Congress has commissioned gold medals as the highest expression of national gratitude for remarkable achievements and services since the American Revolution. Each medal is named after a specific person, organization, or event.
The president decides who will receive a gold medal and what award will be given in his or her name. The president may choose to give no award or may give an individual medal. He or she can also choose to give out several awards at once.
It is the duty of the United States Congress to issue federal honors. They can be awarded to individuals, groups, institutions, and products manufactured in America.
Each federal honor consists of a gold medallion and a ribbon to wear with the medal. The president or someone else acting on his or her behalf presents the honor.
Only one person can be awarded each federal honor and they are chosen by Congress.
The only other option is for the president to grant a special presidential medal of freedom. This is more prestigious than a regular gold medal and it can be given to only two people per year. It was created in 1978 by President Carter to honor those who have shown exceptional courage in defending liberty throughout the world.
People who have been awarded a federal honor receive a certificate from the president stating this fact.
A Congressional Gold Medal has been bestowed upon 163 institutions, individuals, or events.
The first Congressional Gold Medal was awarded in 1931 for contributions to mathematics by George Washington University (now George Washington University School of Medicine). Since then, 16 more have been awarded.
In 2007, the Senate passed a resolution (79-16) recognizing the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birth and his role in creating the Department of State. It also recognized the contribution of Lewis and Clark to advancing knowledge of our country and the world.
The House of Representatives followed suit with its own resolution on July 4, 2007. The two resolutions were combined and sent to the President, who signed them into law on February 12, 2008.
They are administered by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Each medal is 36 cents ($0.36) and each ceremony associated with presentation of the medal costs $15,000 or more.
The total cost of the Congressional Gold Medal program is about $1 million per year.
A committee composed of members from both houses of Congress decides which individuals or groups will receive gold medals.
Concerning this item Dr. Ellis Debakey was formally awarded the Congressional Gold Medal on April 23, 2008, during a ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda.
Ellis DeBakey received the medal for his role in developing and implementing the first successful heart transplantation procedure in 1952. The surgery saved many lives and has become the standard treatment for severe heart failure today.
In addition to being recognized with a gold medal, Dr. Debakey was also made an honorary member of both the American College of Surgeons and the International Society of Heart & Lung Transplantation.
He died in 2008 at the age of 103.
The United States Congress bestows the Congressional Gold Medal. The Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal are the highest civilian honors in the United States.
The Congressional Gold Medal is separate from the Medal of Honor, a military award for remarkable courage in battle, and the Congressional Space Medal of Honor, which is bestowed by NASA for exceptional achievement in US space exploration. Www.senate.gov The Senate of the United States annually receives requests to confer awards upon individuals for distinguished service to our nation. In order to be considered, persons must meet all criteria set forth in law for the highest civilian honor available to citizens of the United States.
In addition to the President, the Congress can also grant gold medals. The first Congressional Gold Medal was awarded in 1931 for services to the American (then British) occupation of India. Subsequent medals have been awarded for services related to World War II, the Korean War, Vietnam, Gulf War I, and Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan. There are currently 88 people who are recipients of the Congressional Gold Medal.
The medal is made of gold and has an image of the United States on one side and rays encircling the world language of peace on the other. It is attached to a ribbon with seven blue, white, and red stripes representing the seven continents of Earth plus Antarctica. The Congressional Gold Medal consists of a gold medal and a certificate signed by the President or his designee that recognizes the recipient's significant contribution to America's post-9/11 security and prosperity.
The Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal are the United States' highest civilian honors. They are awarded by the president and presented to individuals who have made extraordinary contributions to society. The awards are given for "unconditional respect and admiration of others," accordingeness to the ideals of freedom and democracy, and "in recognition of their merits and achievements." No person can be awarded both the Nobel Peace Prize and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. If a recipient is also a senator or member of Congress, they will not be awarded the medal while in office.
Each award is considered on an individual basis by the president. However, some factors that may influence the decision include but are not limited to: personal courage; acts of heroism; significant contributions to science or technology; charity or philanthropy; and advocacy of peace through non-violence.
Many famous people have been honored with both prizes, including abolitionist Frederick Douglass, author Charles Dickens, artists Vincent van Gogh and Claude Monet, physicist Albert Einstein, musicians Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Bob Dylan, and activists Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.
In modern times, a member of the United States Congress may bestow the Congressional Medal of Merit to a constituent in order to recognize their efforts, leadership, and achievements. You can contribute by adding to it.
The President bestows it in the name of Congress. As a result, it is also known as the Congressional Medal of Honor. Since its inception in 1863, the medal has been bestowed 3,512 times to 3,493 recipients. Of these, 57 individuals have been awarded the Medal of Honor twice.
The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration available to a citizen of the United States and her/his relatives. It is awarded only for "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty."
It is Congress that actually awards the medal. The President then presents the medal at a public ceremony.
Medal of Honor recipients must still meet legal age requirements to serve in the U.S. military and are not eligible for retirement until they reach the statutory limit of 50 years old.
There is no fee associated with receiving the Medal of Honor.
In total, 58 people have received this award two times. Here is a list of those people along with their current year of eligibility:
Brigadier General John F. Bannon '43
Colonel William B. Bankhead '27
Major General Charles H. Campbell '29