Understanding the causes of enhanced agricultural technology adoption is a critical component of raising agricultural production and smallholder incomes in order to eliminate poverty and hunger, the top two sustainable development goals. Adoption of new technologies can increase crop yields and livestock productivity, which are essential for alleviating poverty and hunger. It has been shown that once farmers experience a gain from using a new technology, they is less likely to revert back to traditional methods.
New technology adoption depends on the availability of knowledge about the technology, its costs, and its benefits. This research study focuses on the role of education in enhancing agricultural technology adoption. Education provides individuals with the skills they need to use technology effectively. It also creates a more informed society where people are aware of what technologies are available and their advantages and disadvantages. All these factors influence whether or not will be able to adopt new technologies.
Education plays an important role in enabling individuals to benefit from new technological developments. It increases awareness about existing technologies and their potential benefits, which leads to their adoption by farmers. Further, educated farmers are more likely to be employed in occupations requiring use of technology, which may lead to learning from peers and colleagues.
Educated women have higher probabilities of adopting improved farming practices such as use of agrotextiles, mulching, and intercropping.
Agricultural Technology's Importance increased agricultural production Reduced usage of water, fertilizer, and pesticides, resulting in lower food prices. Natural habitats are less impacted. Chemical discharge onto rivers and groundwater is a concern.
How have farmers been affected by agricultural technology? Farmers who use agricultural technology see an increase in their productivity, which makes them more competitive in the market. In addition, they can focus on other aspects of their business instead of using much-needed time for research and development of new products or finding ways to use existing technologies more efficiently.
New agricultural technologies have also led to job creation. There are many companies that produce agricultural equipment because people enjoy working with tools that help grow our food supply. Also, new technologies allow for changes in production methods that require less labor intensity, such as high-tech farms that use sensors to detect problems before they affect the quality of the product.
Some rural areas have benefited from agricultural technology because it allows farmers to work outside the traditional growing season. This could be because of changes in climate that cause crops to fail even though enough rain falls to sustain normal growth. Or it could be because some farmers want to test out new varieties of seeds that might not do well during regular planting times but could provide benefits during off-season trials.
The agriculture sector's productivity was extremely poor due to the usage of outdated technologies and the lack of necessary infrastructure for the majority of farmers. The expansion of green revolution technologies helped India to attain food grain self-sufficiency. It aided in raising farmers' living standards. However, this trend has been criticized for its reliance on chemical fertilizer and industrial crops which have contributed to environmental pollution.
In order to improve the livelihoods of farmers and reduce our dependence on food imports, India has launched a new initiative called "National Agriculture Innovation Program (NAIP)" with an aim to develop innovative products and services for agriculture by funding research projects submitted by private companies as well as universities. The program was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his visit to Pune on 21 August 2015.
Under the program, the government will fund up to $100 million (Rs 600 crore) per year for product development activities including product prototyping, proof of concepts, and market analysis. The program will focus on five key areas - crop protection, dairy production, livestock health, poultry farming, and aquaculture.
It is expected that the program will contribute to create at least 50,000 jobs in the agriculture industry. Moreover, it will help Indian farmers adopt advanced agricultural practices that will increase their yield without using any chemical input.
India is one of the most vulnerable countries with respect to food security issues.