairs but did not have full control over certain sectors of the economy or society.