Timorese Portuguese is a relic of the 16th century Portuguese dominion of Timor-Leste (known as Portuguese Timor). It had its initial encounter during the Portuguese explorations of the East, but it was mostly exposed to Portuguese Timor in the 18th century when the Netherlands separated it from the rest of the island. After the dissolution of the Dutch Empire in 1815, Portugal acquired the territory, and it has been a part of Portugal's overseas province of Timor since 1825.
The language is now spoken by about 500,000 people worldwide, most of whom are in East Timor and Portugal. It is also one of the official languages of the United Nations.
Portuguese came to East Timor with the colonists from Portugal. At that time, there were only 6,000 Timorese people on the entire island. Most of them did not have access to schools where their children could be taught Portuguese; instead, they learned it from colonial officials and priests. By 1920, almost all Timorese were speaking Portuguese. After World War II, when Portugal opened its borders to immigrants from other countries, many Timorese people came to East Timor from other parts of Indonesia. They brought Portuguese with them. Today, you can find people in East Timor who speak Portuguese, Indonesian, Malay, or Dusun.
Timor Portugues (Portuguese: Timor Portugues) refers to East Timor during its historical time as a Portuguese colony, which lasted from 1702 until 1975. Portugal shared the island of Timor with the Dutch East Indies throughout the most of this time. ... Portuguese Timor-Leste.
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And the Portuguese influence is because East Timor was a Portuguese colony for almost 200 years. Timor-Leste lies in Southeast Asia, amid the Indonesian islands, near Papua New Guinea and Australia. It has an area of about 180,000 square miles and a population of about 2 million people.
In the late 15th century, Portugal began to explore eastward from its base in Africa. In 1498, Pedro Álvares Cabral reached Brazil and claimed it for Portugal. In 1500, Diogo de Melo Ortiz landed on what is now the coast of East Timor and named it Terceira Island. He also claimed it for Portugal. A few months later, Portugal and Indonesia signed a treaty of friendship and trade. The treaty allowed Portugal to build roads and trading posts in return for importing spices and silk from India.
As part of this agreement, the Portuguese government gave land rights to several Europeans who were working with them on their ships. One of these men was João Pereira. He had been born in India but lived in Portugal. Under the terms of the treaty, he was given control of Timor island along with 10 other settlers. Their children and grandchildren formed the native-portuguese aristocracy of East Timor. They spoke a mixture of Portuguese and Indonesian until the 1950s when language policies changed and now only speaks Portuguese.
History. On 1520, the Portuguese arrived in Timor in pursuit of spices. Indonesia invaded and seized East Timor in 1976, following conflict between different parties seeking independence from Portugal, after East Timor proclaimed independence from Portugal on November 28, 1975. The United Nations has recognized Indonesian sovereignty over East Timor since 1991.
Today, Portugal still claims Timor as its territory but it is not involved in international affairs regarding the island. Portugal just wants to use its influence with Indonesia to help resolve disputes between Indonesia and East Timor over maritime boundaries. In addition, Portugal provides technical assistance to East Timor's government and society.
In 2007, Portugal opened an embassy in Jakarta to represent both countries' interests. Indonesia also has an embassy in Lisbon.
Timor-Leste culture is strong, distinct, and influenced by a variety of factors, including traditional animist beliefs; a former Portuguese colony; the impact of WWII; the more recent Indonesian invasion and spirited Timorese resistance; the role of the Catholic Church, and the effects of other minority groups such as Chinese. Modern influences have also had an effect on culture. For example, most Timorese now live within Indonesia, so they suffer from many of its disadvantages (such as poor health care) but enjoy some benefits too (such as access to school).
There are several aspects of Timor-Leste culture that set it apart from others. First, there is the influence of religion. Although most Timorese are Muslim, there is also a significant population of Catholics. This has had an impact on social behavior: for example, women can wear clothes that show off their legs but not their faces! It has also had an impact on daily life: for example, Christians are allowed to build churches without government permission.
Another distinctive feature of Timor-Leste culture is its language. Called Tetum, it's a dialect of Malay that was previously spoken by many people in Southeast Asia but is now only used by residents of Timor-Leste.
Finally, there is a lot of diversity within Timor-Leste culture. There are differences between urban and rural areas, for example, and even between different regions.
Ties between East Timor and Portugal are the bilateral relations between Portugal and East Timor (Timor Leste). Timor-Leste has an embassy in Lisbon, while Portugal maintains a consulate in Dili. East Timor was a Portuguese colony for nearly 400 years. Both nations are members of the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries.
How did Portugal become involved with East Timor? After gaining independence from Indonesia in 2002, many former colonies such as East Timor became concerned about future economic support from Portugal. In 2004, former President Xanana Gusmão sent an official letter to the government of Portugal requesting assistance with developing its economy. In response, Portugal agreed to provide $15 million in grants for social projects in East Timor. In addition, Portugal offered training programs for Timorese officials who would like to work with it on development projects.
What is the relationship between Portugal and East Timor now? Since their agreement in 2004, Portugal has continued to send financial support to East Timor. In 2014, Portuguese Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho announced that his country would give $7 million over three years to help relieve poverty in East Timor. This brings the total amount of funds provided by Portugal to $60 million since it signed the agreement in 2004.
East Timor has an independent government but remains economically dependent on Portugal. It receives much of its funding from Australia and China, which have their own interests in the region.
Timorese are a racially mixed people with Melanesian and Malay ancestors. Furthermore, like in other previous Portuguese colonies where interracial marriage was popular, there is a tiny group of persons of mixed Timorese and Portuguese descent, known as Mestico in Portuguese. Today, most Timorese are ethnically Melanesian with a small minority who are predominantly Christian.
In the census of 2010, 72% of Timorese identified themselves as ethnic Timorese while 28% as members of another ethnicity. The main groups were reported to be Tetum (54%) and Portuguese (21%). Other minorities included Indonesian (7%), Italian (1%) and Chinese (1%).
In terms of religion, 83% of the population is estimated to be Catholic while 10% follow another religion and 7% are non-religious.
The majority of Timorese are indigenous peoples of Indonesia's easternmost province of Timor-Leste. They speak Portuguese as their first language but many also speak Tetun.
Timor-Leste became an independent country on 30 September 2002 after decades of occupation by Indonesia. The country's name is derived from that of its largest island, Timor.
Timor-Leste's capital city is Díli and its population is estimated to be just over 1 million people.