Immigrants come for a variety of reasons, including the desire to live in freedom, freely practice their faith, escape poverty or persecution, and provide a better life for themselves and their children. Some immigrants migrate to the United States in search of work. Others move here to study at universities and colleges. Still others come over the border as refugees from violence and war.
After the American Revolution, people from all over Europe began coming to America in search of new land. They came on ships and in carts, but also in slavery and in chains. This pattern continued through the 19th century, when millions more people arrived at American ports of entry. By the end of that century, almost 10 million people were living in the United States without permission.
The modern immigration system was established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952. Before this act, many countries did not have official policies regarding immigration, so individuals could go where there was demand for labor and apply for permits to enter certain areas. The act created a national policy whereby anyone who was not a citizen or permanent resident alien of the United States could not become one. It also provided a way for citizens and residents to meet future labor needs by establishing a preference system for job applicants based on skills needed by employers.
Some people already have family members in this nation and want to reunite with them. Others are looking for a fresh start where they don't know anyone.
When Europeans first began arriving in large numbers, there was much opposition to their coming. The colonies were still recovering from the effects of the American Revolution and didn't need any more trouble; also, the government didn't have enough resources to care for all these new immigrants. However, as time went on and the colonists saw how hardworking and loyal these individuals were, they began welcoming them with open arms. Today, we know these men and women as Americans.
There are several factors that influence whether or not someone decides to leave their home country and move to another one. Sometimes it is for political reasons, such as wanting to live in a country where you believe in freedom of religion, or because you believe other people should be able to do what you can do so there is no reason to suffer persecution. At other times, it is because you have been forced out of your home country by violence or starvation. No matter why people decide to leave their homes, when they first get here they usually look for work.
1. Immigrants flocked to the United States in search of religious and political freedom, as well as improved living conditions and an escape from conflict. 2. Some American cultures were adopted by immigrants, while some immigrant cultures were embraced by Americans. 3. The U.S. government provided most new immigrants with land, food, and money to start their lives here.
4. Many Europeans came to America hoping to find work; some brought their families for economic reasons. 5. People also moved to the United States in search of better opportunities and a more comfortable life. 6. In the early years of European settlement, many immigrants went to the middle colonies or westward toward the Ohio River Basin because they could afford only one passage. 7. After the Revolutionary War, people continued to come to America because there was still opportunity and the country was in need of labor. 8. At this time, immigrants were mainly coming from Europe -- primarily Britain, Ireland, and Germany. 9. Blacks were not allowed to emigrate to the United States until 1882. 10. Mexicans began to arrive in large numbers after 1848, when Mexico became a republic. 11. Most Mexicans at this time were laborers who traveled abroad looking for good jobs and the chance to send money home. 12. There were also farmers who bought land and tried to make a living off it, but most lost their money when the crops failed or the animals died.
The majority of illegal immigrants come to the United States in pursuit of work and a better life, both in terms of economic and educational advantages, as well as freedom. Many people across the world see America as "the nation of opportunity." With nearly 50 million people living here, there are certainly jobs for everyone. In addition, the United States has a long history of welcoming immigrants, from the early Europeans who came to work on colonial farms to more recent waves of Asian and Latino immigrants looking for a better life.
Some countries simply don't offer many opportunities for employment or advancement, which may be a factor for individuals looking to make a change in their lives. There are also political refugees who flee their home countries and seek new places to live out their dreams. The American dream has always been about finding success on your own merit rather than being born into money or power, which is why immigrants have always found this country so attractive.
Of course, there are other factors behind the rising number of immigrants to the United States. A growing body of evidence suggests that immigration helps to fuel economic growth and creates benefits for native workers too. By opening its doors to foreigners, America is able to benefit from an influx of new ideas and technologies, as well as talented employees. Some large companies even rely on immigrant labor to meet growing demand for low-wage jobs. Overall, immigration is good for the economy and society as a whole.
The reasons these new immigrants came to America were similar to those of their forefathers. Many immigrants left their native countries to avoid religious, racial, and political persecution, or to seek relief from a lack of economic opportunity or starvation. During this time, American industry was still recovering from the effects of the Civil War, and many men needed employment.
Immigration to the United States doubled during this period because of two factors: the introduction of the trans-continental railroad in 1869, which provided easy access to America's middle west for manufacturers and farmers; and the discovery of gold in California in 1848, which attracted people from all over the world who wanted to get rich quick. After the gold rush died down, more stable opportunities began to appear in other states with good farming and mining conditions, so that by the end of the 19th century, one out of every five Americans was an immigrant.
These new immigrants brought their cultures with them. They often retained strong ties to their home countries, especially when they had family waiting for them here. Some even decided to change their names to something more American-sounding. For example, "John Smith" might be difficult for someone from Russia or England to explain to their school principal or boss. But in America, using your own name is considered important, so these individuals would need to find another way to make themselves stand out.