Expert Verified is the answer. Because the guerrillas concealed from American forces, it was difficult for American ground forces to clear regions of insurgents in Vietnam. The Vietnamese rebels were familiar with the terrain on which they fought the American forces, making it simple for them to hide in times of weakness. When the Americans made a move against them, the rebels would suddenly appear again in another part of the country.
In addition, the Viet Cong used civilians as "human shields" by placing them in dangerous situations so that enemy attacks would kill or injure them. The rebels also used children as human shields by putting explosives under playgrounds at military bases all over Vietnam. Finally, the VC employed suicide bombers who would infiltrate military camps and launch attacks against non-combatants.
There are several reasons why American ground forces found it difficult to clear regions of guerrillas in Vietnam. First of all, the Vietnamese rebels were familiar with the terrain on which they fought the American forces. This made it easy for them to hide in times of weakness.
The forests were so dense that it was difficult to see your adversary. North Vietnamese soldiers were defeated by conventional methods. The Americans won the conflicts because to greater weaponry and training. The same cannot be stated for jungle small-unit fighting. The terrain offered cover and concealment, but also created new challenges for the combatants.
Jungles are divided into three main classifications: tropical rainforest, montane forest, and lowland forest. Each type of jungle has its own unique characteristics that determine how a battle will play out. In general, tropical rainforests are the most dangerous because of their density and complexity. They can provide cover from sight, sound, and air support. However, they are also vulnerable to attack from any direction. Montane forests are next in danger because they contain many of the same elements as tropical rainforests but on a smaller scale. Lowland forests are the safest because of their openness and clear visibility. The sides or "slopes" of hills or mountains are considered high ground, which gives defenders an advantage in combat. It also makes them harder targets for enemy forces.
Tropical rainforests consist of large trees with thick trunks and broad leaves. There may be vines growing between the trees, filling up the space and blocking views. The canopy creates a dark environment where little light gets through, making vision difficult. The constant moisture also increases the risk of ambush.
For starters, the majority of the battle was fought as a guerilla war. This is a form of conflict that conventional troops, such as the US army in Vietnam, have historically found difficult to combat. The Americans were not suited to combat in the paddy fields and woods since they were carrying conventional weapons and clothes.
The Vietnamese people knew how to fight using primitive weapons such as bows and arrows, blowguns, and scythes so it wasn't just the fact that they were well trained; it was also their patriotic duty to defend their country from foreign invasion.
In addition, most of the soldiers were peasants who had never before held a gun in their life. These men were given old American guns that didn't work very well and had to be replaced constantly because they were always getting damaged or lost.
Last, but not least, the Americans suffered from a lack of intelligence on the part of their leaders. They believed that by sending more and better-equipped troops they could win the war when in fact the opposite was true.
With no real understanding of the culture or language of the people they were fighting against, the Americans made many mistakes that helped the Vietnamese people defend themselves against this foreign invasion. In conclusion, it can be said that America's military effort in Vietnam was not successful because they sent out the wrong kind of troops - they should have used indigenous fighters instead.
To begin with, ground soldiers in South Vietnam had a difficult time determining who the adversary was. Massive refugees from Operation Thunder, rogue South Vietnamese military deserters, and North Vietnamese militants residing in South Vietnam all contributed to the disarray. In addition, the North Vietnamese used human shields to protect their artillery from attack, which only further confused things on the ground.
American soldiers also lacked accurate intelligence about the disposition of North Vietnamese forces. For example, although the United States knew that hundreds of tanks had been smuggled into South Vietnam, top Viet Cong commanders were able to move large numbers of troops through remote jungle paths without being detected until they attacked.
Finally, the Americans suffered from a lack of unity among high-ranking officials. The president looked to his secretary of defense for guidance on foreign policy issues, but there was no such position as secretary of defense in America at the time. Therefore, different departments within the U.S. government had different opinions on how to deal with Vietnam. This made it difficult for anyone to make a clear-cut decision about whether or not to engage in conflict.
In conclusion, American soldiers in Vietnam did not know who their enemy was because there was no clear definition of this term. There were too many unknowns about the situation to make any kind of informed judgment about what to do next.
When American forces arrived in Vietnam, they discovered a bizarre region of wet fields and impenetrable forests. Because of the strange surroundings, their occupations became more challenging and uncomfortable. Their vulnerability was exacerbated by tense relations with Vietnam's rural populations. In addition, there were serious shortages of equipment and resources such as food, medicine, and firefighting skills.
The Americans needed time to learn the language and culture of Vietnam while building military bases across the country. This took several years because no one expected them to stay. When the first wave of troops departed in 1971, they did so believing that they would be gone by 1977 at the latest. However, this plan fell through when it was realized that they would not be able to maintain order in Vietnam alone.
Thus, the United States government agreed to continue sending soldiers beyond the original plan. The main reason for this decision was that the South Vietnamese government could not handle things themselves without help from their northern neighbor.
Besides, the presence of foreign soldiers had become important for the survival of certain sectors of the Vietnamese economy. For example, during the 1973 oil crisis, many farmers turned to hunting to supplement their income. These activities would have been impossible without foreigners providing them with weapons and ammunition.
In addition, Vietnam wanted trade ties with the United States.