When Republicans attempted to pass the Freedmen's Bureau Bill and the Civil Rights Bill, Johnson vetoed both, claiming that the laws would allow too many agents to exert arbitrary control over white people. As a result, Congress enforced its own rehabilitation strategies. The 13th Amendment provided that no citizen should be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, but it also included an exception for cases of rebellion or invasion. The 14th Amendment extended basic rights to former slaves. It also outlawed slavery as it existed in every state at the time. These amendments were not meant to benefit only black Americans-they also served to guarantee certain rights to whites as well.
After the war, many Southern states refused to give up their authority over blacks. They prevented freedpeople from exercising their right to vote and denied them other public services. In 1866, Congress passed the first of several measures designed to ensure that former slaves would be given full citizenship rights. The 15th Amendment abolished slavery nationwide. The 17th Amendment gave women the right to vote, and the 28th Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment, which had granted women the right to vote.
In 1898, Congress passed the first of several civil rights acts. This law ended discrimination in public accommodations and employment. It also required voting districts to be redrawn so that they would be equal in population.
President Johnson was adamantly opposed. He vetoed the Freedmen's Bureau Bill, stating that it would balloon the government's size. He vetoed the Civil Rights Act, opposing the notion that blacks and whites had the "equal rights to property and person." He also vetoed a bill providing for federal aid to education because it violated the principle of state sovereignty.
In addition to vetoing legislation, President Johnson used his executive powers to implement many reforms. For example, he ordered the expansion of educational opportunities for blacks by establishing hundreds of schools and hiring thousands of teachers. He also fought for women's rights and helped pass the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
In conclusion, Lyndon B. Johnson was one of the most influential presidents in American history. During his time in office, he passed several major pieces of legislation that changed the country forever. He also used his power as president to help those who were suffering due to the effects of the Vietnam War. His legacy will be remembered for years to come.
Reconstruction of Congress. Despite widespread support for the law, President Johnson maintained that it was an illegal expansion of military authority because wartime conditions no longer existed. Congress did overrule Johnson's veto of the Freedmen's Bureau, allowing it to continue operating until the early 1870s.
Reconstruction under President Obama. Johnson, on the other hand, issued his own reconstruction proclamation on May 29, 1865, which was generally in keeping with Lincoln's plan. Johnson, like Lincoln, believed that the southern states had never officially left the Union, and he stuck to the majority of Lincoln's 10% plan.
Reconstruction of Congress. It made it illegal for any state to deprive someone of their life, liberty, or property without "due process of law." It prohibited any state from denying someone "equal protection of the laws." It barred former Confederates from running for federal or state office.