An insider threat program can assist you in anticipating and addressing hazardous or harmful person behavior before it causes significant harm. However, it is critical to manage internal threats based on a realistic risk assessment. Ignoring low-risk behaviors or individuals will only encourage them to act against your organization.
The success of an insider threat program depends on how well it is implemented and monitored. If not monitored properly, an insider threat program can be detrimental to an organization's security culture. Employees may feel like they are being scrutinized without reason, which could have a negative impact on their trust in management. This can cause them to engage in risky behaviors without fear of repercussions.
It is important to understand that any employee, regardless of job title, has the ability to steal intellectual property or confidential information. Therefore, it is vital to develop a comprehensive insider threat program that covers all employees, including those working in support roles such as maintenance workers and food service staff. This will help prevent sensitive information or devices with enterprise value from being compromised.
In addition to covering full-time employees, it is also important to include part-time and temporary workers in an insider threat program. These individuals often work closely with regular employees and have access to similar areas of the office.
Insider threat programs are designed to: deter personnel from becoming insider threats; detect insiders who pose a risk to their organizations' resources, including classified information, personnel, and facilities; and mitigate risks through early intervention, proactive reporting, and information referral.
These programs vary in scope and focus, but all aim to achieve the same goal: prevent breaches that could lead to loss of life or serious injury, as well as damage to national security systems and processes.
Some programs use surveillance technology to monitor employee activities. For example, an organization may use network cameras to watch for suspicious activity such as someone logging on to a government computer system from an unapproved location. If such activity is detected, staff members can be notified and/or disciplinary action taken.
Other programs rely on employees to report suspicious behavior directly to their supervisors. For example, an organization may provide each employee with a phone number they can call if they see anything amiss. Those who call in warnings about potential threats can remain anonymous.
Still other programs involve training employees to identify warning signs of malicious intent and how to report them. For example, an organization may teach its staff how to recognize behaviors associated with terrorists or criminal informants and how to report these suspicions. Employees who learn how to identify danger signals and how to report them accurately and promptly can play an important role in preventing attacks.
Insider Harm Programs are interdisciplinary teams comprising of security, human resources, cybersecurity, legal, counterintelligence, mental health, and other specialists who work collaboratively to proactively identify insiders who may constitute a threat to the business or its resources.
The goal of an Insider Threat Program is to prevent attacks on employees by identifying those that might be susceptible to committing such acts. The program should also seek to mitigate any damage that can be done by an employee with malicious intent. These programs vary in scope but typically include some or all of the following components:
Educational campaigns- including alerts to employees about how they can protect themselves and their organizations' information systems- to raise awareness of the threat posed by insiders.
Screening programs- which look for signs of potential threats either during the hiring process or after employees have been on the job for some time.
Reporting mechanisms- so that employees who show signs of being at risk can be identified quickly and appropriate action taken.
Consultants/expert witnesses- who can help organizations understand what types of activities are likely behind certain incidents or patterns observed in their networks.
Punitive measures- including termination proceedings- designed to deter future misconduct.
What exactly is an insider threat? An insider threat is defined as somebody who has allowed access and utilizes that access to intentionally or unintentionally harm the company and its resources. Every organization is susceptible. Indicators of potential risk Prior to committing bad workplace events, the majority of insider threats engage in hazardous conduct. This includes acts such as data theft, sabotage, harassment, and violence. If an employee shows any signs of psychological problems they should be reported immediately. Employees with mental issues may commit workplace violence against themselves or others.
Insider threats can be classified into two categories: intentional and unintentional. Intentional threats include employees who steal information for personal gain or because of dissatisfaction with their job. Unintentional threats include those who leak information to the media or competitors, lose equipment or documents containing sensitive information, or simply leave the company without notice.
Intentional insiders can be further categorized into two groups: disgruntled employees and dishonest managers/employees. Disgruntled employees are involved in workplace violence when they feel that their employment is not being treated fairly. This category also includes employees who decide to harm their employers by stealing confidential information or causing damage to property. Dishonest managers/employees receive promotions, bonuses, or other forms of compensation based on meeting a financial goal. This can create an incentive for them to engage in unethical behavior such as fraud or embezzlement. They can also use their access to harm the organization by stealing trade secrets or violating privacy laws.